Civilization in the West - Since 1555 / Edition 7

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Overview

Civilization in the West, Seventh Edition, Volume II Mark Kishlansky, et al.

“This text is clear, well-organized, and easy for my students to follow. I have never had more satisfied students over a thirty-five year career.”

–Don Mohr, University of Alaska — Anchorage

“Students typically associate a history classes with being dull and dreary with an accompanying dry text. This book entices students to read the chapters not only because they are assigned but because the students are eager to read them.”

–Janilyn M. Kocher, Richland Community College

“I have seen texts that are dry, monotonous, and chocked with detail. I have seen others that present the material so lightly that it may blow away. This text is a combination of detailed information in an engaging and interesting presentation.”

–John S. Kemp, Truckee Meadows Community College

In Civilization in the West, the dramatic, changing contours of Western Civilization are explored through a compelling narrative and a rich image-based approach. In the new Seventh Edition, updated throughout, the authors blend social and political history with an exceptional map and image program to engage students and make the material more accessible.

New to this edition

  • “Image Discovery” features appear in every chapter and help students approach images as important historical texts.
  • New “West in the Wider World” essays: Chapter 18, “The Siege of Vienna;” Chapter 25, “Babylon Discovered;” and Chapter 29, “Mahatma Gandhi’s Legacy.”
  • New primary source documents: Chapter 14 now includes “The Heart and Stomach of a King,” in which Queen Elizabeth rallies her subjects to oppose the invasion of English by the Spanish Armada; Chapter 19 now contains excerpts from Voltaire’s great comic novel, Candide; the Treaty of Versailles is excerpted in Chapter 26; and Chapter 30 now includes both Vaclav Havel’s address to Czechoslovakia from January 1, 1990 and a press release from London Mayor Ken Livingstone regarding his commitment, and that of 21 other mayors from major cities around the world, to reducing greenhouse gases.
  • An expanded Glossary contains over 60 new key terms.

Available versions of Civilization in the West
Single Volume Edition ISBN 0-205-55684-1
Volume I (to 1715) ISBN 0-205-55685-X
Volume II (since 1555) ISBN 0-205-55686-8
Volume A (to 1500) 0-205-55687-6
Volume B (from 1350 to 1850) 0-205-55688-4
Volume C (since 1789) 0-205-55689-2

Visit us at www.ablongman.com/history

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205556861
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 10/19/2007
  • Series: MyHistoryLab Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 608
  • Sales rank: 529,219
  • Product dimensions: 8.48 (w) x 10.75 (h) x 0.76 (d)

Table of Contents

Detailed Contents

Documents

Maps

Chronologies, Genealogies, and Figures

Preface

Supplements0

About the Authors

Introduction

The Idea of Western Civilization 1

Chapter 14

Europe at War, 1555—1648

The Visual Record:

The Massacre of the Innocents: War and European Society

The Crises of the Western States

The French Wars of Religion

Map Discovery: Religious Divisions in France During the Wars of Religion

One King, Two Faiths

The World of Philip II

The Burgundian Inheritance

Map Discovery: Habsburg Lands at the Abdication of Charles V

The Revolt of the Netherlands

The Struggles in Eastern Europe

Kings and Diets in Poland

Image Discovery

Muscovy’s Time of Troubles

The Rise of Sweden

The Thirty Years’ War, 1618—1648

Bohemia Revolts

The War Widens

Map Discovery: Population Loss in Germany During the Thirty Years’ War

The Long Quest for Peace

A Closer Look

The Monstrous Regiment of Women

Documents

The Heart and Stomach of a King

Cannibals

War Is Hell

Fire and Sword

Chapter 15

The Experiences of Life in Early Modern Europe, 1500—1650

The Visual Record:

Haymaking: Agriculture in a European Community

Economic Life

Rural Life

Image Discovery

$$$

Town Life

Map Discovery: Grain Supply and Trade in Sixteenth-Century Europe

Economic Change

Map Discovery: Population Density in Europe, ca. 1600

Social Life

Social Constructs

Social Structure

Social Change

Peasant Revolts

Private and Community Life

The Family

Communities

Popular Beliefs and the Persecution of Witches

A Closer Look

Sex and the Married Man

Documents

Living by One’s Wits

The Peasants’ Revolt

The Devil’s Due

Chapter 16

The Royal State in the Seventeenth Century

The Visual Record:

