Climate Variability and Extremes during the Past 100 years / Edition 1

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This volume provides an up to date overview of climate variability during the 20th century in the context of natural and anthropogenic variability. It compiles a number of contributions to a workshop held in Gwatt, Switzerland, in July 2006 dealing with different aspects of climate change, variability, and extremes during the past 100 years. The individual contributions cover a broad range of topics. The volume fills a gap in this exciting field of research.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This volume brings together a fascinating and varied set of papers on climatic variability and change. The papers highlight what modellers can learn by greater study of observations, while the latter were informed about the types of observations required to reduce model uncertainties." Phil Jones, University of East Anglia

"The authors of this volume extend the classical reanalysis perspective for studying climate phenomena during the past 100 years!" Heinz Wanner, Director, Swiss NCCR Climate

'The book provides interesting and topical summaries of the state of knowledge on a number of key global climate variables such as sea surface temperature, upper air temperature, and stratospheric ozone', EOS, Michael Manton, Monash University, Australia

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781402067655
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 3/4/2008
  • Series: Advances in Global Change Research Series, #33
  • Edition description: 1st ed. 2008. Corr. 2nd printing 2009
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 364
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface Brönnimann, S., J. Luterbacher, H. Diaz, R. Stolarski, T. Ewen, U. Neu, Preface Introduction Brönnimann, S., T. Ewen, J. Luterbacher, H. Diaz, R. Stolarski, U. Neu A focus on climate during the past 100 years The observational climate record Lüdecke, C., From the bottom to the stratosphere - Arctic climate features as seen from the 1st International Polar Year (1882-1883) until the end of World War II Alekseev, G. V., S. I. Kuzmina, A. P. Nagurny, N. E. Ivanov, Arctic sea ice data sets in the context of climate change during the 20th century Woodruff, S. D., H. F. Diaz, E. C. Kent, R. W. Reynolds, S. J. Worley The Evolving SST Record from ICOADS Sterin, A. M., V. M. Khan, K. G. Rubinstein Upper-air temperature trends:Current problems and some recent results Uppala, S., A. Simmons, D. Dee, P. Kållberg, J.-N. Thépaut Atmospheric reanalyses and climate variations Mears, C. Constructing climate quality atmospheric temperatures from satellite microwave measurements Brönnimann, S., C. Vogler, J. Staehelin, R. Stolarski, G. Hansen Total ozone observations during the past 80 years Trends and Processes Stroeve J., W. Maslowski Arctic sea ice variability during the last half century Wild, M. Decadal changes in surface radiative fluxes and their role in global climate change Norris, J. R. Observed interdecadal changes in cloudiness: Real or spurious? Seneviratne, S. I., R. Stöckli The role of land-atmosphere interactions for climate variability in Europe. Lohmann, U. Aerosol effects on precipitation locally and globally Variability and extremes Paeth,H. Human activity and climate change in Africa Menzel, A., N. Estrella, C. Schleip Impacts of climate variability, trends and NAO on 20th century European plant phenology Della-Marta, P. M., M. Beniston Summer heat waves in western Europe, their past change and future projections. Scherrer, S. C., M. A. Liniger, C. Appenzeller, Distribution changes of seasonal mean temperature in observations and climate change scenarios Chemical climate variability and the stratosphere Staehelin, J. C. Schnadt Poberaj Long-term tropospheric ozone trends. A critical review Dameris, M., R. Deckert Simulation of long-term evolution of stratospheric dynamics and chemistry – Role of natural and anthropogenic forcings Langematz U., M. Kunze Dynamical changes in the Arctic and Antarctic stratosphere during spring Brasseur, G. P. Creating Knowledge from the Confrontation of Observations and Models: The Case of Stratospheric Ozone Rozanov, E. Response of the Earth's atmosphere to the solar irradiance variability Jackman C., E. Fleming Stratospheric ozone variations caused by solar proton events between 1963 and 2005 Labitzke, K., M. Kunze, S. Brönnimann Sunspots, the QBO, and the Stratosphere in the North Polar Region: An update Index

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