CLEP Western Civilization II: 1648 to the Present



CLEP Western Civilization II

The Most Complete CLEP Western Civilization II Subject Review
Everything you need to know for the CLEP Western Civilization II exam. Comprehensive review chapters completely align with all the...

See more details below
Paperback (First)
$25.33 price
(Save 27%)$34.95 List Price

Pick Up In Store

Reserve and pick up in 60 minutes at your local store

Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (18) from $1.99   
  • New (4) from $20.59   
  • Used (14) from $1.99   
Sending request ...



CLEP Western Civilization II

The Most Complete CLEP Western Civilization II Subject Review
Everything you need to know for the CLEP Western Civilization II exam. Comprehensive review chapters completely align with all the subjects tested on the exam.

The Best CLEP Western Civilization II Practice Exams Available
2 full-length CLEP Western Civilization II practice tests based on official CLEP exam questions released by the College Board.

Total Explanations of Questions & Answers
Each CLEP Western Civilization II practice test comes with detailed feedback on every question. We don’t just say which answers are right – but why the others are wrong – so you’ll be prepared for the CLEP Western Civilization II exam.

Proven Test-Prep Methods
REA’s focused content and practical advice have helped millions succeed on their exams. With our step-by-step plan, you can score high on the CLEP Western Civilization II exam and earn the college credit you deserve!

Get the World’s Most Advanced CLEP Software
REA’s CLEP Western Civilization II TestWare combines a realistic test environment with the most powerful scoring analysis and diagnostic tools available. With every CLEP practice test you take, you’ll gain knowledge and confidence for the real exam. Automatic scoring and instant reports help you zero in on the topics and types of questions that give you trouble now, so you’ll succeed on the CLEP Western Civilization II exam!

What is CLEP?
CLEP is the College Board’s credit-by-examination program for more than 30 subjects. Each exam passed earns the student between 3-12 credits at more than 2,900 colleges and universities in the U.S. and abroad. REA has the largest library of CLEP test preps that can help you earn college credit while saving you valuable time and money.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780738601335
  • Publisher: Research & Education Association
  • Publication date: 12/31/2005
  • Series: CLEP Test Preparation
  • Edition description: First
  • Pages: 300
  • Sales rank: 532,459
  • Product dimensions: 6.32 (w) x 10.30 (h) x 0.85 (d)

Read an Excerpt

About this Book and TestWare®
This book provides you with complete preparation for the CLEP Western Civilization II exam. Inside you will find a targeted review of the subject matter, as well as tips and strategies for test-taking. We also give you two full-length practice tests, which are based on the official CLEP Western Civilization II exam. Our practice tests contain every type of question that you can expect to encounter on the actual exam. Following each practice test you will find an answer key with detailed explanations designed to help you more completely understand the test material.

The practice exams in this book and software package are included in two formats: in printed format in this book, and in TESTware® format on the enclosed CD. We strongly recommend that you begin your preparation with the TESTware® practice exams. The software provides the added benefits of automatic scoring and enforced time conditions.

All CLEP exams are computer-based. As you can see, the practice tests in our book are presented as paper-and-pencil exams. Even so, the content and format of the actual CLEP subject exam are faithfully mirrored.
About the Exam
Who takes the CLEP Western Civilization II and what is it used for?
CLEP (College-Level Examination Program) examinations are typically taken by people who have acquired knowledge outside the classroom and wish to bypass certain college courses and earn college credit. The CLEP is designed to reward students for learning-no matter where or how that knowledge was acquired. The CLEP is the most widely accepted credit-by-examination program in the country, with more than 2,900 colleges and universities granting credit for satisfactory scores on CLEP exams.

Although most CLEP examinees are adults returning to college, many graduating high school seniors, enrolled college students, military personnel, and international students also take the exams to earn college credit or to demonstrate their ability to perform at the college level. There are no prerequisites, such as age or educational status, for taking CLEP examinations. However, because policies on granting credits vary among colleges, you should contact the particular institution from which you wish to receive CLEP credit.

Who administers the exam?
The CLEP tests are developed by the College Board, administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS), and involve the assistance of educators throughout the United States. The test development process is designed and implemented to ensure that the content and difficulty level of the test are appropriate.

When and where is the exam given?
The CLEP Western Civilization II is administered each month throughout the year at more than 1,300 test centers in the United States and can be arranged for candidates abroad on request. To find the test center nearest you and to register for the exam, you should obtain a copy of the free booklets CLEP Colleges and CLEP Information for Candidates and Registration Form. They are available at most colleges where CLEP credit is granted, or by contacting:

CLEP Services
P.O. Box 6600
Princeton, NJ 08541-6600
Phone: (800) 257-9558
Fax: (609) 771-75088

Military personnel and CLEP
CLEP exams are available free-of-charge to eligible military personnel and eligible civilian employees. The College Board has developed a paper-based version of 14 high volume/high pass rate CLEP tests for DANTES Test Centers. Contact the Educational Services Officer or Navy College Education Specialist for more information. Visit the College Board website for details about CLEP opportunities for military personnel.

