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(NOTE: Each Chapter concludes with Questions for Review, Suggestions for Further Reading, and Discovering Western Civilization Online.
14. Europe at War, 1555-1648.
The Massacre of the Innocents.
The Crises of the Western States.
The French Wars of Religion.
One King, Two Faiths.
The World of Philip II.
The Burgundian Inheritance.
The Revolt of the Netherlands.
The Struggles in Eastern Europe.
Kings and Diets in Poland.
Muscovy's Time of Troubles.
The Rise of Sweden.
The Thirty Years' War 1618-48.
The War Widens.
The Long Quest for Peace.
Special Feature: The Monstrous Regiment of Women.
Catholics and Huguenots.
War Is Hell.
Fire and Sword.
15. The Experiences of Life in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1650.
Special Feature: Sex and the Married Man.
Living by One's Wits.
The Peasants' Revolt.
A Feminine Perspective.
The Devil's Due.
16. The Royal State in the Seventeenth Century.
Fit for a King.
The Rise of the Royal State.
The Court and the Courtiers.
The Drive to Centralize Government.
The Taxing Demands of War.
The Crises of the Royal State.
The Need to Resist.
The Right to Resist.
The English Civil Wars.
The English Revolutions.
The Zenith of the Royal State.
The Nature of Absolute Monarchy.
Absolutism in the East.
The Origins of French Absolutism.
Louis le Grand.
Special Feature: "King Charles's Head".
A Glimpse of a King.
A Short, Sharp Shock.
Fathers Know Best.
A Close Shave.
17. Science and Commerce in Early Modern Europe.
The New Science.
The Natural World.
Empires of Goods.
The Marketplace of the World.
The Wars of Commerce.
The Mercantile Wars.
The Wars of Louis XIV.
The Colonial Wars.
Special Feature: The Trials of Galileo.
18. The Balance of Power in Eighteenth-Century Europe.
Calling the Tune.
Geographical Tour: Europe in 1714.
Expansion in the West.
Realignment in the East.
The Rise of Russia.
The Reforms of Peter the Great.
Life in Rural Russia.
The Enlightened Empress Catherine.
The Two Germanies.
The Rise of Prussia.
The Politics of Power.
The Greatness of Britain.
The British Constitution.
Parties and Ministers.
Special Feature: Catherine Before She Was Great.
A King's-Eye View.
19. Culture and Society in Eighteenth-Century Europe.
The Spirit of the Enlightenment.
The Impact of the Enlightenment.
Special Feature: Giving Birth in the Eighteenth Century.
The Human Condition.
Of the People.
The Good of All.
20. The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, 1789-1815.
Admiring the American Revolution.
The Crisis of the Old Regime in France, 1715-88.
Louis XV's France.
Louis XVI and the National Debt.
The Three Estates.
The First Stage of the French Revolution, 1789-92.
Taking Politics to the People.
Convening the Estates-General.
The Storming of the Bastille.
The Revolution of the Peasantry.
Women on the March.
The Revolution Threatened.
Experimenting with Democracy: The Revolution's Second Stage, 1792-1799.
Declaring Political Rights.
The Second Revolution: The Revolution of the People.
"Terror Is the Order of the Day".
The End of the Revolution.
The Reign of Napoleon, 1799-1815.
Bonaparte Seizes Power.
Napoleon at War with the European Powers.
The First Empire and Domestic Reforms.
Decline and Fall.
Special Feature: The Guillotine and Revolutionary Justice.
"What Is the Third Estate?"
On Revolutionary Government.
The Civil Code of the Code Napoleon (1804).
21. Industrial Europe.
Portrait of an Age.
The Traditional Economy.
The Agricultural Revolution.
The Industrial Revolution in Britain.
Minerals and Metals.
Cotton Is King.
The Iron Horse.
Entrepreneurs and Managers.
The Wages of Progress.
The Industrialization of the Continent.
Industrialization Without Revolution.
Industrialization and Union.
The Lands That Time Forgot.
Special Feature: Industry and the Environment.
The Wealth of Britain.
The Sin of Wages.
Exploiting the Young.
The Slavery of Labor.
22. Political Upheavals and Social Transformations, 1815-1850.
Geographical Tour: Europe in 1815.
The Congress of Vienna.
The Alliance System.
The New Ideologies.
The New Politics of Preserving Order.
Romanticism and Change.
Reshaping State and Society.
Protest and Revolution.
Causes of Social Instability.
The Revolutions of 1830.
Reform in Great Britain.
Revolutions Across Europe, 1848-1850.
Special Feature: The Birth of the Prison.
The Communist Manifesto.
Flora Tristan and the Rights of Working Women.
23. State-Building and Social Change in Europe, 1850-1871.
The Birth of the German Empire.
Building Nations: The Politics of Unification.
The Crimean War.
Nationalism and Force.
Reforming European Society.
The Second Empire in France, 1852-70.
The Victorian Compromise.
The Politics of Leadership.
Changing Values and the Force of New Ideas.
The Politics of Homemaking.
Realism in the Arts.
Charles Darwin and the New Science.
Karl Marx and the Science of Society.
A New Revolution?
Special Feature: A Working Woman.
The Emancipation Proclamation, 1861.
On the Origins of Species.
Red Women in Paris.
24. The Crisis of European Culture, 1871-1914.
Speeding to the Future.
European Economy and the Politics of Mass Society.
Regulating Boom and Bust.
