Close Reading: An Introduction to Literature / Edition 1

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Overview

Written for an Introduction to Literature course, Close Reading allows students to examine the language and structure of a text, as well as the ideas or feelings it expresses, and to investigate the intricate links between form and content. It helps students to see such issues as sound and rhythm, imagery and figurative language, voice, the way characters are portrayed, the importance of setting, plot structure - all the elements that make literature 'literary' - changes the way in which they approach their study of literature. Covers poetry, fiction, and drama.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780132436564
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 10/12/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 320
  • Sales rank: 1,247,321
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction to Close Reading

PART 1 POETRY

Chapter 1 Introduction to Aspects of Poetry

Aspects of Poetry

Lyric poetry and narrative poetry

Formal characteristics of poetry

Ambiguity

Vocabulary

Denotations and connotations

Semantic fields

Specialized vocabulary

Exercises on vocabulary

Imagery

Figurative Language

Simile and Metaphor

Allegory

Anaphora

Antithesis

Apostrophe

Hyperbole

Irony
Metaphor

Metonymy

Oxymoron

Paradox

Personification

Simile

Symbol

Synecdoche

Understatement

Exercises on imagery and figurative language

Sounds

Alliteration

Assonance

Onomatopoeia

Exercises on sounds

Rhythm

Types of rhythm

Enjambment

Exercises on rhythm

Versification

The verse line

Meter

Meter and rhythm

Meter and syntax

Punctuation

Enjambment

Exercises on meter

Rhyme

Blank verse

Stanzas

Fixed forms

Sonnet

Exercises on rhyme and stanza forms

Free verse

Speaker, Voice and Tone

First-person lyric

Tone

Exercises on speaker and tone

Structure

Division into parts

Closure

Exercises on structure

Chapter 2 Writing A Close Reading of a Poem

Preparing to Write a Close Reading of a Poem

Preparatory Reading

Annotating the poem

Your audience

Quoting titles

Quoting from the poem

Paraphrasing

Clarity and Style

Writing a Close Reading of a Poem

Title

The introduction

Theme

The detailed analysis

The conclusion

Revision

Avoiding Plagiarism

Summary of elements to discuss in a poem

Chapter 3 CLOSE READINGS OF POEMS

Model Close Readings of Poems

“Death, be not proud” by John Donne

“When I heard the learn’d astronomer” by Walt Whitman

“Mid-Term Break” by Seamus Heaney

“Those Winter Sundays” by Robert Hayden

Commentary on model close reading #4

Towards Close Reading: Poems accompanied by questions

“That time of year thou may’st in me behold” by William Shakespeare

“She Walks in Beauty” by Alfred, Lord Byron

“Meeting at Night” by Robert Browning

“A noiseless patient spider” by Walt Whitman

“Acquainted with the Night” by Robert Frost

“Naming of Parts” by Henry Reed

“Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers” by Adrienne Rich

“Harlem (A Dream Deferred)” by Langston Hughes

PART 2 PROSE

Chapter 4 Introduction to Aspects of Prose

Aspects of Prose

Plot

Flashbacks

Foreshadowing

Conflict

Exposition, Development, Crisis, Dénouement

Scene and summary

Exercises on plot

Characterization

Psychological, social and philosophical functions

Ways of knowing a character

Exercises on characterization

Point of View

The narrator

First and third person narration

Unreliable narrators

Omniscient narration

Limited omniscience

Stream of consciousness

Objective narration

Exercises on point of view

Setting

Realistic and symbolic settings

Atmosphere and mood

Exercises on setting

Style

Syntax

Punctuation

Choice of vocabulary

Description

Narrative

Persuasion

Dialogue

Repetitions of words

Other stylistic devices

Symbols

Irony

Exercises on style

Theme

Exercises on theme

Chapter 5 Writing A Close Reading of a Prose Passage

Preparing to write a close reading of a prose passage

Preparatory work

Annotating the text

Your audience

Quoting from the text

Writing a close reading of a prose passage

Title

The introduction

The detailed analysis

The conclusion

Revision

Avoiding Plagiarism

Summary of Elements to discuss in a prose passage

Chapter 6 CLOSE READINGS OF PROSE PASSAGES

Model Close Readings of Prose Passages

“The Black Cat” by Edgar Allan Poe

“The Lady with the Dog” by Anton Chekhov

“The Storm” by Kate Chopin

Commentary on model close reading #3

Towards Close Reading: Prose passages accompanied by questions

“Young Goodman Brown” by Nathaniel Hawthorne

