Civil Rights Since 1787: A Reader on the Black Struggle / Edition 1

Civil Rights Since 1787: A Reader on the Black Struggle / Edition 1

by Jonathan Birnbaum
     
 

Winner of the 2001 Gustavus Myers Program Book Award.

Contrary to simple textbook tales, the civil rights movement did not arise spontaneously in 1954 with the landmark Brown v. Board of Education decision. The black struggle for civil rights can be traced back to the arrival of the first Africans, and to their work in the plantations, manufacturies, and

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Overview

Winner of the 2001 Gustavus Myers Program Book Award.

Contrary to simple textbook tales, the civil rights movement did not arise spontaneously in 1954 with the landmark Brown v. Board of Education decision. The black struggle for civil rights can be traced back to the arrival of the first Africans, and to their work in the plantations, manufacturies, and homes of the Americas. Civil rights was thus born as labor history.

Civil Rights Since 1787 tells the story of that struggle in its full context, dividing the struggle into six major periods, from slavery to Reconstruction, from segregation to the Second Reconstruction, and from the current backlash to the future prospects for a Third Reconstruction. The "prize" that the movement has sought has often been reduced to a quest for the vote in the South. But all involved in the struggle have always known that the prize is much more than the vote, that the goal is economic as well as political. Further, in distinction from other work, Civil Rights Since 1787 establishes the links between racial repression and the repression of labor and the left, and emphasizes the North as a region of civil rights struggle.

