Clinical Calculations: A Unified Approach / Edition 4by Joanne M. Daniels, Loretta M. Smith
Pub. Date: 09/28/1998
Publisher: Cengage Learning
This text introduces dimensional analysis as the method for calculating all drug dosages. The use of a single, consistent method for dosage calculations helps eliminate confusion, reduce errors, and build confidence. Chapters include numerous examples, practice problems, and self-quizzes to enable students to monitor their progress, as well as interactive CD-ROM.
(medication, administration, starting factor, conversion, equation, system of measurement, oral, parenteral, intravenous, pediatric, household, apothecary, metric, fractions, decimals, ratio, percent, proportion, equations, time, temperature)
ALSO AVAILABLE -
Instructor's Guide ISBN: 0-7668-0200-0
- Cengage Learning
- Publication date:
- Edition description:
- Older Edition
- Product dimensions:
- 8.50(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.70(d)
Table of ContentsDIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS: Introduction. Dimensional Analysis Methodology. Steps in Dimensional Analysis: Step I, Step II, Step III. Accuracy and Accountability. THE METRIC SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENT: Basic Units. Metric Notation. Comparing Metric Units. Metric Abbreviations. Converting Units Within the Metric System. THE APOTHECARIES SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENT: Basic Units and Abbreviations. Apothecaries Notation. Comparing Apothecaries Units. Converting Units Within the Apothecaries System. THE HOUSEHOLD SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENT: Household Units. Household Notation. Comparing Household Units. Converting Units Within the Household System. CONVERSION OF METRIC, APOTHECARIES, AND HOUSEHOLD UNITS: Self-Quiz - Equivalents. Conversion from One System to Another. CALCULATION OF ORAL MEDICATIONS: Oral Medications. The Medicine Cup. Rounding Off. Reading Labels and Calculating Dosage. Calculations Based on Body Weight. ADMINISTRATION OF ORAL MEDICINES: Medication Order. Abbreviations. Self-Quiz - Abbreviations. Routes for Administering Medications. The Medication Administration Record. Recording Medications. Drug Distribution System. Accountability. Administering Oral Medications. Performance Criteria: Administration of Oral Medications. CALCULATION OF PARENTERAL MEDICATIONS: Parenteral Medications. The Syringe and the Needle. Reading the Syringe. Rounding Off. Parenteral Medication Forms. Reading Labels. Calculating Dosages Obtained from Pre-mixed Solutions. Calculations Based on Body Weight. Units of Medication. Reconstitution of Drugs in Powder Form. ADMINISTRATION OF PARENTERAL MEDICATIONS: Injection Sites and Techniques. Precautions in Handling Needles and Syringes.Administration of Parenteral Medications. Performance Criteria: Administration of Injections. Variation of Parenteral Injection Techniques: IM. Performance Criteria: Administration of Heparin. Insulin Preparations. Insulin Administration. Performance Criteria: Administration of Insulin. CALCULATIONS OF INTRAVENOUS MEDICATIONS AND SOLUTIONS: Intravenous Injections and Infusions. Equipment. Reading Labels: Drop Factor. Reading IV Labels. Electronic Infusion Regulators. Calculation of Intravenous Flow Rates, Infusion Times, Infusion Rate, and Bolus Using Dimensional Analysis. Calculations of IV Flow Rate When Total Infusion Time is Specified. Calculation of IV flow Rate When an Infusion Rate is Specified. Calculation of Flow Rate (GTT/MIN) When IV Contains Medicine. Calculation of IV Flow Rate When an Infusion Pump is Used. Calculation of Infusion Time. Adding Medications to Intravenous Fluids. Critical Care IV Calculations. Adding Drugs to IVs and Calculating the Drug Infusion Rate. Calculating IV Dosage and Flow Rate Based on Body Weight. Titrated Infusions. Drugs Administered by IV Bolus. Parenteral Nutrition. Assessment and Adjustment. ADMINISTRATION OF INTRAVENOUS MEDICATIONS AND SOLUTIONS: Intravenous Administration. Infusion Sites. Nursing Responsibilities Relative to Intravenous Administration. Precautions in Handling IV Equipment. Recording. Performance Criteria: Setting Up an IV. Performance Criteria: Starting an IV. Performance Criteria: Assessment, Adjustment, and Termination of an IV. PEDIATRIC DOSAGE: General Considerations in Administering Oral and Parenteral Medications to Children. Administration of Parenteral Medications to Infants and Children. Pediatric Dosage Based on Body Weight - Oral Medications. Calculating Pediatric Dosage - Injections. Calculating Pediatric Dosage - IVs. Calculation of Pediatric Dosage Based on Body Surface Area. Application of Dimensional Analysis Using BSA Estimates. CLINICAL CALCULATIONS. APPENDIX A: Arithmetic Review. APPENDIX B: Conversion between Celsius and Fahrenheit temperatures. APPENDIX C: Measuring and Recording Fluid Balance. APPENDIX D: Dimensional Analysis Variation. APPENDIX E: Twenty-Four Hour Clock. APPENDIX F: Percentage Solutions. INDEX.
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