“The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin

“The Lady with the Dog” by Anton Chekhov

“Araby” by James Joyce

“A Rose for Emily” by William Faulkner

“A & P” by John Updike

“A Pair of Tickets” by Amy Tan

PART 3 DRAMA

Chapter 7 Introduction to Aspects of Drama

Aspects of drama

Drama as performance

Suspension of disbelief

Mimesis

Tragedy and comedy

Stage directions

Dialogue

Natural and informative dialogue

The language of dialogue

Gestures and facial expressions

Dramatic irony

Monologues, soliloquies, asides

Exercises on dialogue

Characterization

“Flat” and “rounded” characters

Stereotypes

Exercises on characterization

Plot

Conflict

Suspense, surprise

Exposition, development, crisis, dénouement

Eercise on plot

Theme

Exercises on theme

Setting

Historical period

Realistic and symbolic settings

Costumes, Props, Lighting, Sound Effects

Chapter 8 Writing a Close Reading of A Dramatic Passage

Preparing to write a close reading of a dramatic passage

Writing a close reading of a dramatic passage

The introduction

The detailed analysis

The conclusion

Revision

Avoiding Plagiarism

Summary of Elements to discuss in a dramatic passage

Chapter 9 CLOSE READINGS OF DRAMATIC PASSAGES

Model Close Readings of dramatic passages

A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen

Trifles by Susan Glaspell

Commentary on model close reading #2

Towards Close Reading: Dramatic passages accompanied by questions

Hamlet by William Shakespeare

Othello by William Shakespeare

A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen

The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov

Trifles by Susan Glaspell

PART 4 MOVING BEYOND CLOSE READING: OTHER TYPES OF WRITING ABOUT LITERATURE

Chapter 10 Short Essays

Types of Essay

Preparatory Work

Annotating the text and making notes

Your audience

Writing the essay

Title

Introduction

Using quotations

Paragraphs

Conclusion

Use of present tense and first person

Revision

Sample short essay

Commentary on the essay

Sample short essay on a short story (“A Pair of Tickets”)

Commentary on the essay

Sample short essay on a play (“Trifles”)

Commentary on the essay

Writing Aids

Chapter 11 Research Papers

Primary and secondary texts

Searching for secondary texts

Taking notes from secondary sources

Avoiding plagiarism

Incorporating secondary sources into your paper

Organizing your paper

Integrating quotations

Documentation

Referring to works cited

Chapter 12 Brief Introduction to literary criticism

Historical criticism

Biographical criticism

Formalist (New) criticism

Structuralist criticism

Archetypal criticism

Psychoanalytic criticism

Deconstruction

Feminist criticism

Reader-response criticism

Appendix 1: The Phonetic Alphabet

Appendix 2: Selection of poems:

Blake, William “The Sick Rose”

“The Tyger”

Browning, Robert “Meeting at Night”

Byron, George Gordon “She Walks in Beauty”

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor “Kubla Khan”

Dickinson, Emily “Wild Nights”

Donne, John “Death, be not proud”

Dunbar, Paul “We Wear the Mask”

Frost, Robert “Acquainted with the Night”

Hayden, Robert “Those Winter Sundays”

Heaney, Seamus “Mid-Term Break”

Hughes, Langston “Harlem (A Dream Deferred)”

Keats, John “Ode on a Grecian Urn”

“Ode to a Nightingale”

“To Autumn”

Magee, John Gillespie “High Flight”

Marvell, Andrew “To His Coy Mistress”

McKay, Claude “The White City”

Nemerov, Howard “The Vacuum”

Pastan, Linda “To a Daughter Leaving Home’

Reed, Henry “Naming of Parts”

Rich, Adrienne “Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers”

Rossetti, Christina “Up-Hill”

Shakespeare, William “That time of year thou may’st in be behold”

Shelley, Percy Bysshe “Ode to the West Wind”

Tennyson, Alfred “The Eagle”

“Ulysses”

Whitman, Walt “A noiseless patient spider”

“When I heard the learn’d astronomer”

Wordsworth, William “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge”

“It is a beauteous evening”

“I wandered lonely as a cloud”

Appendix 3: Selection of short stories :

Chekhov, Anton “The Lady with the Dog”

Chopin, Kate “The Storm”

“The Story of an Hour”

Faulkner, Willliam “A Rose for Emily”

Hawthorne, Nathaniel “Young Goodman Brown”

Joyce, James “Araby”

“The Boarding House”

Maupassant, Guy de “The Jewelry”

“The Necklace”

Poe, Edgar Allen “The Black Cat”

“The Cask of Amontillado”

Tan, Amy “A Pair of Tickets”

Updike, John “A & P”

Appendix 4: Selection of plays:

Glaspell, Susan Trifles

Appendix 5: Glossary of Literary Terms

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