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This resource will not only help educators learn how to build positive classroom communities, but they’ll also find out how to involve students in the creation of their learning environment. It helps them gain a practical understanding of what can be accomplished utilizing the technical aspects of classroom management. New practical examples are included to cover situations that are currently found in today’s classrooms. The pages have also been updated with the latest research in the field. In addition, information is presented on discipline. New tables also show educators how this book addresses professional standards from INTASC, Praxis II Principles of Teaching and Learning, Praxis III, and NBPTS.
1. Understanding Management and Discipline in the Classroom.
A Community of Learners.
What Is Classroom Management?
Order in the Classroom.
Areas of Responsibility.
Misbehavior in Context.
Types of Misbehavior.
Causes of Misbehavior.
Degrees of Severity.
Principles for Working with Students and Preventing Misbehavior.
What Effective Behavior Management Accomplishes.
2. Models of Discipline.
The Degree of Control.
Low Teacher Control Approaches.
Congruent Communication: Haim Ginott.
Discipline as Self-Control: Thomas Gordon.
Teaching with Love and Logic: Jim Fay and David Funk.
Inner Discipline: Barbara Coloroso.
From Discipline to Community: Alfie Kohn.
Medium Teacher Control Approaches.
Logical Consequences: Rudolf Dreikurs.
Cooperative Discipline: Linda Albert.
Positive Discipline: Jane Nelsen, Lynn Lott, and Stephen Glenn.
Noncoercive Discipline: William Glasser.
Discipline with Dignity: Richard Curwin, Allen Mendler, and Brian Mendler.
Win–Win Discipline: Spencer Kagan.
High Teacher Control Approaches.
Behavior Modification: B. F. Skinner.
Assertive Discipline: Lee and Marlene Canter.
Positive Discipline: Fredric Jones.
Discipline Without Stress: Marvin Marshall.
Determining Your Management Plan.
Your Management Philosophy.
Your Management Plan.
3. Preparing for the School Year.
Preparing for the School Year.
Making Management Preparations.
Making Instructional Preparations.
Managing Assessment, Record Keeping, and Reporting.
Establishing a Plan to Deal with Misbehavior.
Planning for the First Day.
Conducting the First Day.
Organizing Your Classroom and Materials.
Bulletin Boards and Wall Space.
4. Planning to Work with Families.
Reasons for Working with Families.
Why Some Families Resist Involvement.
Working through Cultural and Language Differences.
Building a Family Support System.
Contacting and Communicating with Families.
Ways to Communicate with Families.
5. Choosing Rules and Procedures.
Rules in the Classroom.
Examine the Need for Rules.
Select the Rules.
Teach and Review the Rules.
Procedures in the Classroom.
Examine the Need for Procedures.
Select the Procedures.
Teach and Review the Procedures.
6. Maintaining Appropriate Student Behavior.
Having a Mental Set for Management.
Building Positive Teacher–Student Relationships.
Level of Dominance.
Level of Cooperation.
Types of Students.
Interacting with Students.
Managing Whole-Group Instruction.
Managing Movement Through the Lesson.
Maintaining a Group Focus.
Helping Students Assume Responsibility for Their Behavior.
Maintaining Student Attention and Involvement.
Improving Classroom Climate with Reinforcers.
Types of Reinforcers.
Using Reinforcers Effectively.
7. Motivating Students to Learn.
Planning for Motivation.
Motivational Strategies for Instruction.
Motivational Strategies for Evaluation and Feedback.
8. Addressing Issues of Diversity.
Classroom Management Implications for Diverse Classrooms.
Sources of Student Diversity.
Students at Risk.
Creating an Inclusive, Multicultural Classroom.
Create a Supportive, Caring Environment.
Offer a Responsive Curriculum.
Vary Your Instruction.
Provide Assistance When Needed.
9. Helping Students with Special Needs.
Students with Disabilities.
Students with Learning Disabilities.
Students with Emotional or Behavioral Problems.
Students with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Students with Speech and Language Disorders.
Students with Hearing Impairments.
Students with Visual Impairments.
Students with Physical and Health Impairments.
Students with Limited English Proficiency.
Students Who Are Troubled.
Substance Abuse Students Who Have Been Abused or Neglected.
Students Prone to Violence, Vandalism, and Bullying.
Students Living in Poverty.
Students Facing Serious Challenges.
10. Planning and Conducting Instruction.
Planning Decisions Affect Behavior Management.
The Degree of Structure in Lessons.
Ways to Group Students for Instruction.
Planning to Hold Students Academically Accountable.
Managing Lesson Delivery.
The Beginning of a Lesson.
The Middle of the Lesson.
The Ending of a Lesson.
Managing Student Work.
Managing Seatwork Effectively.
Collecting Assignments and Monitoring.
Maintaining Records of Student Work.
Managing the Paperwork.
Giving Students Feedback.
11. Responding to Inappropriate Behavior.
The Principle of Least Intervention.
Some Practices to Avoid.
Cautions and Guidelines for Punishment.
A Three-Step Response Plan.
Dealing with Chronic Misbehaviors.
12. Dealing with Challenging or Violent Students.
Understanding Challenging and Violent Students.
Early Signs of Serious Problems.
Planning to Work with Challenging and Violent Students.
Teaching Students Alternatives to Disruption and Violence.
Dealing with Anger.
Techniques for Solving Problems.
Developing New Behavioral Skills.
Responding to Disruptive or Violent Behavior.
Approaches to Use in the Classroom.
Seeking Outside Help.
References and Further Readings.