Citizen, Mother, Worker: Debating Public Responsibility for Child Care after the Second World War / Edition 1

Citizen, Mother, Worker: Debating Public Responsibility for Child Care after the Second World War / Edition 1

by Emilie Stoltzfus
     
 

ISBN-10: 0807854859

ISBN-13: 9780807854853

Pub. Date: 10/27/2003

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

During World War II, American women entered the workforce in unprecedented numbers, and many of them relied on federally funded child care programs. At the end of the war, working mothers vigorously protested the termination of child care subsidies. In Citizen, Mother, Worker, Emilie Stoltzfus traces grassroots activism and national and local policy debates

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Overview

During World War II, American women entered the workforce in unprecedented numbers, and many of them relied on federally funded child care programs. At the end of the war, working mothers vigorously protested the termination of child care subsidies. In Citizen, Mother, Worker, Emilie Stoltzfus traces grassroots activism and national and local policy debates concerning public funding of children's day care in the two decades after the end of World War II.

Using events in Cleveland, Ohio; Washington, D.C.; and the state of California, Stoltzfus identifies a prevailing belief among postwar policymakers that women could best serve the nation as homemakers. Although federal funding was briefly extended after the end of the war, grassroots campaigns for subsidized day care in Cleveland and Washington met with only limited success. In California, however, mothers asserted their importance to the state's economy as "productive citizens" and won a permanent, state-funded child care program. In addition, by the 1960s, federal child care funding gained new life as an alternative to cash aid for poor single mothers.

These debates about the public's stake in what many viewed as a private matter help illuminate America's changing social, political, and fiscal priorities, as well as the meaning of female citizenship in the postwar period.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807854853
Publisher:
The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date:
10/27/2003
Series:
Gender and American Culture Series
Edition description:
1
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction: Citizenship and Child Care1
Ch. 1Mothers and Work: The Federal Government, Women's Postwar Wage-Earning Status, and Child Care Provision17
Ch. 2Recasting Motherhood: The Early Postwar Battle for Publicly Funded Day Care in Cleveland45
Ch. 3Determining the Deserving: Day Care as a Public Charity in the District of Columbia, 1945-195089
Ch. 4Achieving a Permanent Peacetime Home: Preschool Education and Productive Citizenship in the California Child Care Debates, 1945-1957137
Ch. 5Responding to the Increased Employment of Mothers: From the Rise of Commercial Child Care to the Enactment of Early Welfare Reform, 1950-1965197
Epilogue239
Notes241
Bibliography303
Index325

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