For the first time in history, more than half the people of the world live in cities. Comprehending the impact of this widespread urbanization requires an awareness of the complex relationships between cities and natural ecosystems. This innovative book moves beyond the anti-urban lamentations that often dominate today's academic discourse to examine the evolution of cities and to illuminate the roles that humans play in shaping their ...
For the first time in history, more than half the people of the world live in cities. Comprehending the impact of this widespread urbanization requires an awareness of the complex relationships between cities and natural ecosystems. This innovative book moves beyond the anti-urban lamentations that often dominate today's academic discourse to examine the evolution of cities and to illuminate the roles that humans play in shaping their environments, both natural and constructed.
Christopher G. Boone and Ali Modarres argue that understanding the multiple forces of urbanization requires a holistic approach to the interactions of social, cultural, economic, political, and environmental factors. Without casting judgments, City and Environment seeks to engage readers in an exploration of cities from a truly global perspective. Throughout, it illuminates the social-ecological systems of cities not as an academic exercise-although informing academic audiences is one of its goals-but ultimately to help transform cities into livable and ecologically sustainable environments.
Christopher G. Boone is Associate Professor and holds joint appointments in the International Institute for Sustainability as well as the School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University.Ali Modarres is the Associate Director of the Edmund G. "Pat" Brown Institute of Public Affairs and a Professor in the Department of Geography and Urban Analysis at California State University, Los Angeles.
- Main concepts and ideas of the book
- Chapter outline
Chapter 1: Urban Morphology and the Shaping of an Urban Ideal"
- Inventing Cities
- Greek Cities and Urban Design
- Roman Cities: Urban Planning and Management
- European Cities in the Medieval Period
- Middle Eastern Cities: A Morphological Synopsis
- Renaissance and Baroque Cities: Rationalism and Urban Design
- Industrial Cities and the Search for Ideal Urban Form
- From Ur to Post-Modernism: Urban Form(s) in Perspective
Chapter 2: Population, urbanization and environment
- Population Growth
- Population and Urban History
- Historical Demography
- Population Dynamics: A Global History
- Population Dynamics
- Population, Urbanization, and Consumption of Resources
- Population and Health
- The Politics of Population Control and Sustainable Urban Growth
- What Happened in India?
- Something Not So Funny Happened on the Way to Cairo
Chapter 3: Feeding Cities that Consume Farmland
- Agricultural origins: cities as farmer's markets
- From hinterland to ecological footprint
- Urban sprawl and farmland loss
- Urbanization and agricultural intensification
- Urban agriculture
Chapter 4: Urban Infrastructure: Living with the Consequences of Past Decisions and Opportunities for the Future
- Getting around the city: roads and transit
- Asphalt alternatives
- Transportation alternatives
- Limited access: a misnomer
- Watering and draining the city
- From dung heaps to concrete conduits: dealing with human waste
Chapter 5: Healthy Cities and Environmental Justice
- Are cities unhealthy?
- Healthy cities movement
- Automobile cities are bad for your health
- Cars, walking, and cycling
- Transportation Planning and the 3-Ds: density, diversity, and design
- Environmental justice and health
Chapter 6: Green spaces, green governance, and planning
- Parks in the City
- Playgrounds and Progressives
- City Beautiful and Monumental Greenspaces
- Garden Cities
- Suburbs and Private Greenspace
- Greenways: Ideal Urban Greenspace?
- Brownfields: Benefits and Barriers for Urban Redevelopment
- Urban Growth Boundaries and Greenbelts
- Smart Growth
- New Urbanism
- Pathways to a Sustainable Urban Future