Clinical Guide to Alcohol Treatment: The Community Reinforcement Approach / Edition 1

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Overview

This book is the first complete guide to implementing the Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA), an empirically based, highly effective cognitive-behavioral program for treating alcohol problems. An ideal program for any practitioner trying to reconcile the needs of their clients with mandates of HMOs and insurance providers, this approach has been deemed one of the most cost-effective treatments available by recent research. CRA acknowledges the powerful role of environmental contingencies in encouraging or discouraging drinking, and attempts to rearrange these contingencies so that a non-drinking lifestyle is more rewarding than a drinking one. Unique in its breadth, the approach utilizes social, recreational, familial, and vocational strategies to aid clients in the recovery process. This authoritative manual is a hands-on guide to applying these therapeutic procedures.

Opening with an account of the history of CRA and the empirical support for its efficacy, the book addresses the clinical concerns of those treating substance abusing clients. Specific instructions are provided for conducting detailed assessments of the client and interviewing concerned others. Sobriety sampling and disulfiram use within CRA are discussed in chapters of their own.

The authors then present a step-by-step guide to each component of the treatment plan, many of which have been shown to be effective forms of treatment in themselves. Topics include

* behavioral skills training
* social and recreational counseling
* marital therapy
* motivational enhancement
* job counseling
* relapse prevention

Each chapter provides detailed instructions for conducting aprocedure, describes what difficulties to expect, and presents strategies for overcoming them. Sample dialogues between clients and therapists, annotated by the authors, further illuminate the treatment process. The book concludes with a chapter that both addresses the common mistakes made when implementing CRA, and emphasizes the flexibility and benefits of this total treatment plan.

An accessible and practical program, CRA can be implemented by all clinicians who treat alcohol abusing clients, regardless of orientation. Providing a cost-effective approach that is highly efficacious, Clinical Guide to Alcohol Treatment is an invaluable resource for the wide range of practitioners working in today's managed-care environment, including psychologists, psychiatrists, substance abuse counselors, and social workers.

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

"The 'Community Reinforcement Approach' (CRA)...is an idea whose time has clearly come....CRA operates from a disarmingly straight forward approach, which is probably more immediately accessible to clients than many forms of psychotherapy....The dialogues are pithy, illustrative, and pleasantly pointed....As I was reading, I could immediately think of a number of ideas that I could incorporate into everyday practice, whether or not I should ever adopt CRA....Its extensive appendices are lucid and cogent documentation of the instruments CRA employs. Even the price is right for the quality of the work. Run right out and buy it. You will be up tonight reading through it."--Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
From The Critics
Reviewer: Michael Easton, MD (Rush University Medical Center)
Description: This book describes a promising psychosocial treatment (community reinforcement approach or CRA) for alcoholism. CRA is a behavioral approach using a variety of treatment interventions.
Purpose: Although CRA is used in some research settings, it is an approach with which many clinicians are not familiar. The purpose of this book is to describe CRA's treatment philosophy, procedures and effectiveness. It goes through its history and assessment procedures and then describes a number of the treatment interventions used in this modality. The book uses a number of formats to relate its information to the reader. These include didactic information, data for a number of their clinical studies, clinical case examples, and therapist-patient transcripts.
Audience: The book is geared toward individuals (primarily clinical therapists) involved in the treatment of alcoholism.
Features: The book has few illustrations, tables, or charts. It is underreferenced and only some are recent. The authors are experts in this treatment modality with extensive experience in addiction treatment.
Assessment: Any insights that will expand our treatment models for this serious illness are notable. This book describes CRA, which appears to be an effective behavioral treatment modality for alcoholism and other addictions. Unfortunately, the text falls short of its goal. The research data presented to support their claims are from small poorly described studies. It does provide the clinician with the knowledge that other treatment modalities do exist and are being used for alcoholism. This book only affords us a glimmer of CRA and is not detailed enough to serve as a clinical guide.
From The Critics
Reviewer: Michael Easton, MD(Rush University Medical Center)
Description: This book describes a promising psychosocial treatment (community reinforcement approach or CRA) for alcoholism. CRA is a behavioral approach using a variety of treatment interventions.
Purpose: Although CRA is used in some research settings, it is an approach with which many clinicians are not familiar. The purpose of this book is to describe CRA's treatment philosophy, procedures and effectiveness. It goes through its history and assessment procedures and then describes a number of the treatment interventions used in this modality. The book uses a number of formats to relate its information to the reader. These include didactic information, data for a number of their clinical studies, clinical case examples, and therapist-patient transcripts.
Audience: The book is geared toward individuals (primarily clinical therapists) involved in the treatment of alcoholism.
Features: The book has few illustrations, tables, or charts. It is underreferenced and only some are recent. The authors are experts in this treatment modality with extensive experience in addiction treatment.
Assessment: Any insights that will expand our treatment models for this serious illness are notable. This book describes CRA, which appears to be an effective behavioral treatment modality for alcoholism and other addictions. Unfortunately, the text falls short of its goal. The research data presented to support their claims are from small poorly described studies. It does provide the clinician with the knowledge that other treatment modalities do exist and are being used for alcoholism. This book only affords us a glimmer of CRA and is not detailed enough to serve as a clinical guide.
From the Publisher

"I am impressed. This volume does an excellent job of describing the Community Reinforcement Approach in an effective manner. Offering a good balance between theoretical and hands-on clinical information, the work is an outstanding practical guide to treating problem drinking using the community reinforcement approach." --Stephen T. Higgins, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Psychiatry & Psychology, University of Vermont

"This volume addresses a need in the literature, and will be of great assistance in program planning and implementation. The authors have tailored the best available research and information on the community reinforcement approach into a state-of-the-art treatment program that will be invaluable to practicing clinicians and program managers who are looking for cost-effective, efficacious treatments." --David S. Timken, Ph.D.

