CMOS Imagers: From Phototransduction to Image Processing / Edition 1

CMOS Imagers: From Phototransduction to Image Processing / Edition 1

by Orly Yadid-Pecht
     
 

ISBN-10: 1402079613

ISBN-13: 9781402079610

Pub. Date: 05/31/2004

Publisher: Springer US

This is the first book published on CMOS imagers. It covers the full chain, starting from the basic concepts of photo transduction, and continues with pixel and system examples of CMOS Active Pixel Sensor (APS) imagers. CMOS Imagers: From Phototransduction to Image Processing contains six contributed chapters. The first three detail the basic concepts of photo

Overview

This is the first book published on CMOS imagers. It covers the full chain, starting from the basic concepts of photo transduction, and continues with pixel and system examples of CMOS Active Pixel Sensor (APS) imagers. CMOS Imagers: From Phototransduction to Image Processing contains six contributed chapters. The first three detail the basic concepts of photo transduction, modeling, evaluation, and optimization of APS. The last three continue with the description of APS design issues using a bottom-up strategy, starting from pixels and finishing with image processing systems. Various focal-plane image processing alternatives to either improve imaging or to extract visual information are presented. The book closes with a discussion of a completely non-traditional method for image noise suppression. Targeted audiences for this work are people interested in imaging, whether from the academic, the industrial or the scientific arena. All students, engineers and technical workers interested in understanding more about the physics, the design and the potential of CMOS imagers are invited to read the book. Each chapter can also be read independently.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781402079610
Publisher:
Springer US
Publication date:
05/31/2004
Edition description:
2004
Pages:
242
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

Dedication
Contributing Authors
Preface
Introduction

1: Fundamentals of Silicon-Based Phototransduction; Honghao Ji and Pamela A. Abshire
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Background Physics Of Light Sensing
1.3 Silicon-Based Photodetectors
1.4 Semiconductor Image Sensors
1.5 Information Rate
1.6 Summary

2: CMOS APS MTF Modeling; Igor Shcherback and Orly Yadid-Pecht
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Experimental Details
2.3 Physical Analysis
2.4 The Unified Model Description
2.5 Results And Discussion
2.6 Summary

3: Photoresponse Analysis And Pixel Shape Optimization For CMOS APS; Igor Shcherback and Orly Yadid-Pecht
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Photoresponse Model
3.3 Comparison With Experimental Results
3.4 CMOS APS Pixel Photoresponse Prediction For Scalable CMOS Technologies
3.5 Summary 4: Active Pixel Sensor Design: From Pixels To Systems; Alexander Fish and Orly Yadid-Pecht
4.1 Introduction
4.2 CMOS Image Sensors
4.3 APS System-on-a-chip Approach
4.4 Summary 5: Focal-Plane Analog Image Processing; Matthew A. Clapp, Viktor Gruev, and Ralph Etienne-Cummings
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Current-Domain Image Processing: The General Image Processor
5.3 Voltage-Domain Image Processing: The Temporal Difference Imager
5.4 Mixed-Mode Image Processing: The Centroid-Tracking Imager
5.5 Conclusions 6: CMOS Imager Non-Uniformity Correction Using Floating-Gate Adaptation; Marc Cohen and Gert Cauwenberghs
6. 1 Introduction
6.2 Adaptive Non-Uniformity Correction
6.3 Canceling Gain Non-Uniformity
6.4 Intensity Equalization
6.5 Focal Plane VLSI Implementation
6.6 VLSI System Architecture
6.7 Experimental Results
6.8 Discussion
6.9 Conclusions Appendix: List of Symbols
Index

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