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Classical Fortran: Programming for Engineering and Scientific Applications, Second Edition / Edition 2

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Classical FORTRAN: Programming for Engineering and Scientific Applications, Second Edition teaches how to write programs in the Classical dialect of FORTRAN, the original and still most widely recognized language for numerical computing. This edition retains the conversational style of the original, along with its simple, carefully chosen subset language and its focus on floating-point calculations.

New to the Second Edition

  • Additional case study on file I/O
  • More about CPU timing on Pentium processors
  • More about the g77 compiler and Linux

With numerous updates and revisions throughout, this second edition continues to use case studies and examples to introduce the language elements and design skills needed to write graceful, correct, and efficient programs for real engineering and scientific applications. After reading this book, students will know what statements to use and where as well as why to avoid the others, helping them become expert FORTRAN programmers.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781420059076
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 1/12/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 576
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Table of Contents


Why Study Programming?

The Evolution of FORTRAN

Why Study FORTRAN?

Classical FORTRAN

About This Book

Advice to Instructors

About the Author



Hello, World!

Case Study: A First FORTRAN Program

Compiling the Program

Running a Program in UNIX


Expressions and Assignment Statements


Variables and Variable Names

Arithmetic Operators

Function References


Assignment Statements



Conditionals and Branching


The GO TO Statement

The IF-THEN Construct

The Logical IF Statement

Flowcharting Reconsidered

Additional Examples


Scalar Data Types



Roundoff Errors

Type Conversions

Case Study: Computing the Sine

Other Data Types

Some Special Values

Architectural Variations


Arrays and DO Loops


The DO Loop


The Rules of DO Loops

Array Dimensioning

Case Study: Matrix Multiplication



SUBROUTINE Subprograms

Call by Reference

FUNCTION Subprograms

Case Study: Bisection

Detecting First Entry

FORTRAN, System, and Library Routines

Conclusion and Omissions

Adjustable Dimensions and EXTERNAL

Adjustable Dimensions


Summary and Omissions


Passing Data Through

Passing Data Around


Formal Parameters and COMMON

Arrays in COMMON



Input and Output


Case Study: Descriptive Statistics

Implied DO Loops

Unit Assignments

Descriptive Statistics Revisited

Positioning in Files

Case Study: Merging Files

Unformatted I/O

Cautions and Omissions

Character Variables

How Characters Are Stored

Writing Out and Reading In Character Variables

Editing Character Strings

Object-Time FORMATs

Case Study: QUERY

CHARACTER Variables in Other Contexts

Character Graphics


Memory Management Techniques

Passing Array Columns

Partitioning Workspace

Sharing Workspace

Sharing Constant Data

Storing a Symmetric Matrix

Sparse Matrix Techniques

Linked Lists

Omissions and Caveats

Design, Documentation, and Coding Style

The Craft of Programming



Coding Style


Testing, Revision, and Maintenance

Conclusion and Omissions

Archaic, Unusual, and Dangerous Usages

Source Form

Expressions and Assignment Statements

Conditionals and Transfer of Control

Scalar Data Types

Arrays and DO Loops


Adjustable Dimensions and EXTERNAL


Input and Output

Character Variables

Case Study: A Legacy Code

Conclusion and Omissions

UNIX Issues

Using the Compiler

Operating System Services

Debugging and dbx

Automatic Compilation with make


Writing Custom Manual Pages


Measuring and Maximizing Serial Execution Speed

Measuring Serial Execution Speed

Tuning FORTRAN Source Code


Vector and Parallel Processing

Vector Processing

Parallel Processing


Modern Fortran and HPF


High Performance Fortran

The Future of FORTRAN

Some Utility Routines

Number-Numeral Conversions

String Insertions

Attaching a File

Arithmetic with Two-Part Values

Measuring CPU Time

A Shell Script for Global Edits

Caveats and Omissions



Exercises appear at the end of each chapter.

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