"This book is the kind of work that builds bridges, and finally allows the findings of years of careful clinical research to be applied in everyday practice." --from the foreword by William R. Miller, Ph.D.

"I recommend this book to therapists and researchers who are interested in the community reinforcement approach to treating alcohol problems. In addition to detailed descriptions of a wide variety of specific treatment methods, the book provides numerous therapist-client dialogues or scripts illustrating the clinical implementation of this material." --G. Alan Marlatt, Ph.D., Director, Addictive Behaviors Research Center, University of Washington

"Clinical Guide to Alcohol Treatment presents a comprehensive and compelling review of the Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA) for the treatment of substance problems, including both alcohol and cocaine abuse/dependence. From reviewing the literature on the earliest CRA trials dating back over twenty years to presenting an update on current CRA trials, this book clearly makes the case that CRA works. But the book goes far beyond a review of the literature. Its primary focus is on both assessment and how to do CRA therapy. In these respects it is very user-friendly. Not only will interested readers learn how to do CRA, they will learn how not to do CRA therapy in a useful chapter that focuses on common problems in implementing CRA. In a very real sense, this book is long overdue since CRA is perhaps one of the earliest successful applications of social learning theory. Clinical Guide to Alcohol Treatment should be useful for counselors and therapists who strive to provide the most effective treatments to their clients and for all students of social learning theory interested in effective applications." --Peter M. Monti, Ph.D., Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies

Michael Easton
This book describes a promising psychosocial treatment (community reinforcement approach or CRA) for alcoholism. CRA is a behavioral approach using a variety of treatment interventions. Although CRA is used in some research settings, it is an approach with which many clinicians are not familiar. The purpose of this book is to describe CRA's treatment philosophy, procedures and effectiveness. It goes through its history and assessment procedures and then describes a number of the treatment interventions used in this modality. The book uses a number of formats to relate its information to the reader. These include didactic information, data for a number of their clinical studies, clinical case examples, and therapist-patient transcripts. The book is geared toward individuals (primarily clinical therapists) involved in the treatment of alcoholism. The book has few illustrations, tables, or charts. It is underreferenced and only some are recent. The authors are experts in this treatment modality with extensive experience in addiction treatment. Any insights that will expand our treatment models for this serious illness are notable. This book describes CRA, which appears to be an effective behavioral treatment modality for alcoholism and other addictions. Unfortunately, the text falls short of its goal. The research data presented to support their claims are from small poorly described studies. It does provide the clinician with the knowledge that other treatment modalities do exist and are being used for alcoholism. This book only affords us a glimmer of CRA and is not detailed enough to serve as a clinical guide.
Booknews
A hands-on guide for psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and substance abuse counselors. The community reinforcement approach acknowledges the powerful role of environmental contingencies in encouraging or discouraging drinking, and attempts to rearrange those contingencies so a non-drinking lifestyle is more rewarding than a drinking one. The empirically based approach employs social, recreational, familial, and vocational strategies to help clients in the process of recovery. Topics include: behavioral skills training, marital therapy, job counseling, and relapse prevention. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

2 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780898628579
  • Publisher: Guilford Publications, Inc.
  • Publication date: 8/4/1995
  • Series: Guilford Substance Abuse Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 211
  • Sales rank: 1,377,800
  • Product dimensions: 6.28 (w) x 9.28 (h) x 0.92 (d)

Meet the Author


Robert J. Meyers, M.S., is the Clinical Director of several CRA grants at the Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions (CASAA) at the University of New Mexico. One of the original CRA therapists, he has worked as a clinician, trainer, and supervisor in the substance abuse field for nearly 20 years, and has played a valuable role in the development of CRA.

Jane Ellen Smith, PhD, is Director of Clinical Training in the Department of Psychology at the University of New Mexico.

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Table of Contents

Ch. 1 History of the Community Reinforcement Approach 1
Ch. 2 CRA Assessment 17
Ch. 3 Sobriety Sampling 42
Ch. 4 Disulfiram Use Within CRA 57
Ch. 5 CRA Treatment Plan 80
Ch. 6 Behavioral Skills Training 102
Ch. 7 Additional CRA Techniques 121
Ch. 8 Social and Recreational Counseling 138
Ch. 9 CRA Marital Therapy 147
Ch. 10 CRA Relapse Prevention 180
Ch. 11 The Big Picture 196
References 204
Index 207
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