How to Use this Book

What do I study first?

Read over the course review and the suggestions for test-taking, take the first practice test to determine your area(s) of weakness, and then go back and focus your study on those specific problems. Studying the reviews thoroughly will reinforce the basic skills you will need to do well on the exam. Make sure to take the practice tests to become familiar with the format and procedures involved with taking the actual exam.

To best utilize your study time, follow our Independent Study Schedule, which you'll find in the front of this book. The schedule is based on a four-week program, but can be condensed to two weeks if necessary by collapsing each two-week period into one.

When should I start studying?

It is never too early to start studying for the CLEP Western Civilization II. The earlier you begin, the more time you will have to sharpen your skills. Do not procrastinate! Cramming is not an effective way to study, since it does not allow you the time needed to learn the test material. The sooner you learn the format of the exam, the more time you will have to familiarize yourself with it.

Format and content of the CLEP

The CLEP Western Civilization II covers the material one would be taught in the second semester of a two-semester course in Western Civilization. The exam questions cover European history from the seventeenth century through the post-Second World War period, including political, economic, and cultural developments.

The exam consists of 120 multiple-choice questions, each with five possible answer choices, to be answered within 90 minutes.

The approximate breakdown of topics is as follows:
7-9% Absolutism and Constitutionalism, 1648-1715
4-6% Competition for empire and economic expansion
5-7% The scientific view of the world
7-9% Period of Enlightenment
10-13%Revolution and Napoleonic Europe
7-9% The Industrial Revolution
6-8% Political and cultural developments, 1815-1848
8-10% Politics and diplomacy in the Age of Nationalism, 1850-1914
7-9% Economy, culture, and imperialism, 1850-1914
10-12%The First World War and the Russian Revolution
7-9% Europe between the wars
8-10% The Second World War and contemporary Europe


The review in this book provides you with a complete background of all the important persons, events and developments of Western Civilization from the seventeenth century through post-Second World War. It will help reinforce the facts you have already learned while better shaping your understanding of the discipline as a whole. By using the review in conjunction with the practice tests, you should be well prepared to take the CLEP Western Civilization II.

Scoring your practice tests

How do I score my practice tests?

The CLEP Western Civilization II is scored on a scale of 20 to 80. To score your practice tests, count up the number of correct answers. This is your total raw score. Convert your raw score to a scaled score using the conversion table on the previous page. (Note: The conversion table provides only an estimate of your scaled score. Scaled scores can and do vary over time, and in no case should a sample test be taken as a precise predictor of test performance. Nonetheless, our scoring table allows you to judge your level of performance within a reasonable scoring range.)

When will I receive my score report?

The test administrator will print out a full Candidate Score Report for you immediately upon your completion of the exam (except for CLEP English Composition with Essay). Your scores are reported only to you, unless you ask to have them sent elsewhere. If you want your scores reported to a college or other institution, you must say so when you take the examination. Since your scores are kept on file for 20 years, you can also request transcripts from Educational Testing Service at a later date.

Studying for the CLEP

It is very important for you to choose the time and place for studying that works best for you. Some students may set aside a certain number of hours every morning, while others may choose to study at night before going to sleep. Other students may study during the day, while waiting on a line, or even while eating lunch. Only you can determine when and where your study time will be most effective. But be consistent and use your time wisely. Work out a study routine and stick to it!

When you take the practice tests, try to make your testing conditions as much like the actual test as possible. Turn your television and radio off, and sit down at a quiet table free from distraction. Make sure to time yourself. Start off by setting a timer for the time that is allotted for each section, and be sure to reset the timer for the appropriate amount of time when you start a new section.

As you complete each practice test, score your test and thoroughly review the explanations to the questions you answered incorrectly; however, do not review too much at one time. Concentrate on one problem area at a time by reviewing the question and explanation, and by studying our review until you are confident that you completely understand the material.

Keep track of your scores and mark them on the Scoring Worksheet. By doing so, you will be able to gauge your progress and discover general weaknesses in particular sections. You should carefully study the reviews that cover your areas of difficulty, as this will build your skills in those areas.

Test-Taking tips

Although you may not be familiar with computer-based standardized tests such as the CLEP Western Civilization II, there are many ways to acquaint yourself with this type of examination and to help alleviate your test-taking anxieties. Listed below are ways to help you become accustomed to the CLEP, some of which may be applied to other standardized tests as well.

Read all of the possible answers. Just because you think you have found the correct response, do not automatically assume that it is the best answer. Read through each choice to be sure that you are not making a mistake by jumping to conclusions.

