CliffsQuickReview Spanish II


CliffsQuickReview course guides cover the essentials of your toughest classes. Get a firm grip on core concepts and key material, and test your newfound knowledge with review questions.

CliffsQuickReview Spanish II continues where CliffsQuickReview Spanish I left off andis meant to provide all the foundations of basic Spanish pronunciation, spelling, and sentence construction. Spanish grammar is systematically explained in its most simplistic way; if you've already read ...

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CliffsQuickReview course guides cover the essentials of your toughest classes. Get a firm grip on core concepts and key material, and test your newfound knowledge with review questions.

CliffsQuickReview Spanish II continues where CliffsQuickReview Spanish I left off andis meant to provide all the foundations of basic Spanish pronunciation, spelling, and sentence construction. Spanish grammar is systematically explained in its most simplistic way; if you've already read CliffsQuickReview Spanish I or if you already have a good foundation in Spanish, this book is an appropriate resource to hone your skills to the equivalent of two years of college-level Spanish. As you work your way through this review, you'll be ready to tackle such concepts as

  • New verb tenses — future tense, conditional tense, compound tenses, and the past participle
  • Subjunctive Mood I and II
  • Prepositions and pronouns
  • Passive voice, conjunctions, and more sentence variations
  • Past subjunctive and sequence of tenses
  • Antonyms and synonyms

CliffsQuickReview Spanish II can act as a supplement to your textbook and to classroom lectures. Use this reference in any way that fits your personal style for study and review — you decide what works best with your needs. You can read the book from cover to cover or just look for the information you want and put it back on the shelf for later. Here are just a few ways you can search for topics:

  • Use the free Pocket Guide full of essential information
  • Get a glimpse of what you’ll gain from a chapter by reading through the Chapter Check-In at the beginning of each chapter
  • Use the Chapter Checkout at the end of each chapter to gauge your grasp of the important information you need to know
  • Test your knowledge more completely in the CQR Review and look for additional sources of information in the CQR Resource Center
  • Use the glossary to find key terms fast

With titles available for all the most popular high school and college courses, CliffsQuickReview guides are a comprehensive resource that can help you get the best possible grades.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780764587580
  • Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  • Publication date: 4/4/2003
  • Series: Cliffs Quick Reviews Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 258
  • Sales rank: 406,012
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.58 (d)

Meet the Author

Jill Rodriguez has fourteen years of experience teaching Spanish and English, including preparing students to pass the AP Spanish exam. She has been honored with Teacher of the Year, Teacher with the Greatest Impact, and Outstanding Educator Awards.

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Table of Contents


Why You Need This Book.

How to Use This Book.

Visit Our Web Site.

Chapter 1: Spelling and Pronunciation.


Double consonants.

Dictionary placement.

The letter c.

The letter g.

The letter j.

The letter h.

The letter d.

The letter t.

The letters b and v.

Vowels and Dipthongs.

Models for vowel pronunciation.

Vowel combinations.

Consonants as vowels.

Stress and Accentuation.

Chapter 2: Review of Sentence and Question Structure.

Basic Sentence Structure.

Subject Pronouns.

Interrogative Pronouns (Question Words).

“What” rule 1.

“What” rule 2.

“What” rule 3.

Creating and Answering Questions.

Writing questions with question words.

How to use the right pronoun to answer a question.

Chapter 3: Review of the Present Tense Indicative.

Yo Irregulars.

-oy verbs.

-go verbs.

-zco verbs.

Verbs ending in -ger or -gir.

Ver and saber.

Extra Y Verbs.

Stem-Changing Verbs in the Present Tense.

ie stem-changers.

ue stem-changers.

i stem-changers.

The Really Irregular Verbs.

Chapter 4: Review of the Past Tenses.

Regular Verbs in the Preterit Tense.

Verbs with Spelling Changes in the Preterit Tense.

Verbs that end in -car.

Verbs that end in -gar.

Verbs that end in -zar.

i to y.

-ar or -er Verbs in the Preterit Tense.

Stem-Changers in the Preterit Tense.

Morphing Irregulars in the Preterit Tense.

u-stem verbs.

i-stem verbs.

j-stem verbs.

The Truly Irregular Verbs in the Preterit.

Regular Verbs in the Imperfect.

The Three Imperfect Irregular Verbs.

Chapter 5: New Verb Tenses.

The Future Tense.

Using the future tense in sentences.

Regular verbs.

Irregular verbs.

The Conditional Tense.

Using the conditional tense in sentences.

Regular verbs.

Irregular verbs.

Chapter 6: The Perfect Tenses.

The Past Participle.

Regular past participles.

Irregular past participles.

The Helping Verb Haber.

Compound Tenses.

Present perfect.

Past perfect (pluperfect).

Preterit perfect (past anterior).

Future perfect (future anterior).

Conditional perfect.

Chapter 7: Subjunctive Mood I.

The Present Subjunctive.

Creating present subjunctive verb forms.

Present subjunctive of -ar verbs.

Verbs that end in -car, -gar, and -zar.

Present subjunctive of -er and -ir verbs.

Yo Irregulars.

-go verbs.

-zco verbs.

-zo verbs.

-gir verbs.

-guir verbs.

-uir verbs that add a y.

Stem-Changers in the Present Subjunctive.

Truly Irregular Verbs in the Present Subjunctive.

Chapter 8: Subjunctive Mood II.

When to Use the Subjunctive Mood.

Subjunctive Indicators.



Impersonal expressions.



Conjunctions that determine mood by the tense of the first clause.

Chapter 9: The Imperative.

Affirmative Commands.

Regular verbs.

Irregular affirmative commands.

Command Forms Using the Subjunctive.

Spelling changes.

Nosotros (“Let’s”) Commands.

Vosotros Commands.

Using Pronouns with Commands.

Chapter 10: Adjectives and Comparisons.

Basic Review of Adjectives.

Correct gender.

Using the plural forms of adjectives.

Placement of adjectives in a sentence.

Possessive Adjectives.

Demonstrative Adjectives.



Chapter 11: Prepositions.

Simple Prepositions.

The preposition a.

The preposition de.

The preposition en.

The preposition con.

Por and para.

Compound Prepositions.

Idiomatic usage.

Verbs with prepositions.

Verbs Followed by Prepositions in English but Not in Spanish.

Use with infinitive.

Chapter 12: Pronouns.

Object Pronouns.

Direct object pronouns.

Indirect object pronouns.

Reflexive Pronouns.

Common reflexive verbs.

Pronouns Used after a Preposition.

Demonstrative Pronouns.

Possessive Pronouns.

Pronoun Placement.

Relative Pronouns.

Chapter 13: Passive Voice, Conjunctions, and More Sentence Variations.

Using the Passive Voice.

Passive voice created by ser and a past participle.

Passive voice created by se.

Passive voice created by hay que.


Pero and mas.


O and y.

Subordinate conjunctions.

Correlative conjunctions.



Cuál and qué.

Prepositions in questions.





Chapter 14: Past Subjunctive and Sequence of Tenses.

Verb Rules for Forming the Past Subjunctive.

Sequence of Tenses.

Subjunctive Indicators.


Introductory clauses that show emotion.

The Past Subjunctive Formulas.

CQR Review.

CQR Resource Center.


Appendix: Antonyms and Synonyms.


Verbs and their opposites.

Nouns and their opposites.

Adjectives and their opposites.

More useful words and their opposites.


Synonymous verbs.

Synonymous nouns.

More important synonyms.


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