Classics Transformed: Schools, Universities, and Society in England, 1830-1960

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This is the first book to give a general account of the transformation of classics in English schools and universities from being the amateur knowledge of the Victorian gentleman to that of the professional scholar, or from an elite social marker to a marginalized academic subject. The challenges to the authority of classics in 19th-century England are analyzed, as are the many and various ideological responses of its practitioners. The impact of university reform on the content and organization of classical knowledge is described in detail, with special reference to Cambridge. Chapters are devoted to the effects of state intervention, social snobbery, and democracy on the provision of classics in schools, and the dissensions within the bodies set up to defend it. The narrative runs clear up to the present, fully covering along the way the abolition of Compulsory Latin in 1960 and the absence of classics from the National Curriculum in 1988.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780198150138
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 4/28/1998
  • Pages: 352
  • Lexile: 1500L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 8.60 (w) x 5.70 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Introduction 1
1 Classics in Nineteenth-Century England: Nature and Origins 7
2 The Classical System 30
3 Transmitting the Message: The Dynamics of Closure and Solidarity 46
4 Competition, Challenge, and the Erosion of Classical Authority 83
5 From Liberal Education to Learning: The Growth of Academic Scholarship 117
6 Culture and Specialization in Cambridge 141
7 Class, Schools, and the State, 1870-1902 167
8 Redefining the Classical: Varieties of Hellenism and the Rise of Discipline 202
9 The Politics of Cultural Pluralism: State Intervention and the Defence of Classics, 1902-1922 235
10 Discipline, Specialism, and Hierarchy: The Realm of Latin, 1920-1960 271
Bibliography 298
Index 331
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