Use the process of elimination. Go through each answer to a question and eliminate as many of the answer choices as possible. By eliminating just two answer choices, you give yourself a better chance of getting the item correct, since there will only be three choices left from which to make your guess. Remember, your score is based only on the number of questions you answer correctly.

Work quickly and steadily. You will have only 90 minutes to work on 120 questions, so work quickly and steadily to avoid focusing on any one question too long. Taking the practice tests in this book will help you learn to budget your time.

Acquaint yourself with the computer screen. Familiarize yourself with the CLEP computer screen beforehand by logging on to the College Board website. Waiting until test day to see what it looks like in the pretest tutorial risks experiencing needless anxiety into your testing experience. Also, familiarizing yourself with the directions and format of the exam will save you valuable time on the day of the actual test.

Be sure that your answer registers before you go to the next item. Look at the screen to see that your mouse-click causes the pointer to darken the proper oval. This takes less effort than darkening an oval on paper, but don't lull yourself into taking less care!

The Day of the Exam

Preparing for the CLEP

On the day of the test, you should wake up early (hopefully after a decent nights rest) and have a good breakfast. Make sure to dress comfortably, so that you are not distracted by being too hot or too cold while taking the test. Also plan to arrive at the test center early. This will allow you to collect your thoughts and relax before the test, and will also spare you the anxiety that comes with being late. As an added incentive to make sure you arrive early, keep in mind that no one will be allowed into the test session after the test has begun.

Before you leave for the test center, make sure that you have your admission form and another form of identification, which must contain a recent photograph, your name, and signature (i.e., drivers license, student identification card, or current alien registration card). You will not be admitted to the test center if you do not have proper identification.

If you would like, you may wear a watch to the test center. However, you may not wear one that makes noise, because it may disturb the other test-takers. No dictionaries, textbooks, notebooks, briefcases, or packages will be permitted and drinking, smoking, and eating are prohibited.

Good luck on the CLEP Western Civilization II exam!

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents


Independent Study Schedule: CLEP Western Civilization II
Installing REA's TESTware®
Passing the CLEP Western Civilization II Exam
About this Book and TESTware®
About the Exam
How to Use this Book
Format and Content of the CLEP
About Our Course Review
Scoring Your Practice Tests
Practice-Test Raw Score Conversion Table
Studying for the CLEP
Test-Taking Tips
The Day of the Exam

Chapter 1: Absolutism, Constitutionalism, the Dutch Republic, and Russia
Absolutism: Philosophical Background
France and the Reign of Louis XIV
England: The Road to Constitutional Government
England's Civil War
Charles II, James II, and the Glorious Revolution
The Dutch Republic
Peter the Great and the West
For Your Information

Chapter 2: Empires and Conflicts
The First Global Wars
The American Revolution
For Your Information

Chapter 3: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
A Hall of Fame: Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton
Faith and Science: Bacon, Descartes, Pascal, and Leibniz
The Enlightenment
"Enlightened Despots": Catherine the Great, Frederick II, and Joseph II
For Your Information

Chapter 4: The Industrial Revolution
Industrializations Human Impact
For Your Information

Chapter 5: The French Revolution and Napoleonic Europe
The Coming of Revolution
Revolution: Part I
Revolution: Part II
The End of Revolution
The Rise of Napoleon
International Consequences of the Revolution
Napoleon the General and Napoleonic Europe
For Your Information

Chapter 6: Conservatism, Liberalism, and Revolution
Defeating Napoleon
The Rise of Conservatism and Liberalism
France: Revolution, Empire, and Defeat
Nation Building: Italy
Nation Building: Germany
For Your Information

Chapter 7: The Second Industrial Revolution and Shifting Worldviews
The Triumph of Industry
For Your Information

Chapter 8: Imperialism, Nationalism, and Socialism
Setting the Stage for War
The Hapsburg Empire
For Your Information

Chapter 9: The First World War
Origins of War
German Strategy and the Western Front
A Troubled Peace
The War and Social Change
For Your Information

Chapter 10: The Russian Revolution and the Early Soviet Union
The Russian Revolution
Civil War and Its Aftermath
Stalin's Regime, 1927-1939
Stalin and the Road to War

Chapter 11: The Second World War
The Road to War: Mussolini's Italy
The Road to War: Hitler's Germany
The First Year
Anglo-American Alliance
Strategy, the Russo-German War, and Victory
The Holocaust
For Your Information

Chapter 12: The Cold War
Beginnings of the Cold War: 1945-1949
Globalization of the Cold War: 1950-1989
The Space Race
The End of the Cold War
For Your Information

Chapter 13: Western Culture and Politics Since 1945
Post-Soviet Russia and Eastern Europe
Social and Political Trends

Practice Test 1

Test 1
Answer Key
Detailed Explanations of Answers

Practice Test 2

Test 2
Answer Key
Detailed Explanations of Answers
Answer Sheets

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)