Fit for a King: The Grandeur of the European Monarchy

The Rise of the Royal State

Divine Kings

The Court and the Courtiers

The Taxing Demands of War

The Crises of the Royal State

The Need to Resist

The Right to Resist

The English Civil War

Image Discovery

$$$

Map Discovery: English Civil War

The English Revolutions

The Zenith of the Royal State

The Nature of Absolute Monarchy

Absolutism in the East

Map Discovery: Expansion of Russia Under Peter the Great

The Origins of French Absolutism

Louis le Grand

Documents

The Divinity That Doth Hedge a King

A Short, Sharp Shock

The Nature of Man

A Close Shave

The West and the Wider World

The Siege of Vienna

Chapter 17

Science and Commerce in Early Modern Europe

The Visual Record:

Rembrandt’s Lessons: Anatomy and the New Science

The New Science

Heavenly Revolutions

The Natural World

Science Enthroned

Empires of Goods

The Marketplace of the World

Map Discovery: Dutch Trade Routes, ca. 1650

Consumption Choices

Image Discovery:

The Symbols of Trade

Dutch Masters

Mercantile Organization

The Wars of Commerce

The Mercantile Wars

The Wars of Louis XIV

Map Discovery: The Treaty of Utrecht

The Colonial Wars

Map Discovery: The Seven Years’ War

The West and the Wider World

The Nutmeg Wars

Documents

Stargazing

The Telescope

Descartes Experiments

Defining Commerce

Chapter 18

The Balance of Power in Eighteenth-Century Europe

The Visual Record:

A Dashing Officer: The Rise of Militarism

Geographical Tour:

A Grand Tour of Europe in 1714

Expansion of Western Europe

Realignment in Eastern Europe

The Rise of Russia

The Reforms of Peter the Great

Life in Rural Russia

The Enlightened Empress Catherine

The Two Germanies

The Rise of Prussia

Map Discovery:

The Expansion of Prussia

Austria Survives

The Politics of Power

Map Discovery:

The Partitions of Poland

The Greatness of Great Britain

The British Constitution

Parties and Ministers

America Revolts

Image Discovery:

The West and the Wider World

The British Raj in India

Documents

Captain Cook Encounters the Tahitians

A King’s-Eye View

Military Discipline

Unalienable Rights

Chapter 19

Culture and Society in Eighteenth-Century Europe

The Visual Record:

Happy Families: An Enlightenment Institution

Eighteenth-Century Culture

The Enlightenment

The Spirit of the Enlightenment

Image Discovery:

The Impact of the Enlightenment

Eighteenth-Century Society

The Nobility

The Bourgeoisie

The Masses

Map Discovery:

Cereal Crops in Europe

A Closer Look

Giving Birth in the Eighteenth Century

Documents

The All-Knowing

Candide

The Good of All

Love and Marriage

Chapter 20

The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, 1789—1815

The Visual Record:

The Tennis Court Oath: The Beginning of the French Revolution

The French Revolution and the Fall of the Monarchy

The Political and Fiscal Crisis of Eighteenth-Century France

Convening the Estates-General

The Outbreak of Revolutionary Action in 1789

Map Discovery:

Revolutionary France

Declaring Political Rights

The Trials of Constitutional Monarchy

Experimenting with Democracy, 1792—1799

The Revolution of the People

“Terror Is the Order of the Day”

The End of the Revolution

The Reign of Napoleon, 1799—1815

Bonaparte Seizes Power

Napoleon at War with the European Powers

The First Empire and Domestic Reforms

Map Discovery:

Napoleon’s Empire

Decline and Fall

A Closer Look

The Guillotine: Revolutionary Justice

Documents

“What Is the Third Estate?”

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

Declaration of the Rights of Woman and Citizen

The Civil Code of the Code Napoléon (1804)

Chapter 21

Industrial Europe

The Visual Record:

Portrait of an Age: The Railroad

The Traditional Economy

Farming Families

Map Discovery:

Population Growth in Europe, 1800—1850

Rural Manufacture

The Agricultural Revolution

Image Discovery:

The Industrial Revolution in Britain

Britain First

Map Discovery:

Great Britain: Canals and Natural Resources

Minerals and Metals

Cotton Is King

The Iron Horse

Entrepreneurs and Managers

The Wages of Progress

The Industrialization of the Continent

Map Discovery:

