Clashing Views on Environmental Issues / Edition 13

Clashing Views on Environmental Issues / Edition 13

by Thomas A. Easton
     
 

ISBN-10: 0073514446

ISBN-13: 9780073514444

Pub. Date: 03/14/2008

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The

Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Environmental Issues, Thirteenth Edition, is a debate-style reader designed to introduce students to controversies in environmental policy and science. The readings, which represent the arguments of leading environmentalists, scientists, and policy makers, reflect opposing positions and have been selected for their liveliness and

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Overview

Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Environmental Issues, Thirteenth Edition, is a debate-style reader designed to introduce students to controversies in environmental policy and science. The readings, which represent the arguments of leading environmentalists, scientists, and policy makers, reflect opposing positions and have been selected for their liveliness and substance and because of their value in a debate framework.

For each issue, the editor provides a concise introduction and postscript summary. The introduction sets the stage for the debate as it is argued in the "yes" and "no" readings. The postscript briefly reviews the opposing opinions and suggests additional readings on the controversial issue under discussion.

By requiring students to analyze contradictory positions and reach considered judgments, Taking Sides actively develops students' critical thinking skills. It is this development of critical thinking skills that is the ultimate purpose of each of the volumes in the widely acclaimed Taking Sides program.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780073514444
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date:
03/14/2008
Series:
Taking Sides Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
5.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)
Lexile:
1450L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Preface

Correlation Guide

Introduction

Unit 1 Environmental Philosophy 1

Issue 1 Is the Precautionary Principle a Sound Approach to Risk Analysis? 2

Yes: Nancy Myers, from "The Rise of the Precautionary Principle: A Social Movement Gathers Strength," Multinational Monitor (September 2004) 4

No: Bernard D. Goldstein, from "The Precautionary Principle: Is It a Threat to Toxicological Science?" International Journal of Toxicology (January/February 2006) 13

Issue 2 Is Sustainable Development Compatible with Human Welfare? 22

Yes: Jeremy Rifkin, from "The European Dream: Building Sustainable Development in a Globally Connected World," E Magazine (March/April 2005) 24

No: Ronald Bailey, from "Wilting Greens," Reason (December 2002) 32

Issue 3 Should a Price Be Put on the Goods and Services Provided by the World's Ecosystems? 37

Yes: John E. Losey and Mace Vaughan, from "The Economic Value of Ecological Services Provided by Insects," BioScience (April 2006) 39

No: Marino Gatto and Giulio A. De Leo, from "Pricing Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: The Never-Ending Story," BioScience (April 2000) 51

Unit 2 Principles Versus Politics 63

Issue 4 Should the Endangered Species Act Be Strengthened? 64

Yes: John Kostyack, from "Testimony before the Oversight Hearing on the Endangered Species Act," U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works (May 19, 2005) 66

No: Monita Fontaine, from "Testimony before the Oversight Hearing on the Endangered Species Act," U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works (May 19, 2005) 74

Issue 5 Should the EPA Be Doing More to Fight Environmental Injustice? 81

Yes:Robert D. Bullard, from "Environmental Justice Programs," Statement before the Subcommittee on Superfund and Environmental Health, Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works (July 25, 2007) 83

No: Granta Y. Nakayama, from "Environmental Justice Programs," Statement before the Subcommittee on Superfund and Environmental Health, Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works (July 25, 2007) 89

Issue 6 Can Pollution Rights Trading Effectively Control Environmental Problems? 96

Yes: James Allen and Anthony White, from "Carbon Trading," Electric Perspectives (September/October 2005) 98

No: Brian Tokar, from "Trading Away the Earth: Pollution Credits and the Perils of 'Free Market Environmentalism,'" Dollars & Sense (March/April 1996) 106

Unit 3 Energy Issues 117

Issue 7 Should the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Be Opened to Oil Drilling? 118

Yes: Dwight R. Lee, from "To Drill or Not to Drill," The Independent Review (Fall 2001) 120

No: Jeff Bingaman, et al., from Senate Energy Committee (October 24, 2005) 129

Issue 8 Is Global Warming Skepticism Just Smoke and Mirrors? 136

Yes: Seth Schulman et al., from "Smoke, Mirrors & Hot Air: How ExxonMobil Uses Big Tobacco's Tactics to Manufacture Uncertainty on Climate Science," Union of Concerned Scientists (January 2007) 138

