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Inside the Book:
CliffsNotes Quick Review guides give you a clear, concise, easy-to-use review of the basics. Introducing each topic, defining key terms, and carefully walking you through sample problems, this guide helps you grasp and understand the important concepts needed to succeed.
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Master the Basics–Fast
Why You Need This Book.
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Chapter 1: Overview.
Types of Statistics.
Method of Statistical Inference.
Steps in the Process.
Common Statistics Mistakes.
Chapter 2: Graphic Displays.
Relative Frequency Histogram.
Box Plot (Box-and-Whiskers).
Chapter 3: Numerical Measures.
Measures of Central Tendency.
Notation and formulae.
Mean for grouped data.
Median for grouped data.
Measures of Variability.
Deviation and variance.
Empirical rule: The normal curve.
Quartiles and interquartile range.
Chapter 4: Probability.
Relative Frequency Theory.
Probability of Simple Events.
Probability of Joint Occurrences.
Discrete vs. continuous variables.
Total of probabilities of discrete variables.
Mean and standard deviation.
Chapter 5: Sampling.
Populations, Samples, Parameters, and Statistics.
Random and Systematic Error.
Central Limit Theorem.
Properties of the Normal Curve.
Normal Approximation to the Binomial.
Chapter 6: Principles of Testing.
The Test Statistic.
One- and Two-Tailed Tests.
Type I and II Errors.
Point Estimates and Confidence Intervals.
Estimating a Diff erence Score.
Univariate Tests: An Overview.
Chapter 7: Univariate Inferential Tests.
Confidence interval for population mean using z.
Choosing a sample size.
Confi dence interval for population mean using t.
Two-Sample z-test for Comparing Two Means.
Two-Sample t-test for Comparing Two Means.
Confidence interval for comparing two means.
Pooled variance method.
Paired Difference t-test.
Test for a Single Population Proportion.
Confidence interval for a single population proportion.
Choosing a sample size.
Test for Comparing Two Proportions.
Confidence interval for comparing two proportions.
Chapter 8: Bivariate Relationships.
Finding the significance of r.
The coefficient of determination.
Simple Linear Regression.
Confidence interval for the slope.
Confidence interval for prediction.
Assumptions and cautions.
Appendix A: Common Mistakes.
Appendix B: Tables.