Industrial Revolution on the Continent

France: Industrialization Without Revolution

Germany: Industrialization and Union

The Lands That Time Forgot

A Closer Look

Industry and the Environment

Documents

The Wealth of Britain

The Sin of Wages

Exploiting the Young

The Slavery of Labor

Chapter 22

Political Upheavals and Social Transformations, 1815—1850

The Visual Record:

Potato Politics: The Plight of the Poor in European Societies

Geographical Tour:

Europe in 1815

The Congress of Vienna

The Alliance System

The New Ideologies

The New Politics of Preserving Order

Romanticism and Change

Reshaping State and Society

Protest and Revolution

Causes of Social Instability

The Revolutions of 1830

Map Discovery:

Unrest of the 1820s and 1830s: Centers of Revolutionary Action

Reform in Great Britain

Image Discovery:

Map Discovery:

Unrest of the 1820s and 1830s: Centers of Revolutionary Action

Workers Unite

Revolutions Across Europe, 1848—1850

Map Discovery:

The Revolutions of 1848

A Closer Look

The Birth of the Prison

Documents

Young Italy (1832)

The Communist Manifesto

Flora Tristan and the Rights of Working Women

Chapter 23

State Building and Social Change in Europe, 1850—1871

The Visual Record:

The Crystal Palace Exhibition of 1851: Symbols of a New Age

Building Nations: The Politics of Unification

The Crimean War

Map Discovery:

The Crimean War

Unifying Italy

Unifying Germany

Image Discovery

Map Discovery:

The Unification of Germany

The United States: Civil War and Reunification

Nationalism and Force

Reforming European Society

The Second Empire in France, 1852—1870

Victorian Political Reforms

Reforming Russia

The Politics of Leadership

Changing Values and the Force of New Ideas

The Politics of Homemaking

Realism in the Arts

Charles Darwin and the New Science

Karl Marx and the Science of Society

A New Revolution?

A Closer Look

A Working Woman

Documents

The Russian Emancipation Proclamation, 1861

Mistress of the House

On the Origin of Species, 1859

Chapter 24

The Crisis of European Culture, 1871—1914

The Visual Record:

Speeding to the Future: Mass Society and the Rejection of Tradition

European Economy and the Politics of Mass Society

Regulating Boom and Bust

Challenging Liberal England

Political Struggles in Germany

Political Scandals and Mass Politics in France

Defeating Liberalism in Austria

Outsiders in Mass Politics

Feminists and Politics

The Jewish Question and Zionism

Map Discovery:

Jewish Migration

Workers and Minorities on the Margins

Shaping the New Consciousness

The Authority of Science

Establishing the Social Sciences

The “New Woman” and the New Consciousness

The New Consumption

A Closer Look

Sigmund Freud, Explorer of Dreams

The West and the Wider World

African Art and European Artists

Documents

“J’Accuse”

Constance Lytton

“Angel” or Woman?

Chapter 25

Europe and the World, 1870—1914

The Visual Record:

The Politics of Mapmaking: The First Standardized Map of the World

The European Balance of Power, 1870—1914

Upsetting the European Balance of Power

The Instability of the Alliance System

The New Imperialism

The Technology of Empire

Motives for Empire

The Search for Territory and Markets

The Scramble for Africa: Diplomacy and Conflict

Gold, Empire Building, and the Boer War

Map Discovery:

Africa, 1914

Imperialism in Asia

The Imperialism of the United States

Results of a European-Dominated World

Map Discovery:

World Colonial Holdings

A World Economy

Race and Culture

Women and Imperialism

Ecology and Imperialism

Documents

Leopold II of Belgium, Speech to an International Conference of Geographers, 12 September 1876

Joseph Chamberlain’s Speech to the Birmingham Relief Association

Karl Pearson and the Defense of Eugenics

The West and the Wider World?