No: Ivan Osorio, Iain Murray, and Myron Ebell, from "Liberal 'Scientists' Lead Jihad against Global-Warming Skeptics," Human Events (May 8, 2007) 156

Issue 9 Is Wind Power Green? 166

Yes: Charles Komanoff, from "Whither Wind?" Orion (September/October 2006) 168

No: Jon Boone, from "The Wayward Wind?," speech given in the township of Perry, near Silver Lake, Wyoming County, New York (June 19, 2006) 177

Issue 10 Should Cars Be More Efficient? 190

Yes: David Friedman, from "CAFE Standards," Testimony before Committee on Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation (March 6, 2007) 192

No: Charli E. Coon, from "Why the Government's CAFE Standards for Fuel Efficiency Should Be Repealed, Not Increased," The Heritage Foundation Backgrounder (July 11, 2001) 200

Issue 11 Do Biofuels Enhance Energy Security? 205

Yes: Bob Dinneen, from "Testimony before Committee on Senate Energy and Natural Resources" (April 12, 2007) 207

No: Mark Anslow, from "Biofuels-Facts and Fiction," The Ecologist (March 2007) 213

Issue 12 Is It Time to Revive Nuclear Power? 220

Yes: Michael J. Wallace, from "Testimony before the United States Senate Committee on Energy & Natural Resources, Hearing on the Department of Energy's Nuclear Power 2010 Program" (April 26, 2005) 222

No: Karen Charman, from "Brave Nuclear World, Part II" World Watch (July/August 2006) 229

Unit 4 Food and Population 243

Issue 13 Do Falling Birthrates Pose a Threat to Human Welfare? 244

Yes: Michael Meyer, from "Birth Dearth," Newsweek (September 27, 2004) 246

No: David Nicholson-Lord, from "The Fewer the Better," New Statesman (November 8, 2004) 252

Issue 14 Is Genetic Engineering the Answer to Hunger? 258

Yes: Gerald D. Coleman, from "Is Genetic Engineering the Answer to Hunger?" America (February 21, 2005) 260

No: Sean McDonagh, from "Genetic Engineering Is Not the Answer," America (May 2, 2005) 264

Issue 15 Is a Large-Scale Shift to Organic Farming the Best Way to Increase World Food Supply? 270

Yes: Brian Halweil, from "Can Organic Farming Feed Us All?" World Watch (May/June 2006) 272

No: John J. Miller, from "The Organic Myth: A Food Movement Makes a Pest of Itself," National Review (February 9, 2004) 281

Unit 5 Toxic Chemicals 289

Issue 16 Should DDT Be Banned Worldwide? 290

Yes: Anne Platt McGinn, from "Malaria, Mosquitoes, and DDT," World Watch (May/June 2002) 292

No: Donald R. Roberts, from "Statement before the U.S. Senate Committee on Environment & Public Works, Hearing on the Role of Science in Environmental Policy-Making" (September 28, 2005) 300

Issue 17 Do Environmental Hormone Mimics Pose a Potentially Serious Health Threat? 311

Yes: Michele L. Trankina, from "The Hazards of Environmental Estrogens," The World & I (October 2001) 313

No: Michael Gough, from "Endocrine Disrupters, Politics, Pesticides, the Cost of Food and Health," Daily Commentary (December 15, 1997) 319

Issue 18 Is the Superfund Program Successfully Protecting Human Health from Hazardous Materials? 328

Yes: Robert H. Harris, Jay Vandeven, and Mike Tilchin, from "Superfund Matures Gracefully," Issues in Science & Technology (Summer 2003) 330

No: Randall Patterson, from "Not in Their Backyard," Mother Jones (May/June 2007) 334

Issue 19 Should the United States Reprocess Spent Nuclear Fuel? 343

Yes: Phillip J. Finck, from "Statement before the House Committee on Science, Energy Subcommittee, Hearing on Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing," United States Senate (June 16, 2005) 345

No: Matthew Bunn, from "The Case against a Near-Term Decision to Reprocess Spent Nuclear Fuel in the United States," United States Senate (June 16, 2005) 352

Contributors 362

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