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In The Citizen-Patient in Revolutionary and Imperial Paris, Dora B. Weiner examines the experiences of the sick and handicapped indigent men, women, and children in Paris during the French Revolution and Empire. Weiner argues that significant groups of Revolutionary physicians and reformers interpreted equality to include every citizen's right to health care. These reformers faced political, religious, and professional opposition, and daunting problems of funding. And they needed the participation of the poor as "citizen-patients," patients with both rights and duties, who acted as responsible partners in the pursuit and maintenance of public and personal health.
Weiner surveys the 20,000 patients institutionalized in twenty Paris hospitals and hospices and explains how the Revolution changed the status and work of nurses, pharmacists, midwives, and students, as well as doctors. Clinical teaching, professional specialization, and approaches to public health were all affected. Weiner emphasizes health care for children, deaf and blind people, and mentally ill patients and underscores the role of women as administrators and dispensers of hospital care.
Johns Hopkins University Press
Examines experiences of sick/indigent people during French Revol., 1789-1815, and reformers' belief in right to care.
Written with panache and conviction... A delight to read, packed full of valuable data, enlivened by a host of illustrations.
Weiner's book is a mine of gratifyingly concrete, often fascinating information... rich and compelling details.
This is history of the highest quality; it shows the hard work of years of archival research as well as familiarity with the interpretive literature in a variety of intersecting fields.
A goldmine of valuable information and interesting insight.
|List of Illustrations|
|List of Tables|
|Preface and Acknowledgments|
|Introduction: The Patient as Citizen and Paris as Model||3|
|Pt. I||Tradition: The Grim Reality of the Old Regime|
|2||The Grim Reality of the Public Hospital||45|
|Pt. II||Confrontation: Reform and Resistance|
|3||The Rights and Duties of Citizen-Patients and Citizen-Doctors||79|
|4||The Caring Professions||102|
|Pt. III||Institutions: The Citizen-Patient and the Hospital|
|5||The Outpatient: The Strategy of Medical Administrators||133|
|6||The Inpatient: The Claims of Medical Science||166|
|7||Clinical Specialization: Children at Risk||191|
|Pt. IV||Outreach: The Impaired Citizen-Patient|
|8||The Schooling and Health of the Deaf and Blind||225|
|9||Humane Treatment of the Mental Patient||247|
|Pt. V||Prospects: Hygiene and Prevention|
|10||The Citizen-Patient and the Environment||281|
|Conclusion: The Politics of Health||304|
|Appendix A: Legislative Proposals||321|
|Appendix B: Concordance of the Republican and Gregorian Calendars||328|
|Appendix C: Supplementary Tables||330|
|List of Abbreviations and Acronyms||367|