Citizens and the European Polity: Mass Attitudes Towards the European and National Polities

Overview

This book provides a broad overview of the main trends in mass attitudes towards domestic politics and European integration from the 1970s until today. Particularly in the last two decades, the "end of the permissive consensus" around European integration has forced analysts to place public opinion at the centre of their concerns. The book faces this challenge head on, and the overview it provides goes well beyond the most commonly used indicators. On the one hand, it shows how integration's deepening and ...

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Overview

This book provides a broad overview of the main trends in mass attitudes towards domestic politics and European integration from the 1970s until today. Particularly in the last two decades, the "end of the permissive consensus" around European integration has forced analysts to place public opinion at the centre of their concerns. The book faces this challenge head on, and the overview it provides goes well beyond the most commonly used indicators. On the one hand, it shows how integration's deepening and enlargement involved polities and societies whose fundamental traits in terms of political culture - regime support, political engagement, ideological polarization - have remained anything but static or homogeneous. On the other hand, it addresses systematically what Scharpf (1999) has long identified as the main sources of the democratic deficits of the EU: the lack of a sense of collective identity, the lack of a Europe-wide structure for political accountability, and the lack of recognition of the EU as a legitimate political authority. In other words, it focuses on the fundamental dimensions of how Europeans relate to the EU: identity (the sense of an "European political community"; representation (the perception that European elites and institutions articulate citizens' interests and are responsive to them); and policy scope (the legitimacy awarded to the EU as a proper locus of policy-making). It does so by employing a cohesive theoretical framework derived from the entire IntUne project, survey and macro-social data encompassing all EU member countries, and state-of-the-art methods.

The IntUne series is edited by Maurizio Cotta and Pierangelo Isernia

In a moment in which the EU is facing an important number of social, economic, political and cultural challenges, and its legitimacy and democratic capacities are increasingly questioned, it seems particularly important to address the issue of if and how EU citizenship is taking shape. This series intends to address this complex issue. It reports the main results of a quadrennial Europe-wide research project, financed under the 6th Framework Programme of the EU. That programme has studied the changes in the scope, nature and characteristics of citizenship presently underway as a result of the process of deepening and enlargement of the European Union.

The INTUNE Project - Integrated and United: A Quest for Citizenship in an Ever Closer Europe - is one of the most recent and ambitious research attempts to empirically study how citizenship is changing in Europe. The Project lasted four years (2005-2009) and it involved 30 of the most distinguished European universities and research centres, with more than 100 senior and junior scholars as well as several dozen graduate students working on it. It had as its main focus an examination of how integration and decentralization processes, at both the national and European level, are affecting three major dimensions of citizenship: identity, representation, and scope of governance. It looked, in particular, at the relationships between political, social and economic elites, the general public, policy experts and the media, whose interactions nurture the dynamics of collective political identity, political legitimacy, representation, and standards of performance.

In order to address empirically these issues, the INTUNE Project carried out two waves of mass and political, social and economic elite surveys in 18 countries, in 2007 and 2009; in-depth interviews with experts in five policy areas; extensive media analysis in four countries; and a documentary analysis of attitudes toward European integration, identity and citizenship. The book series presents and discusses in a coherent way the results coming out of this extensive set of new data.

The series is organized around the two main axes of the INTUNE Project, to report how the issues of identity, representation and standards of good governance are constructed and reconstructed at the elite and citizen levels, and how mass-elite interactions affect the ability of elites to shape identity, representation and the scope of governance. A first set of four books will examine how identity, scope of governance and representation have been changing over time respectively at elites, media and public level. The next two books will present cross-level analysis of European and national identity on the one hand and problems of national and European representation and scope of governance on the other, in doing so comparing data at both the mass and elite level. A concluding volume will summarize the main results, framing them in a wider theoretical context.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199602339
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 9/29/2012
  • Series: IntUne Series
  • Pages: 328
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

David Sanders specialises in the analysis of public opinion and electoral behaviour in the UK and in Europe. He is coauthor of Political Choice in Britain (Cambridge University Press, 2004) and of Performance Politics and the British Voter (Oxford University Press, 2009). He has been a co-Director of the British Election Study since 2000. He is a Professor of Government at the University of Essex.

Pedro C. Magalhaes specialises in the study of public opinion, voting behaviour, judicial behaviour and the design and effects of political institutions. He is one of the founders and coordinators of the Portuguese Election Study and a member of the planning committee of the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems, Comparative National Elections Project and the European Election Study. He is the author of more than fifty articles and book chapters in scholarly journals and edited volumes. He is a Researcher at the Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon, Portugal.

Gabor Toka specializes in voting behaviour and political attitude formation, especially in a comparative perspective and with respect to the impact of national institutions and political knowledge. He was a founding member of the Comparative Study of Electoral System project and served as principal investigator for comparative and national election surveys in five countries. He is co-author of Post-Communist Party Systems: Competition, Representation, and Inter-Party Cooperation (Cambridge University Press, 1999) and author of over five dozen articles in scholarly journals and edited volumes. He is a Professor at the Department of Political Science, Central European University, Budapest.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Citizens and the European Polity, Pedro C. Magalhaes, David Sanders, and Gabor Toka
2. The Determinants of Democracy Satisfaction in Europe, Paolo Bellucci, Vincenzo Memoli, David Sanders
3. Informal Political Engagement in Europe, 1975-2007, David Sanders and Paolo Bellucci
4. Ideological Polarisation: Different Worlds in East and West, Hermann Schmitt and Andre Freire
5. Electoral Turnout at the National and European Levels, Markus Steinbrecher, Hans Rattinger
6. But Still it Does Not Move: Functional and Identity-Based Determinants of European Identity, Pierangelo Isernia, Irena Fiket, Fabio Serricchio, Bettina Westle
7. Trust in the European Parliament: From Affective Heuristics to Rational Cueing, Mariano Torcal, Jordi Munoz, and Eduard Bonet
8. Support for European Integration, Andrija Henjak, Gabor Toka and David Sanders
9. Europe A La Carte? Public Support for Policy Integration in an Enlarged European Union, Pedro C. Magalhaes
10. Summary and Conclusions: Europe in Equilibrium - Unresponsive Inertia or Vibrant Resilience?, David Sanders, Pedro Magalhaes, Gabor Toka
Appendices
Bibliography

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