Challenging Liberal England.
Political Struggles in Germany.
Political Scandals and Mass Politics in France.
Defeating Liberalism in Austria.
Outsiders in Mass Politics.
Feminists and Politics.
The Jewish Question and Zionism.
Workers and Minorities on the Margins.
Shaping the New Consciousness.
The Authority of Science.
Establishing the Social Sciences.
The "New Woman" and the New Consciousness.
The New Consumption.
Special Feature: Sigmund Freud, Explorer of Dreams.
"Angel" or Woman?
25. Europe and The World, 1870-1914.
The Politics of Mapmaking.
The European Balance of Power, 1870-1914.
The Geopolitics of Europe.
The Instability of the Alliance System.
The New Imperialism.
The Technology of Empire.
Motives for Empire.
The European Search for Territory and Markets.
The Scramble for Africa: Diplomacy and Conflict.
Gold, Empire-Building, and the Boer War.
Imperialism in Asia.
Results of a European-Dominated World.
A World Economy.
Race and Culture.
Women and Imperialism.
Ecology and Imperialism.
Special Feature: African Political Heroes and Imperial Resistance to the Scramble.
Leopold II of Belgium, Speech to an International Conference of Geographers, 12 September 1876.
Joseph Chamberlain's Speech to the Birmingham Relief Association.
Karl Pearson and the Defense of Eugenics.
26. War and Revolution, 1914-1920.
Selling the Great War.
The War Europe Expected.
Separating Friends from Foes.
Assassination at Sarajevo.
A New Kind of Warfare.
Technology and the Trenches.
The Battle of the Marne.
War on the Eastern Front.
War on the Western Front.
War on the Periphery.
Adjusting to the Unexpected: Total War.
Mobilizing the Home Front.
Turning Point and Victory, 1917-18.
Reshaping Europe: After War and Revolution.
Settling the Peace.
Revolution in Russia, 1917-20.
Special Feature: The Women Who Started the Russian Revolution.
"All Quiet on the Western Front".
War at Home.
Proclamation of the "Whites," 8 July 1918.
27. The European Search for Stability, 1920-1939.
The School of Hard Knocks and Inflation.
Geographical Tour: Europe after 1918..
New Nation States, New Problems.
France's Search for Security.
The United States in Europe.
Crisis and Collapse in a World Economy.
International Loans and Trade Barriers.
The Great Depression.
The Soviet Union's Separate Path.
The Soviet Regime at the End of the Civil War.
The New Economic Policy, 1921-28.
Stalin's Rise to Power.
The First Five-Year Plan.
The Comintern, Economic Development, and the Purges.
Women and the Family in the New Soviet State.
The Rise of Fascist Dictatorship in Italy.
Mussolini's Plans for Empire.
Hitler and the Third Reich.
Hitler's Rise to Power.
Propaganda, Racism, and Culture.
Democracies in Crisis.
The Failure of the Left in France.
Muddling Through in Great Britain.
The Spanish Republic as Battleground.
Special Feature: The Screams From Guernica.
The Depression for Women.
The Law on the Abolition of Legal Abortion, 1936.
Adolf Hitler on "Racial Purity".
28. Global Conflagration: Hot War and Cold War.
The Coming of World War II.
Hitler's Foreign Policy and Appeasement.
Hitler's War, 1939-41.
Collaboration and Resistance.
Racism and Destruction.
Enforcing Nazi Racial Policies.
The Destruction of Europe's Jews.
The Soviet Union's Great Patriotic War.
The United States Enters the War.
Winning the War in Europe.
Japanese War Aims and Assumptions.
Winning the War in the Pacific.
The Fate of Allied Cooperation: 1945.
Regulating the Cold War.
The Two Superpowers.
The Two Germanys and the World in Two Blocs.
Special Feature: The Atomic Wasteland.
Manifesto of the Jewish Resistance in Vilna, September 1943.
President Franklin Roosevelt's Request for a Declaration of War on Japan, 8 December 1941.
Japan's Declaration of War on the United States and Great Britain, 8 December 1941.
The Iron Curtain.
29. Postwar Recovery and New Europe, to 1989.
The Problem: Europe in Ruins.
The Solutions of the Soviet Union and the United States.
Administering the Marshall Plan.
Western European Economic Integration.
Creating the Welfare State.
Prosperity and Consumption in the West.
The Eastern Bloc and Recovery.
Youth Culture and the "Generation Gap".
Prosperity and Protest.
The Protests of 1968.
Toppling Communism in the Soviet Union.
Détente: The Soviets and the West.
The End of the Soviet Union.
Special Feature: Dismantling Empires.
The Marshall Plan.
Report to the Twentieth Party Congress.
The Second Sex.
"Subterranean Homesick Blues".
30. The West Faces the New Century, 1989 to the Present.
Lost in Space.
Russia and the New Republics.
The Chechen Challenge.
The Unification of Germany.
Eastern Europe: Nationalism and Ethnicity.
War in the Balkans.
The History of Ethnic Differences.
The War for a "Greater" Serbia.
Kosovo and the Ongoing Balkans Conflict.
The West in the Global Community.
European Union and the American Superpower.
A New Working Class: Foreign Workers.
Women's Changing Lives.
The Threat of Terrorism.
Special Feature: Television, Computers and the Media Revolution.
Career Advancement, Communist-Style.
A Refugee's Story.
The Return of Fascism?