The Civil War and Reconstruction: A Documentary Reader / Edition 1

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Overview

The Civil War and Reconstruction are momentous and interrelated periods in American history. The war was the country's largest and most significant conflict, as northern victory over the South created national sovereignty and ended legal slavery. Reconstruction, although intricately linked to the Civil War, has a more complicated and darker legacy. This reader provides students with a collection of more than sixty essential documentary sources for these periods, including presidential addresses, official reports, songs and poems, and a variety of eyewitness testimony concerning major (and often dramatic) events. Contextualizing headnotes explain the importance of each document and Harrold's introduction includes an explanation of how historians analyze, situate, and interpret a variety of primary sources related to the Civil War and Reconstruction.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This book is a useful tool that will find its way onto many syllabi in the upcoming years, including mine." (H-Net Reviews, 1 April 2011)

"Harrold provides an excellent introduction with not only the historical facts, but also a solid discussion of the historiography. The introduction alone makes it valuable in the classroom. For instructors looking for a good set of primary documents to use in their upper-division Civil War courses, Harrold has provided a great service. Highly recommended.” (Choice, November 2008)

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Stanley Harrold is Professor of History at South Carolina State University and coauthor (with Darlene Clark Hine and William C. Hine) of the textbook African American Odyssey, Third Edition (2006). His most recent books include The Rise of Aggressive Abolitionism: Addresses to the Slaves (2004), Subversives: Antislavery Community in Washington, D.C., 1828-1865 (2003),and American Abolitionists (2001). He is coeditor (with Randall Miller) of the series “Southern Dissent”, and his articles have appeared in Civil War History, Journal of Southern History, Radical History Review, and Journal of the Early Republic.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures     xi
Series Editors' Preface     xii
Acknowledgments     xiv
Introduction     1
Causes     17
Declaration of Sentiments of the American Anti-Slavery Society, 1833   William Lloyd Garrison     17
Address to the Slaves of the US, 1843   Henry Highland Garnet     21
Address of the Southern Delegates to their Constituents, 1849   John C. Calhoun     25
Irrepressible Conflict, 1858   William H. Seward     34
Ballou's Pictorial Drawing-Room Companion, Slaves Picking Cotton, 1858     38
Last Speech, 1859   John Brown     39
Disunion to War     42
Declaration of the Immediate Causes which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina, 1860$dSouth Carolina     42
Crittenden Compromise Proposal, 1860   John J. Crittenden     46
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, Jefferson Davis about to become Provisional President of the Confederacy, 1861     49
"I Wish I Was in Dixie's Land," 1860   Daniel Decatur Emmett     51
First Inaugural Address, 1861   Abraham Lincoln     52
Cornerstone Speech, 1861   Alexander H. Stephens     59
Approaching Conflict atFort Sumter, 1861   Mary Boykin Chesnut     64
Battles     72
First Battle of Bull Run, 1861   William Howard Russell     72
"1861," 1861   Walt Whitman     77
Battle of Wilson Creek and Guerilla War in Missouri, 1861-62   William Monks     79
The Monitor Battles the Virginia (Merrimac), 1862   S. Dana Greene     84
Battle of Antietam, 1862   David H. Strother     87
Battle of Gettysburg, 1863   Frank A. Haskell     93
Union Dead on the Gettysburg Battlefield, 1863   Timothy O'Sullivan     95
Black-White Guerilla War in Florida, 1863   Samuel E. Hope     96
Battle of Chickamauga, 1863   James Longstreet     98
Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, 1865   Robert E. Lee     102
General Report of Operations, 1864-65   Ulysses S. Grant     105
Soldiers' Experiences     108
A Woman in the New York Volunteers, 1862-64   Sarah Rosetta Wakeman     108
Preserving Discipline in the Army of Northern Virginia, 1863   Spencer Glasgow Welch     112
Union Soldiers Recovering from Wounds, 1864$dUnattributed Photograph     113
Union Soldiers under Fire, 1862-64   Frank Holsinger     114
Religion and the Daily Lives of Union Soldiers in Alabama, 1864   Jenkin Lloyd Jones     117
A Confederate Officer Observes the Siege of Petersburg, 1864   Charles Minor Blackford     120
US Colored Cavalry in Virginia, 1864   James S. Brisbin     124
On Soldiers and Prostitutes, City Point, Virginia, 1864$dUnidentified US Sanitary Commission Official     126
A Confederate Woman on Union Prisoners at Andersonville, 1865   Eliza Frances Andrews     127
Homefronts     130
Confederate Women Prepare their Men for War, 1861   Mary A. Ward     130
Corruption in Washington, DC, 1862   Regis de Trobriand     132
Contraband Camps in Alexandria, Virginia, 1863   Julia A. Wilbur     134
Life in Besieged Vicksburg, 1863   Dora Miller     137
Richmond Bread Riot, 1863   Sallie Brock Putnam     142
Illustrated London News, New York City Draft Riot, 1863     144
"Barbara Frietchie," 1864   John Greenleaf Whittier     146
Political Perspectives     149
"The Battle Hymn of the Republic," 1862   Julia Ward Howe     149
Union War Aims, 1862    Horace Greeley   Abraham Lincoln     150
State Sovereignty in the Confederacy, 1862|Joseph E. Brown     153
Emancipation Proclamation, 1863   Abraham Lincoln     154
Northern Opposition to the Civil War, 1863   Clement L. Vallandigham     157
"Men of Color to Arms!" 1863   Frederick Douglass     160
Gettysburg Address, 1863   Abraham Lincoln     163
Democratic Caricature of Republican Racial Policy, 1864   Bromley and Company     164
War for Slavery, 1865   Robert Barnwell Rhett Jr.     166
Second Inaugural Address, 1865   Abraham Lincoln     168
The Trans-Mississippi West     170
Homestead Act, 1862$dUS Congress     170
Sand Creek Massacre, 1864   John S. Smith     173
Treaty of Fort Laramie, 1868$dUnited States and Sioux Nation     179
Joining of the Rails, Promontory, Utah, 1869   Andrew J. Russell     185
Reconstruction     187
Presidential Reconstruction, 1863   Abraham Lincoln     187
African-American Refugees amid Ruins of Richmond, 1865   Alexander Gardner     190
State Convention of the Colored People of South Carolina, Memorial to the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States, 1865     191
Congressional Reconstruction, 1865   Thaddeus Stevens     193
Reconstruction Amendments, 1865-70$dUnited States     199
An Appeal to the Women of the United States, 1871$dNational Woman Suffrage and Educational Committee     201
Ku Klux Klan Terrorism, 1871   Elias Hill     205
Failure of Reconstruction, 1879   Albion W. Tourgee     209
Suggested Reading     217
Index     218
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