The Citizenship Revolution: Politics and the Creation of the American Union, 1774-1804 [NOOK Book]

Overview

Most Americans believe that the ratification of the Constitution in 1788 marked the
settlement of post-Revolutionary disputes over the meanings of rights, democracy, and
sovereignty in the new nation. In The Citizenship Revolution, Douglas Bradburn undercuts this view
by ...

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The Citizenship Revolution: Politics and the Creation of the American Union, 1774-1804

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Overview

Most Americans believe that the ratification of the Constitution in 1788 marked the
settlement of post-Revolutionary disputes over the meanings of rights, democracy, and
sovereignty in the new nation. In The Citizenship Revolution, Douglas Bradburn undercuts this view
by showing that the Union, not the Nation, was the most important product of
independence.

In 1774, everyone in British North America was a subject of King
George and Parliament. In 1776 a number of newly independent "states," composed of
"American citizens" began cobbling together a Union to fight their former fellow
countrymen. But who was an American? What did it mean to be a "citizen" and not a
"subject"? And why did it matter?

Bradburn’s stunning
reinterpretation requires us to rethink the traditional chronologies and stories of the American
Revolutionary experience. He places battles over the meaning of "citizenship" in law and
in politics at the center of the narrative. He shows that the new political community ultimately
discovered that it was not really a "Nation," but a "Union of States"—and
that it was the states that set the boundaries of belonging and the very character of rights, for
citizens and everyone else. To those inclined to believe that the ratification of the Constitution
assured the importance of national authority and law in the lives of American people, the emphasis
on the significance and power of the states as the arbiter of American rights and the character of
nationhood may seem strange. But, as Bradburn argues, state control of the ultimate meaning of
American citizenship represented the first stable outcome of the crisis of authority, allegiance,
and identity that had exploded in the American Revolution—a political settlement delicately
reached in the first years of the nineteenth century. So ended the first great phase of the American
citizenship revolution: a continuing struggle to reconcile the promise of revolutionary equality
with the pressing and sometimes competing demands of law, order, and the pursuit of
happiness.

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Editorial Reviews

Rogers Smith

This excellent and enjoyable book provides a far richer historical account of the political contestation over citizenship in the early Republic than any we have. It is a major contribution.

Edward Countryman

Douglas Bradburn has taken on a difficult and important subject, the development of American citizenship. Without being present-minded, he raises historical issues, including race, due process, and civil liberties, that remain very much alive. What he adds to a very powerful historical and civic discussion commands attention.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813930312
  • Publisher: University of Virginia Press
  • Publication date: 7/13/2009
  • Series: Jeffersonian America
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 432
  • Sales rank: 1,313,880
  • File size: 2 MB

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

1 The Revolutionary Moment: Natural Rights, the People, and the Creation of American Citizenship 19

2 State v. Nation: Federalism and the Problem of Nationhood 61

3 The Politics of Citizenship: Expatriation, Naturalization, and the Rise of Party 101

4 "True Americans": The Federalist Ideal and the Legislation of National Citizenship 139

5 States' Rights and the Rights of Man: The Opposition to the Alien and Sedition Acts 168

6 "Hordes of Foreigners": The Immigrant Moment and the Potential of the Hyphenated Citizen 206

7 White Citizen, Black Denizen: The Racial Ranks of American Citizenship 235

8 The Aristotelian Moment: Ending the American Revolution 272

Conclusion: The Fall of the Union and the Rise of Nation 297

Notes 309

Bibliography 371

Index 403

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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Posted August 25, 2009

    Brilliant New Study of Founding of the United States

    Finally!--a study of the founding which doesn't indulge in myth-telling or founder bashing. A brisk study of the ideas of citizenship in the era of the Revolution, improves greatly on Gordon Wood's __Creation__, tells both sides of the story without taking sides. Much better than Joe Ellis __Founding Brothers__Best book on Revolution in a long time, fine for a smart general reader.

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