Climates and Societies - A Climatological Perspective: A Contribution on Global Change and Related Problems Prepared by the Commission on Climatology of the International Geographical Union / Edition 1

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Overview

This book is written by the world's leading climatologists and environmental scientists. It addresses many of the issues raised in the debate on global change, providing a new point of view on climate which is being integrated into the space and time organization of societies. The volume contains three main parts: 1. Climatic Changes and Fluctuations; 2. Climates on a Regional Scale, including problems from tropical through temperate zones to polar regions; and 3. Man-Climate Relationships on a Local Scale.
Global change is caused mainly by climatic variation and change and activities of human societies. This book aims to describe these facts from the various space scales - global, regional and local - and also different time scales - post-glacial, historical and recent periods. Since climate affects all kinds of human activities such as agriculture, forestry, architecture, civil engineering, transportation, tourism, health, etc., this book may contribute to the work of researchers, planners and policy makers in a wide variety of fields.
For example, as indicated by the IPCC 1995 Report, adjustment of human societies is considered to be one of the most important features in the 21st Century. For consideration of these past, present and future problems, this book will provide, in a systematic way, numerous sources of up-to-date knowledge.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792343240
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 7/31/1997
  • Series: GeoJournal Library Series , #36
  • Edition description: 1997
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 408
  • Product dimensions: 1.00 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 9.21 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Part 1 Introduction

1 Human Activities and Environmental Change: A Climatologist's View Masatoshi Yoshino 3

Part 2 Climate Change and Variability

1 On Relationships Between Climate Variability and Change, and Societies Annick Douguédroit 21

2 Climate Change in Post Glacial Period in Monsoon Asia Jiacheng Zhang Yasunori Yasuda Masatoshi Yoshino 43

3 Approaches to Climatic Variations During the Historical Era: A Few Examples Françoise Serre-Bachet 61

4 Some Statistical Aspects of Observed Regional and Global Climate Change Within the Instrumental Period C.-D. Schönwiese 77

5 Climate of the Future: An Evaluation of the Current Uncertainties H. Le Treut 99

6 Impacts of the Climate Variability on Human Activities Annick Douguédroit Jean-Pierre Marchand Marie-Françoise de Saintignon Alain Vidal 119

Part 3 Regional Scale Climates

1 Society-Climate Systems in Tropical Africa O. Ojo 153

2 Climate and Life in the Caribbean Basin Lawrence C. Nkemdirim 177

3 Climate and Societies in Southeast Asia K.U. Sirinanda 203

4 Climatic and Pathological Rhythms in a Humid Tropical Area, the Case of the Philippines Jocelyne Pérard Jean-Pierre Besancenot 235

5 Possible Impact on Agriculture Due to Climatic Change and Variability in South America Fernando Santibáñez 255

6 Climate and Agriculture in China Ai-Liang Jiang 279

7 The Climates of the "Polar Regions" Tadeusz Niedzwiedz 309

Part 4 Local Scale Climates

1 Introduction to the Problems on Local Climate and Man Janusz Paszynski 327

2 Interactions of Man and Climate in the Urban World - The Influence of Urbanization on the Local Climate and the Influence of Urban Climate on Man Fritz Wilmers 333

3 Climates of Tropical and Subtropical Cities Ernesto Jauregui 361

4 Air Pollution: A Local Problem Becomes a Global Problem Heinz Wanner 375

5 Agricultural Landuse and Local Climate Masatoshi Yoshino 381

Index 401

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