Clinical Environmental Health and Toxic Exposures / Edition 2

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Overview

Now in its revised and updated Second Edition, this volume is the most comprehensive and authoritative text in the rapidly evolving field of environmental toxicology. The book provides the objective information that health professionals need to prevent environmental health problems, plan for emergencies, and evaluate toxic exposures in patients.Coverage includes safety, regulatory, and legal issues; clinical toxicology of specific organ systems; emergency medical response to hazardous materials releases; and hazards of specific industries and locations. Nearly half of the book examines all known toxins and environmental health hazards.

A Brandon-Hill recommended title.

"...combines environmental health emergency medical response and occupational health in a unique, easy-to-read format ...covers basic science, regulatory aspects, emergency response, & technical specificity for individual toxicants."

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: James Harris, MD, MSPH (Oregon Health and Science University)
Description: This multiauthored book is a follow-up to Hazardous Materials Toxicology: Clinical Principles of Environmental Health (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1992). With 117 chapters and over 150 contributors, this is a thorough update of clinical environmental toxicology.
Purpose: It is the intent of the editors to provide a comprehensive and accurate source of up-to-date information on the human effects of exposure to toxic substances. The editors hope this book will help health professionals prevent environmental health problems and plan for toxicologic emergencies.
Audience: "The intended audience includes physicians (primarily occupational medicine specialists and toxiocologists), poison control center workers, government employees, and educators. For lay persons, the physiology and mechanisms of injury may be difficult to follow. The editors and authors are recognized authorities in their field. "
Features: The book is divided into sections on general principles, regulatory and legal issues, toxicology by organ system, and industry specific hazards. The fifth and final section, which is over half of the book, covers specific toxins and their adverse health effects. The range of topics is diverse: from endocrine disruptors to U.S. - Mexico environmental health issues, to the toxicology of zinc, a wide variety of substances and issues are addressed.
Assessment: This edition is a needed update. After nine years, substantial progress and growth of information has occurred in the field of environmental health. Other occupational and environmental health books are better general resources, as they typically cover topics such as ergonomics and musculoskeletal problems, which are not covered here. The emphasis in this book is toxic exposures, and it is a very useful second text in the library of health professionals. The first edition was my first "go to" resource when seeing patients with potential hazardous exposures. This second edition will be a welcome addition to any health professional's library.
Booknews
New edition of a text that provides reliable environmental toxicology information in order to address the environment as a variable in harmony of body and mind, as well as to help health professionals plan for emergencies and prevent environmental health problems. Sullivan (U. of Arizona Health Sciences Center) and Krieger (molecular and environmental toxicology, U. of Colorado Health Sciences Center) present 117 contributions that discuss general principles of environmental health; prevention, regulatory, safety, and legal issues; the individual and organ systems; environmental health hazards of business, industry, sites, and locations; and specific health hazards and toxins. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