Babylon Discovered

Chapter 26

War and Revolution, 1914—1920

The Visual Record:

Selling the Great War

The War Europe Expected

Separating Friends from Foes

Military Timetables

Image Discovery:

Chain of Friendship

Map Discovery:

The Schlieffen Plan and France’s Plan XVII

Assassination at Sarajevo

A New Kind of Warfare

Technology and the Trenches

The German Offensive

Map Discovery:

World War I

War on the Eastern Front

War on the Western Front

War on the Periphery

Adjusting to the Unexpected: Total War

Mobilizing the Home Front

Silencing Dissent

The Russian Revolution and Allied Victory

Revolution in Russia

The United States Enters the Great War

Settling the Peace

Wilson’s Fourteen Points

Treaties and Territories

A Closer Look

The Women Who Started the Russian Revolution

Documents

All Quiet on the Western Front

“Dulce et Decorum Est”

War at Home

The Treaty of Versailles

Chapter 27

The European Search for Stability, 1920—1939

The Visual Record:

The Hard Lessons of Inflation

Geographical Tour:

Europe After 1918

New Nation-States, New Problems

German Recovery

France ’s Search for Security

The United States in Europe

Crisis and Collapse in a World Economy

International Loans and Trade Barriers

The Great Depression

The Soviet Union’s Separate Path

The Soviet Regime at the End of the Civil War

The New Economic Policy, 1921—1928

Stalin’s Rise to Power

The First Five-Year Plan

The Comintern, Economic Development, and the Purges

Women and the Family in the New Soviet State

The Rise of Fascist Dictatorship in Italy

Mussolini’s Italy

Mussolini’s Plans for Empire

Hitler and the Third Reich

Hitler’s Rise to Power

Nazi Goals

Propaganda, Racism, and Culture

Democracies in Crisis

The Failure of the Left in France

Map Discovery:

Europe: Types of Government

Muddling Through in Great Britain

The Spanish Republic as Battleground

Image Discovery:

A Closer Look

The Screams from Guernica

Documents

The Depression for Women

The Results of the First Five-Year Plan

The Law on the Abolition of Legal Abortion, 1936

Adolf Hitler on “Racial Purity”

Chapter 28

Global Conflagration: World War II, 1939—1945

The Visual Record:

Precursor of War: The Annexation of Austria

Aggression and Conquest

Hitler’s Foreign Policy and Appeasement

Hitler’s War, 1939—1941

Map Discovery:

World War II in Europe

Collaboration and Resistance

Racism and Destruction

Enforcing Nazi Racial Policies

The Destruction of Europe’s Jews

Image Discovery:

Allied Victory

The Soviet Union’s Great Patriotic War

The United States Enters the War

Winning the War in Europe

Japanese War Aims and Assumptions

Winning the War in the Pacific

Map Discovery:

World War II in the Pacific, 1941—1945

The Fate of Allied Cooperation: 1945

A Closer Look

The Atomic Wasteland

Documents

Manifesto of the Jewish Resistance in Vilna, September 1943

President Franklin Roosevelt’s Request for a Declaration of War on Japan, 8 December 1941

Japan’s Declaration of War on the United States and Great Britain, 8 December 1941

“Glittering Fragments”

Chapter 29

The Cold War and Postwar Economic Recovery: 1945—1970

The Visual Record:

Europe in Ruins: Warsaw, 1946

The Origins of the Cold War

The World in Two Blocs

Map Discovery:

The Division of Germany

Map Discovery:

The Soviet Union and the Soviet Bloc

The Nuclear Club

Image Discovery:

Decolonization and the Cold War

Postwar Economic Recovery in Europe, Japan, and the Soviet Union

The Economic Challenge

The Economic Solution: The Marshall Plan

Image Discovery:

The Marshall Plan

Western European Economic Integration

Japan’s Recovery

The Soviet Path to Economic Recovery

The Welfare State and Social Transformation

Prosperity and Consumption in the West

Family Strategies

Youth Culture and Dissent

The West and the Wider World

Mahatma Gandhi’s Legacy

Documents

The Iron Curtain

The Marshall Plan

Report to the Twentieth Party Congress

The Second Sex

“Subterranean Homesick Blues”

Chapter 30

The End of the Cold War and New Global Challenges, 1970 to the Present

The Visual Record:

The Berlin Wall Comes Down

The End of the Cold War and the Emergence of a New Europe

The Brezhnev Doctrine and Détente

The New Direction in Soviet Politics

Reform in Eastern Europe

The Unification of Germany

Russia and the New Republics

Map Discovery:

Republics of the Soviet Union

Ethnic Conflict and Nationalism

The Chechen Challenge

War in the Balkans

The West in the Global Community

European Union and the American Superpower

A New Working Class: Foreign Workers

Women’s Changing Lives

Terrorism: The “New Kind of War”

The West and the Wider World:

Made in Japan

Documents

President Vaclav Havel’s Address to Czechoslovakia, 1 January 1990

Cities as Environmental Leaders, 2005

Glossary

Credits

Index

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