Featuring the voices and philosophies of orators, activists, and politicians, this anthology emphasizes the role of those ignored by history, as well as the part that education and religion have played in the movement. Civil Rights Since 1787 serves up an informative mix of primary documents and secondary analysis and includes the work of such figures as Ella Baker, Mary Frances Berry, Clayborne Carson, Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. DuBois, Eric Foner, Herb Gutman, Fannie Lou Hamer, A. Leon Higginbotham, Darlene Clark Hine, Jesse Jackson, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, Manning Marable, Nell Painter, Frances Fox Piven and Richard Cloward, A. Philip Randolph, Mary Church Terrell, and Howard Zinn.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780814782491
Publisher:
New York University Press
Publication date:
06/01/2000
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
936
Sales rank:
1,132,048
Product dimensions:
7.02(w) x 9.93(h) x 1.70(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction: It Didn't Start in 19541
Pt. ISlavery: America's First Compromise
1Introduction: Original Sin7
2The International Slave Trade9
3Slavery, the Constitution, and the Founding Fathers16
4Our Pro-Slavery Constitution24
5Slave Religion, Rebellion, and Docility29
61787 Petition for Equal Educational Facilities35
7The Abolitionist Movement36
8Too Long Have Others Spoken for Us41
9Education for Black Women45
10Walker's Appeal47
11On African Rights and Liberty50
12The Liberator: Opening Editorial53
13An Address to the Slaves of the United States55
14Free Blacks and Suffrage58
15Silencing Debate: The Congressional Gag Rule59
16Equality before the Law60
17Free Blacks and the Fugitive Slave Act66
18The Fugitive Slave Law70
19What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?74
20Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)78
21Illinois No Longer a Free State83
22Literacy, Slavery, and Religion85
23Who Freed the Slaves?90
Pt. IIReconstruction
24Introduction: The Second American Revolution101
25The Second American Revolution103
26Schools for Freedom109
27The Southern Black Church116
28Forty Acres and a Mule: Special Field Order No. 15118
29A Proposal for Reconstruction121
30Woman's Rights127
31Woman Suffrage130
32Black Women during Reconstruction131
33Southern Discomfort135
34The Ku Klux Klan Conspiracy138
35Black Workers and Republicans in the South141
36The Reconstruction Myth150
37The Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson154
Pt. IIISegregation
38Introduction: Separate and Unequal161
39Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)165
40Newspapers on Plessy v. Ferguson170
41How Disenfranchisement Was Accomplished172
42Lynching177
43The Atlanta Massacre181
44The Race War in the North184
45Jim Crow and the Limits of Freedom, 1890-1940190
46Blacks and the First Red Scare199
47The Second Klan203
48Black Workers from Reconstruction to the Great Depression215
49The Atlanta Address222
50Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others226
51Report of the 1900 Pan-African Conference232
52The Niagara Movement Declaration of Principles234
53The Task for the Future238
54Returning Soldiers242
55Lynching a Domestic Question?244
56Address to President Wilson246
57The Higher Education of Women249
58Black Women and the Right to Vote252
59Woman Suffrage and the Fifteenth Amendment260
60Woman Suffrage and the Negro262
61The Great Migration264
62Migration and Political Power267
63The Objectives of the Universal Negro Improvement Association268
64The Garvey Milieu274
65The Scottsboro Case278
66Women and Lynching280
67Blacks and the New Deal283
68Mary McLeod Bethune and the Black Cabinet287
69Marian Anderson, Eleanor Roosevelt, and the D.A.R.290
70Blacks and the CIO292
71The Harlem Bus Boycott of 1941298
72The March on Washington Movement303
73Executive Order 8802: Establishing the FEPC307
74The Sharecroppers' Tale309
75The "Double V" Campaign315
76Nazi and Dixie Nordics318
77The Civil Rights Congress321
Pt. IVThe Second Reconstruction
78Introduction: The Modern Civil Rights Movement327
79Charles Hamilton Houston and the NAACP Legal Strategy333
80The NAACP and Brown341
81Brown v. Board of Education (1954)349
82Mississippi Murders355
83Labor, Radicals, and the Civil Rights Movement363
84Migration and Electoral Politics383
85To Secure These Rights388
86Executive Order 9981: Barring Segregation in the Armed Forces394
87The Second Red Scare: The Cold War in Black America396
88Remembering Jackie Robinson409
89Paul Robeson and the House Un-American Activities Committee412
90The Highlander School416
91If the Negro Wins, Labor Wins421
92CORE and the Pacifist Roots of Civil Rights428
93The Baton Rouge Bus Boycott435
94Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott443
95The Social Organization of Nonviolence457
96SCLC and "The Beloved Community"461
97On King's Influences and Borrowings464
98Women and Community Leadership467
99The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee472
100SNCC Statement of Purpose474
101Suppose Not Negroes but Men of Property Were Being Beaten in Mississippi475
102Letter from Birmingham City Jail477
103Television Address on Civil Rights490
104What Really Happened at the March on Washington?493
105Which Side Is the Federal Government On?501
106I Have a Dream504
107Movie Myths about Mississippi Summer508
108Freedom Schools511
109The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party517
110Testimony before the 1964 DNC Credentials Committee521
111Civil Rights and Black Protest Music524
112From Protest to Politics528
113The Selma Movement and the Voting Rights Act of 1965539
114Address on Voting Rights546
115Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders553
116The Watts Uprising555
117The Great Society561
118The SCLC and Chicago565
119Resurrection City and the Poor People's Campaign574
120The Welfare Rights Movement580
121We Must Have Justice587
122The Ballot or the Bullet589
123Malcolm and Martin: A Common Solution604
124What We Want611
125The Black Panther Party Ten-Point Program615
126The Black Panther Party618
127Women and the Black Panther Party621
128Black Power and Labor624
129The Nixon Administration and Civil Rights631
130The Gary Black Political Convention of 1972635
131Police Violence and Riots641
132Rodney King, Police Brutality, and Riots645
133Black Power in the Age of Jackson649
134Race and the Democrats655
135Mississippi Abolishes Slavery659
136Undercounting Minorities661
137The Color of Money663
138The Possessive Investment in Whiteness669
139Discrimination and Racism Continue679
140Education's "Savage Inequalities"684
141Shopping While Black688
142Environmental Racism692
143Affirmative Action and History697
144The Great White Myth700
145How the Press Frames Affirmative Action702
146Position Paper on Affirmative Action708
Pt. VBacklash Redux
147Introduction: Redemption II717
148The Southern Manifesto721
149George Wallace and the Roots of Modern Republicanism725
150Segregation Forever731
151The Southern Strategy735
152The Nixon That Black Folks Knew742
153The FBI, COINTELPRO, and the Repression of Civil Rights745
154The Urban Fiscal Crisis and the Rebirth of Conservatism753
155Boston's Battle over Busing759
156The Tax Revolt779
157Campus Racism and the Reagan Budget Cuts780
158The War against the Poor785
159David Duke and the Southern Strategy792
160The Civil Rights Act of 1991794
161How "Welfare" Became a Dirty Word798
162Lazy Lies about Welfare803
163Race and the "New Democrats"805
164Defunding the Congressional Black Caucus817
165Vouchers, the Right, and the Race Card819
166The Prison Industrial Complex823
167Felony Disenfranchisement829
168Chain Gang Blues831
169Breaking Thurgood Marshall's Promise836
Pt. VIToward a Third Reconstruction
170Introduction: Where Do We Go from Here?843
171Time for a Third Reconstruction846
172Toward a New Protest Paradigm849
173Why Inter-Ethnic Anti-Racism Matters Now853
174How the New Working Class Can Transform Urban America856
175What Works to Reduce Inequality?862
176A Workers' Bill of Rights864
177A Ten-Point Plan866
178Both Race and Class: A Time for Anger868
179Fear of a Black Feminist Planet874
180Response to the Million Man March878
181What Farrakhan Left Out880
182Clean-Money Campaign Finance Reform883
183Proportional Representation885
184We Can Educate All Our Children890
185Algebra as Civil Rights: An Interview with Bob Moses896
186Pulpit Politics: Religion and the Black Radical Tradition899
187Some Truths Are Not Self-Evident904
188Don't Need Another Dr. King907
Index909
About the Editors943

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