3 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780683080278
  • Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Publication date: 6/28/2001
  • Edition description: Second Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 1344
  • Product dimensions: 8.90 (w) x 11.30 (h) x 1.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Contributing Authors
Foreword
Foreword
Preface
Sect. I General Principles of Environmental Health 1
1 Environmental and Health: Going into the Twenty-First Century 1
2 Environmental Sciences: Pollutant Fate and Transport in the Environment 6
3 Principles of Environmental and Occupational Hazard Assessment 30
4 Principles of Toxicology 49
5 Principles of Epidemiology 68
6 Principles of Risk Assessment 77
Sect. II Prevention, Regulatory, Safety, and Legal Issues 93
7 Laws and Regulations Regarding Hazardous Materials 93
8 Medical Surveillance and Medical Screening for Toxic Exposure 107
9 Hazard Communication and Material Safety Data Sheets 117
10 Environmental Contamination and Minority Communities 129
11 Personal Protection and Hazardous Materials 133
12 Recognition of Hazardous Materials 143
13 Radiation and Radioactive Emergencies 163
14 United States-Mexico Environmental Health Issues 174
Sect. III The Individual and Organ Systems 182
15 Clinical Dermatotoxicology 182
16 Clinical Pulmonary Toxicology 206
17 Acute Pulmonary Injury 223
18 Clinical Hepatotoxicity 233
19 Clinical Neurotoxicology and Neurobehavioral Toxicology 247
20 Clinical Cardiac Toxicology 260
21 Clinical Ocular Toxicology 270
22 Clinical Renal Toxicology 281
23 Teratogenesis and Reproductive Toxicology 289
24 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, and Genotoxicity 299
25 Clinical Immunotoxicology and Allergy 310
26 Clinical Rheumatologic Diseases 347
27 Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals 362
28 Clinical Hematotoxicology 373
29 Olfactory and Nasal Toxicology 390
30 Neuropsychological Evaluation of Toxic Exposures 396
31 Psychological Sequelae of Hazardous Materials Exposures 404
32 Low-Level Chemical Sensitivity and Chemical Intolerance 412
Sect. IV Environmental Health Hazards of Business, Industry, Sites, and Locations 431
33 Semiconductor Manufacturing Hazards 431
34 Plastic Manufacturing 466
35 Tire and Rubber Manufacturing Industry 475
36 Automobile Airbag Hazards 489
37 Aerospace Industry Exposure Hazards 495
38 Hazards of Biotechnology 500
39 Dental Health Care Hazards 517
40 Toxic Hazards of Mining and Smelting 530
41 Pneumoconioses 538
42 Emerging Infectious Diseases 545
43 Diseases of International Travel and Remote Sites 559
44 Pulp and Paper Industry Hazards 573
45 Hazardous-Waste Disposal and Waste Treatment 584
46 Hazards of Shipbuilding and Ship Repairing 593
47 Health Care Facility Hazards 600
48 Construction Industry Hazards 614
49 Medical Waste and Blood-Borne Pathogen Exposures 623
50 Toxic Hazards of Firefighters and Combustion Toxicology 630
51 Hazards of Wastewater Treatment Facilities, Sewage, and Sludge 636
52 Agricultural Hazards 648
53 Indoor Environmental Quality and Health 669
Sect. V Specific Health Hazards and Toxins 705
54 Hydrogen Cyanide and Inorganic Cyanide Salts 705
55 Hydrogen Sulfide 716
56 Carbon Monoxide 722
57 Methemoglobin-Forming Compounds 727
58 Halogenated Solvents, Trichloroethylene, and Methylene Chloride 733
59 Benzene and Other Hematotoxins 750
60 Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Other Polyhalogenated Aromatic Hydrocarbons 762
61 Polychlorodibenzodioxins and Polychlorodibenzofurans 769
62 Inorganic Acids and Bases 776
63 Organic Acids and Bases 789
64 Hydrofluoric Acid Exposures 798
65 Ozone 806
66 Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur 818
67 Gasoline and Oxygenated Additives 832
68 Crude Oil 841
69 Middle Distillates and Residual Fuels 847
70 Petroleum Lubricants, Asphalt, and Coke 852
71 Arsenic 858
72 Mercury 867
73 Lead 879
74 Cadmium 889
75 Copper 898
76 Zinc 902
77 Nickel 905
78 Platinum and Related Metals: Palladium, Iridium, Osmium, Rhodium, and Ruthenium 910
79 Beryllium 919
80 Chromium 926
81 Manganese 930
82 Vanadium, Titanium, and Molybdenum 937
83 Selenium 943
84 Aluminum 949
85 Thallium 954
86 Intermetallic Semiconductors: Arsine, Phosphine, and Inorganic Hydrides 958
87 Oxidizers, Reducing Agents, and Other Highly Reactive Chemicals 963
88 Metal Oxides 973
89 Organometals 978
90 Alkali Metals: Sodium, Potassium, and Lithium 984
91 Reactive Metals 986
92 Acrylamides 989
93 Isocyanates 994
94 Acrylates, Methacrylates, and Cyanoacrylates 999
95 Formaldehyde 1006
96 Aldehydes 1014
97 Biological Hazards, Biotoxins, and Toxigenic Fungi 1022
98 Organophosphate and Carbamate Insecticides 1046
99 Organochlorine Pesticides 1057
100 Fumigants 1082
101 Herbicides 1092
102 Fungicides and Biocides 1109
103 Pyrethrins 1125
104 Ethylene Oxide and Propylene Oxide 1133
105 Aromatic Solvents 1139
106 Solvents and Chemical Intermediates 1166
107 Solvents and Chemical Intermediates: Alcohols, Ketones, Esters, and Ethers 1174
108 Glycol Ethers 1199
109 Carbon Disulfide 1206
110 n-Hexane and 2-Hexanone 1211
111 Asbestos 1214
112 Man-Made Mineral Fibers 1227
113 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons 1240
114 Creosote, Coal Tar, and Coal Tar Pitch 1245
115 Phenols and Phenol Derivatives 1248
116 Uranium, Plutonium, and Transuranium Radionuclide Hazards 1266
117 Latex 1278
App Toxic Exposures and Environmental Health Resources 1284
Subject Index 1295
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