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CliffsQuickReview Spanish II continues where CliffsQuickReview Spanish I left off andis meant to provide all the foundations of basic Spanish pronunciation, spelling, and sentence construction. Spanish grammar is systematically explained in its most simplistic way; if you've already read ...
CliffsQuickReview Spanish II continues where CliffsQuickReview Spanish I left off andis meant to provide all the foundations of basic Spanish pronunciation, spelling, and sentence construction. Spanish grammar is systematically explained in its most simplistic way; if you've already read CliffsQuickReview Spanish I or if you already have a good foundation in Spanish, this book is an appropriate resource to hone your skills to the equivalent of two years of college-level Spanish. As you work your way through this review, you'll be ready to tackle such concepts as
CliffsQuickReview Spanish II can act as a supplement to your textbook and to classroom lectures. Use this reference in any way that fits your personal style for study and review — you decide what works best with your needs. You can read the book from cover to cover or just look for the information you want and put it back on the shelf for later. Here are just a few ways you can search for topics:
With titles available for all the most popular high school and college courses, CliffsQuickReview guides are a comprehensive resource that can help you get the best possible grades.
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Chapter 1: Spelling and Pronunciation.
The letter c.
The letter g.
The letter j.
The letter h.
The letter d.
The letter t.
The letters b and v.
Vowels and Dipthongs.
Models for vowel pronunciation.
Consonants as vowels.
Stress and Accentuation.
Chapter 2: Review of Sentence and Question Structure.
Basic Sentence Structure.
Interrogative Pronouns (Question Words).
“What” rule 1.
“What” rule 2.
“What” rule 3.
Creating and Answering Questions.
Writing questions with question words.
How to use the right pronoun to answer a question.
Chapter 3: Review of the Present Tense Indicative.
Verbs ending in -ger or -gir.
Ver and saber.
Extra Y Verbs.
Stem-Changing Verbs in the Present Tense.
The Really Irregular Verbs.
Chapter 4: Review of the Past Tenses.
Regular Verbs in the Preterit Tense.
Verbs with Spelling Changes in the Preterit Tense.
Verbs that end in -car.
Verbs that end in -gar.
Verbs that end in -zar.
i to y.
-ar or -er Verbs in the Preterit Tense.
Stem-Changers in the Preterit Tense.
Morphing Irregulars in the Preterit Tense.
The Truly Irregular Verbs in the Preterit.
Regular Verbs in the Imperfect.
The Three Imperfect Irregular Verbs.
Chapter 5: New Verb Tenses.
The Future Tense.
Using the future tense in sentences.
The Conditional Tense.
Using the conditional tense in sentences.
Chapter 6: The Perfect Tenses.
The Past Participle.
Regular past participles.
Irregular past participles.
The Helping Verb Haber.
Past perfect (pluperfect).
Preterit perfect (past anterior).
Future perfect (future anterior).
Chapter 7: Subjunctive Mood I.
The Present Subjunctive.
Creating present subjunctive verb forms.
Present subjunctive of -ar verbs.
Verbs that end in -car, -gar, and -zar.
Present subjunctive of -er and -ir verbs.
-uir verbs that add a y.
Stem-Changers in the Present Subjunctive.
Truly Irregular Verbs in the Present Subjunctive.
Chapter 8: Subjunctive Mood II.
When to Use the Subjunctive Mood.
Conjunctions that determine mood by the tense of the first clause.
Chapter 9: The Imperative.
Affirmative Tú Commands.
Irregular affirmative tú commands.
Command Forms Using the Subjunctive.
Nosotros (“Let’s”) Commands.
Using Pronouns with Commands.
Chapter 10: Adjectives and Comparisons.
Basic Review of Adjectives.
Using the plural forms of adjectives.
Placement of adjectives in a sentence.
Chapter 11: Prepositions.
The preposition a.
The preposition de.
The preposition en.
The preposition con.
Por and para.
Verbs with prepositions.
Verbs Followed by Prepositions in English but Not in Spanish.
Use with infinitive.
Chapter 12: Pronouns.
Direct object pronouns.
Indirect object pronouns.
Common reflexive verbs.
Pronouns Used after a Preposition.
Chapter 13: Passive Voice, Conjunctions, and More Sentence Variations.
Using the Passive Voice.
Passive voice created by ser and a past participle.
Passive voice created by se.
Passive voice created by hay que.
Pero and mas.
O and y.
Cuál and qué.
Prepositions in questions.
Chapter 14: Past Subjunctive and Sequence of Tenses.
Verb Rules for Forming the Past Subjunctive.
Sequence of Tenses.
Introductory clauses that show emotion.
The Past Subjunctive Formulas.
CQR Resource Center.
Appendix: Antonyms and Synonyms.
Verbs and their opposites.
Nouns and their opposites.
Adjectives and their opposites.
More useful words and their opposites.
More important synonyms.