Classic Experiments In Psychology

Classic Experiments In Psychology

by Douglas Mook
     
 

ISBN-10: 0313318212

ISBN-13: 9780313318214

Pub. Date: 10/01/2004

Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated

The typical survey course in psychology has time for only limited presentation of the research on which our knowledge is based. As a result, many students come away with a limited understanding of the role of experiments in psychological science. Where do experiments come from and how are they conducted? What are the pitfalls and how can we avoid them? What

Overview

The typical survey course in psychology has time for only limited presentation of the research on which our knowledge is based. As a result, many students come away with a limited understanding of the role of experiments in psychological science. Where do experiments come from and how are they conducted? What are the pitfalls and how can we avoid them? What advantages do they have over intuition, authority, and common sense as guides to knowing and acting? What distinguishes research-based psychology from psychobabble? What have we learned from experimentation in psychology?

This book presents, in more depth than textbook treatment permits, the background, conduct, and implications of a selection of classic experiments in psychology. The selection is designed to be diverse, showing that even for research in vastly different areas of study, the logic of research remains the same—as do its traps and pitfalls. This book will broaden and deepen the understanding of experimental methods in psychological research, examining where the research questions come from, how questions can be turned into experiments, and how researchers have faced the problems presented by research in psychology.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780313318214
Publisher:
ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date:
10/01/2004
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
380
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.88(d)

Table of Contents

Introductory

About Experiments

A Brief History of Experimental Psychology

Psychobiology

Herman von Helmholtz and the Nerve Impulse

Paul Broca and the Speech Center

Karl Lashley: Brain Mechanisms and Learning

James Olds: Reward Systems in the Brain

Vincent Dethier: Feeding in a Fly

S. P. Grossman: Chemical Coding in the Brain

Roger Sperry and the Bisected Brain

Motivation and Emotion

Neal Miller: Fear as a Learnable Drive

Neal Miller: Conflict

David McClelland on Achievement Motivation

Harry Harlow: A Tale of Two Mothers

Nikolaas Tinbergen: The Study of Instinct

Teitelbaum and Epstein: Hunger, Thirst, and the Brain

Schachter and Singer: Cognition and Emotion

Herman and Polivy: Human Hunger and Cognition

Walter Mischel and Self Control

Learning

Edward Thorndike and the Law of Effect

Ivan Pavlov and Classical Conditioning

Wolfgang Kohler and the Mentality of Apes

Edward Tolman and Cognitive Maps

B. F. Skinner and Operant Conditioning

John Garcia: Conditioned Taste Aversion

Albert Bandura: Imitation and Social Learning

Gordon Paul: Learning Theory in the Clinic

Martin Seligman: Learned Helplessness

Lepper et al.: The Costs of Reward

Memory

Hermann Ebbinghaus on Memory

Frederic Bartlett: Meaning and Memory

Brenda Milner and the Case of H. M.

Lloyd and Margaret Peterson: Short-term Forgetting

Elizabeth Loftus: Leading Questions and False Memories

Gordon Bower on State-dependent Memory

Collins and Quillian: The Structure of Semantic Memory

Cognition

F. C. Donders and Reaction Time

The Cautionary Tale of Clever Hans

A. S. Luchins: On Not Being Mindless

George Miller on the Magic Number 7

Festinger and Carlsmith: Cognitive Dissonance

Roger Shepard and Mental Rotation

Richard Herrnstein: Concepts in Pigeons

Tversky and Kahneman: The Framing of Decisions

Perception

Ernst Weber: The Muscle Sense and Weber's Law

Gustav Fechner and the Measurement of Mind

Max Wertheimer on Apparent Movement

Selig Hecht and Adaptation to the Dark H. K. Hartline: Lateral Inhibition in the Retina

Georg von Bekesy: The Mechanics of Hearing

Jerome Bruner: Motivation and Perception

Gibson and Walk: The Visual Cliff

Lettvin et al.: What the Frog's Eye Tells the Frog's Brain

Social Psychology

Theodore Newcomb: Attitude Change at College

Muzafer Sherif: Prejudice and the Robbers' Cave

Kurt Lewin: Tensions in the Life Space

Solomon Asch on Conformity

Festinger et al.: When Prophesy Fails

Stanley Milgram on Obedience to Authority

Latane and Darley: The Unresponsive Bystander

Benjamin Franklin: Mesmer and Animal Magnetism

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