CLASSICS IN AMERICAN GOVERNMENT is a readable and relatively brief collection of many of the most important readings in American government. This set of documents were written by revolutionaries, presidents, U.S. Supreme Court judges, historians, political scientists, journalists, and politicians?but all share the commonality of recognized importance. Each selection is generally acknowledged to be a major statement about some aspect of American government, hence their designation as "classics."
Jay M. Shafritz is Professor of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania. He is the author, co-author, or editor of over forty textbooks and reference books on business and public administration. He holds a doctorate from Temple University and an MPA from the Baruch College of the City University of New York.
Lee S. Weinberg is an attorney and Associate Professor of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh. He is the author or co-author, or editor of four books and over a hundred articles in newspapers, magazines, and journals. He holds a doctorate in political science and a J.D. degree from the University of Pittsburgh.
SECTION I: THE CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
1.The Mayflower Compact
2.The First American Feminist, Abigail Adams
3.The Declaration of Independence
4.The Constitution of the United States
5.Explaining the Separation of Powers, James Madison
6.Controlling Tyrannical Majorities, Alexis de Tocqueville
7.An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution, Charles A. Beard
8.An African-American's Perspective on the Constitution, Thurgood Marshall. Section I Review Questions.
SECTION II: FEDERALISM
9.Defending A Republican Form of Government, James Madison
10.The Necessary and Proper Clause, McCulloch v. Maryland
11.Interpreting the Commerce Clause, Gibbons v. Ogden
12.Dual Federalism, James Bryce
13.The Marble Cake Theory of Federalism, Mortin Grodzins. Section II Review Questions.
SECTION III: CIVIL LIBERTIES
14.Incorporation of the First Amendment, Gitlow v. New York
15.Extending the Right to Counsel to the State Courts, Gideon v. Wainwright
16.Custodial Interrogations, Miranda v. Arizona
17.Extending the Exclusionary Rule to the States' Courts, Mapp v. Ohio
18.The Good Faith Exception, Massachusetts v. Shepard
19.Right to Privacy, Griswold v. Connecticut
20.Legalizing Abortion, Roe v. Wade
21.State Regulation of Abortion, Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
22.Burning the American Flag, Texas v. Johnson. Section III Review Questions.
SECTION IV: CIVIL RIGHTS
23.Challenging the Status Quo, Frederick Douglas
24.Separate But Equal Facilities, Plessy v. Ferguson
25.Desegregating the Schools, Brown v. Board of Education
26.Reapportionment and Equal Representation, Baker v. Carr
27.Race in the 1990s, CornelWest. Section IV Review Questions.
SECTION V: PUBLIC OPINION. 28. The Pseudo-Environment of Public Opinion, Walter Lippmann. 29. Polling the Public, George Gallup. 30. What Do Americans Really Believe?, James W. Prothro and Charles M. Grigg. 31. Leaders Mold and Influence Public Opinion, V. O. Key, Jr. 32. The Paranoid Style in American Politics, Richard Hofstader. Section V Review Questions.
SECTION VI: POLITICAL
PARTIES. 33. Urban Political Machines, Harold Gosnell. 34. Responsible Party Government, The American Political Science Association. 35. The Decline of Responsible Party Government, Morris Fiorina. 36. Electoral Bias of the Two-Party System, Maurice Duverger. 37. The Socialization of Conflict, E. E. Schattschneider. 38. The Emerging Republican Majority, Kevin Phillips. Section VI Review Questions.
SECTION VII: ELECTIONS AND VOTERS. 39. Women and the Right to Vote, Susan B. Anthony. 40. Holding Your District, George Washington Plunkitt. 41. Selling Candidates as Products, Joe McGinniss. 42. Critical Realigning Elections, Walter Dean Burnham. 43. Dirty Politics, Kathleen Hall Jamieson. Section VII Review Questions.
SECTION VIII: LOBBYISTS AND INTEREST GROUPS. 44.Controlling Factions, James Madison. 45. The Concurrnet Majority, John C. Calhoun. 46. Defending Pluralist Politics, David B. Truman. 47. Attacking Pluralist Politics, Theodore J. Lowi. Section VIII Review Questions.
SECTION IX: MASS MEDIA. 48. Language and Politics, George Orwell. 49. The Kennedy-Nixon TV Debates, Theodore H. White. 50. Pseudo-Events, Daniel Boorstin. 51. Political Symbols, Murray Edelman. Section IX Review Questions.
SECTION X: THE CONGRESS. 52. Representing the Nation, Edmund Burke. 53. The Framers' View of Representation, James Madison. 54. Constituency Representation, Richard F. Fenno. 55. Popular Congressman and Unpopular Congress, Glenn R. Parker and Roger H. Davidson. 56. How Congress Saved Chrysler, Tip O'Neill. Section X Review Questions.
SECTION XI: THE PRESIDENCY. 57. Creating the Presidency, Alexander Hamilton. 58. The Prerogative Theory of the Presidency, Abraham Lincoln. 59. The Stewardship Theory of the Presidency, Theodore Roosevelt. 60. The Literalist Theory of the Presidency, William Howard Taft. 61. The Presidential Power to Persuade, Richard Neustadt. 62. The Two Presidencies, Aaron Wildavsky. 63. Executive Privilege, United States v. Nixon. 64. Suing the President, William Jefferson Clinton v. Paula Corbin Jones. Section XI Review Question.
SECTION XII: THE SUPREME COURT. 65. Defending the Judiciary, Alexander Hamilton. 66. Establishing Judicial Review, Marbury v. Madison. 67. Defining the Court's Jurisdiction, Ashwander v. Tennessee Valley Authority. 68. The Democratic Character of Judicial Review, Eugene Rostow. 69. The Least Dangerous Branch Indeed, Alexander M. Bickel. Section XII Review Questions.
SECTION XIII: THE BUREAUCRACY. 70. The Nature of Bureaucracy, Max Weber. 71. Bureaucracy and the Public Interest, Pendleton Herring. 72. Incompetence in Bureaucracy, Lawrence J. Peter and Raymond Hull. 73. Street-Level Bureaucrats, Michael Lipsky. 74. Police Bureaucrats and Crime, James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling. 75. The Future of Bureaucracy, Al Gore. Section XIII Review Questions.