Citizen Soldiers in the War of 1812 / Edition 1

Citizen Soldiers in the War of 1812 / Edition 1

by C. Edward Skeen
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813120896

ISBN-13: 9780813120898

Pub. Date: 09/15/2007

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

Winner of the Army Historical Foundation Book Award

During the War of 1812, state militias were intended to be the primary fighting force. Unfortunately, while militiamen showed willingness to fight, they were untrained, undisciplined, and ill-equipped. These raw volunteers had no muskets, and many did not know how to use the weapons once they had been issued.

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Overview

Winner of the Army Historical Foundation Book Award

During the War of 1812, state militias were intended to be the primary fighting force. Unfortunately, while militiamen showed willingness to fight, they were untrained, undisciplined, and ill-equipped. These raw volunteers had no muskets, and many did not know how to use the weapons once they had been issued. Though established by the Constitution, state militias found themselves wholly unprepared for war. The federal government was empowered to use these militias to "execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions;" but in a system of divided responsibility, it was the states' job to appoint officers and to train the soldiers. Edward Skeen reveals states' responses to federal requests for troops and provides in-depth descriptions of the conditions, morale, and experiences of the militia in camp and in battle. Skeen documents the failures and successes of the militias, concluding that the key lay in strong leadership. He also explores public perception of the force, both before and after the war, and examines how the militias changed in response to their performance in the War of 1812. After that time, the federal government increasingly neglected the militias in favor of a regular professional army.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813120898
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
Publication date:
09/15/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
224
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Acknowledgments
Introduction1
1The Militia before the War of 18124
2Congress and Military Mobilization17
3Militia Organization39
4The States and Militia Mobilization62
5The Militia and the War in the West77
6The Militia and the War on the Northern Front96
7The Atlantic Front and the Battle of Bladensburg126
8Federal-State Relations141
9War in the South and the Battle of New Orleans157
10The War's End and the Decline of the Militia175
Notes185
Bibliographical Essay215
Index221

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