Civil Rights and African-Americans: A Documentary History

Overview


This volume brings together for the first time all the important primary documents in the history of civil rights in the United States. Beginning in 1619, it contains original texts on slavery, abolition, the Civil War, Reconstruction, desegregation, the NAACP, and the black power movement. A thought-provoking preface provides an overview of the developments in civil rights law and public policy to the present day.

Many of the documents included were previously scattered in ...

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Overview


This volume brings together for the first time all the important primary documents in the history of civil rights in the United States. Beginning in 1619, it contains original texts on slavery, abolition, the Civil War, Reconstruction, desegregation, the NAACP, and the black power movement. A thought-provoking preface provides an overview of the developments in civil rights law and public policy to the present day.

Many of the documents included were previously scattered in hard-to-find sources, not readily available to instructors and students. Civil Rights and African Americans is the first collection of all the seminal texts of the civil rights struggle, an invaluable scholarly reference and riveting reading for anyone interested in the history of racial conflict in the United States.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Originally published in 1968 as Civil rights and the American Negro (Trident), and reissued with a new preface by the editors, this volume collects the most important primary documents in the history of civil rights in the US. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780810109209
  • Publisher: Northwestern University Press
  • Publication date: 2/1/1992
  • Edition description: 2
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 671
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 1.70 (d)

Meet the Author


Albert P. Balustein, Professor of Law Emeritus at the Rutgers Law School in Camden, is the president of the Philadelphia Constitution Foundation and counsel to the Philadelphia-based law firm of Dilworth, Paxson, Kalish, and Kauffman. He has authored and edited more than twenty-five books, including the twenty-two volume Constitutions of the Countries of the World and the eight-volume Constitutions of Dependencies and Special Sovereignties. He is the co-author of the Human Rights Sourcebook and Desegregation and the Law. 

Robert L. Zangrando is professor of history at the Unviersity of Akron, and has published widely on the American civil rights movement. He is author of The NAACP Crusade against Lynching (1909-1950) and is currently working on a biography of Walter White. 

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Table of Contents


Preface
Preface to the First Edition

I. Slavery and the New World1619-1775
First Negroes at Jamestown
Privileges and Exemptions for Patroons
Massachusetts Body of Liberties
An Act Concerning Negroes, Maryland
Protest of the Germantown Mennonites
The First Abolitionist Tract
Regulations Concerning Negroes, New Jersey
Smith v. Brown and Cooper
The Assiento
Slavery in Georgia: From Prohibition to Acceptance
Blackstone's Commentaries on the Law of England
The Somerset Case

II. Slavery During the Revolutionary and National Periods1776-1820
Declaration of Independence
Delaware Constitution
The Quock Walker Case
Northwestern Ordinance
Constitution of the United States
Fugitive Slave Act
Act to Prohibit the Importation of Slaves
Mississippi and Alabama State Constitutions
Virginia Statute on Slaves, Free Negroes, and Mulattoes
American Colonization Society Memorial

III. Expansion and the Anti-Slavery Controversy—1820-1860
The Missouri Compromise
Elkison v. Deliesseline
Garrison's Liberator
Calhoun's Resolution
The Amistad Case
Roberts v. Boston
Wilmot Proviso
The Compromise of 1850
Teaching Negroes to Read
The Kansas-Nebraska Territories
The Dred Scott Case
The Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Incident at Harpers Ferry
The Mississippi Legislature on the Right of Secession

IV. Civil War and Reconstruction—1861-1883
Confederate States of America—Constitution
Federal Confiscation Acts
Lincoln's Wartime Objecctive
Emancipation Proclamation—A Wartime Measure
Jefferson Davis on the Negro in Wartime
The Thirteenth Amendment
Freedmen's Bureau
Southern Black Codes
The Fourteenth Amendment
The Civil Rights Acts
The Fifteenth Amendment
Senator Blanche K. Bruce on the Mississippi Election
The Reconstruction Era Cases
United States v. Cruikshank
Hall v. Decuir
Strauder v. West Virginia
The Civil Rights Cases

V. National Growth and the Era of Jim Crow—1884-1914
Frederick Douglass Denounces Lynch Law
Booker T. Washington and Compromise
New York's Civil Rights Act
Plessy v. Ferguson—The Doctrine of "Separate but Equal"
The Louisiana Constitution
Tennessee's Jim Crow Law in Education
Congressional Valedictory of the Negro
The Classic Southern Position on the Negro

VI. Emergence of Negro Protest—1951-1941
W. E. B. Du Bois's Program for the American Negro
Voting Rights and the Grandfather Clause
French Directive on the Treatment of Black American Troops
The Program of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
The Supreme Court and the Right to a Fair Trial
Marcus Garvey Extols Black Nationalism
The Scottsboro Cases
The Gavagan Antilynching Bill

VII. War, and Cold War: Executive and Judicial Responses—1941-1958
President Roosevelt's Fair Employment Practices Committee
Screws v. United States—Murder and the Fourteenth Amendment
President Truman's Civil Rights Program
Integration in the Armed Services
Shelley v. Kraemer—On Segregated Housing
Texas White Primary Cases
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka: The Predecessor Cases
School Segregation Cases
Reactions to Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
The Little Rock Crisis

VIII. Civil Rights and the Congressional Response—1957-1968
The Civil Rights Act (1957)
The Civil Rights Act (1960)
President Kennedy on Negro Rights
NAACP v. Button
Freedom to the Free—Report of the United States Commission on Civil Rights
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Letter from a Birmingham Jail
The Sit-In Cases
The Antipoll Tax Amendment
The Civil Rights Act (1964)
Equality in Accommodations
President Johnson's Commencement Address at Howard University
The Voting Rights Act
South Carolina v. Katzenbach
United States v. Price
School Desegregation Guidelines
Black Power
Racial Isolation in the Public Schools
U.S. Riot Commission Report—Official Summary

Index

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