Cmc Rope Rescue Manual

Cmc Rope Rescue Manual

by James A. Frank, Frank & Smith, Jerrold B. Smith
     
 

ISBN-10: 0961833718

ISBN-13: 9780961833718

Pub. Date: 01/01/1992

Publisher: CMC Rescue, Incorporated

Practical Photovoltaics, the now-classic reference on solar electricity, offers a unique combination of technical discussion and practical advice. Written by physicist, lecturer, and solar home dweller Richard Komp, the book is both a comprehensive guide to the theory, manufacture, present status and future of photovoltaics, and a detailed installation and maintenance

Overview

Practical Photovoltaics, the now-classic reference on solar electricity, offers a unique combination of technical discussion and practical advice. Written by physicist, lecturer, and solar home dweller Richard Komp, the book is both a comprehensive guide to the theory, manufacture, present status and future of photovoltaics, and a detailed installation and maintenance manual. Included are well-illustrated, step-by-step instructions for constructing your own solar module, a creative approach to demystifying the technology. John Perlin, author of From Space to Earth: The Story of Solar Electricity and co-author of A Golden Thread: 2500 Years of Solar Architecture and Technology, overviews the history of solar electricity in the Introduction. Presented in a clear, concise, and understandable style, Dr. Komp's contribution to PV literature has been called "the best single reference available," "the easiest and most complete education on photovoltaics," "one of the best basic books on PV," and "the best of the books."

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780961833718
Publisher:
CMC Rescue, Incorporated
Publication date:
01/01/1992
Edition description:
2ND

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgementsvii
Preface to the First Editionix
Introduction: The History of Solar-Generated Electricityxi
Chapter 1Solar Cells: What They Are and How They Work1
What Solar Cells Are1
Physical Characteristics1
Electrical Characteristics2
Cell Performance Ratings4
How Solar Cells Work5
The Nature of Sunlight5
Solid-State Physics7
Doping11
Junction Photovoltaic Cells13
Homojunctions13
Factors Which Influence Cell Efficiency18
Band Gap Width18
Recombination19
Reflectivity and Light Absorption20
Heterojunctions20
Schottky Barrier Junctions21
Advanced Semiconductor Devices22
Recommended Readings23
Chapter 2How Solar Cells Are Made25
Silicon25
Metallurgical-Grade Silicon26
Semiconductor-Grade Silicon26
Growing Single Crystals27
Slicing the Crystal into Wafers29
Polishing and Etching the Wafer29
Forming the p-n Junction30
Applying the Fingers and Back Contact32
The Antireflection Coating33
Assembly into Modules34
New Production Techniques for Silicon36
Solar-Grade Silicon36
Polycrystalline Silicon37
Ribbon Growth Systems39
Amorphous Silicon40
Recommended Readings47
Chapter 3Solar Cells and Modules49
Series and Parallel Strings49
Module Construction Techniques50
Encapsulation53
Module Failure Mechanisms53
Joints Between Cells53
Encapsulant Problems54
Shunt Diodes55
Concentrator Systems56
Two-Axis Tracking58
One-Axis Tracking59
Recommended Readings62
Chapter 4Using Photovoltaics63
Current Cost of Solar Electricity63
Sizing the Array69
Calculating Load69
Sizing Methodology70
Installing Solar Cell Arrays74
Array Orientation74
Wiring the Array76
Combination Systems76
Inverters77
Rotary Inverters78
Solid-State Inverters78
Synchronous Inverters79
Recommended Readings80
Chapter 5Batteries and Other Storage Systems81
Storage Batteries81
The Lead-Acid Battery82
The Deep-Discharge Lead-Acid Battery84
Lead-Acid Cell Characteristics87
A Practical Battery Storage System94
Maintenance95
Sulfation95
Used Batteries96
Nickel-Cadmium Batteries97
Nickel-Iron Batteries99
Nickel-Hydride Batteries100
Small Storage Systems101
Mechanical Storage Systems102
Flywheels102
Hydrogen103
Recommended Readings106
Chapter 6New Developments in Photovoltaic Technology107
Other Junction Structures108
Tin Oxide and Indium Oxide108
Metal-Semiconductor Junctions109
Photoelectrochemical Cells109
Cadmium Sulfide/Cadmium Telluride and Other II-VI Heterojunction Cells110
III-V Semiconductor Combinations114
Electroplated Cells115
Organic Semiconductors117
Clever Optical Systems119
Cascade Cells120
Luminescent Concentrators122
The Solar Thermophotovoltaic Systems123
Recommended Readings124
Chapter 7The Future of Photovoltaics125
U.S. Governments and Photovoltaics126
The Multinationals and Photovoltaics128
Photovoltaic Power Farms131
Foreign Solar Cell Activity136
Japan136
Western Europe138
Underdeveloped Countries139
The Solar Electric Home141
Solar Cells in Space143
The Solar Power Satellite145
A Proposed Alternative146
Recommended Readings148
Appendix AAssembling Your Own Modules149
Testing Solar Cells150
A Simple Solar Simulator151
A Simple Sample Holder151
Current-Voltage Measurements153
How Cells are Connected154
Soldering Solar Cells158
Building a Flat Plate Module159
Laying Out the Case159
Cutting the Plastic160
Gluing the Plastic Case161
Fastening the Cover162
Installing the Solar Cells162
Building a Hybrid Concentrator Module163
The Backing Support164
Isolating and Encapsulating the Cells166
The Reflector Wings171
Design171
Making the Reflector Wings171
A Hybrid Hot Air System173
Appendix BManufacturers175
Appendix CCurrent Carrying Capacity of Copper Wire177
Appendix DConversion Factors179
Glossary181
Index191
About the Author198

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