Cognition: Theory and Applications (with Study Guide Printed Access Card) / Edition 7

Cognition: Theory and Applications (with Study Guide Printed Access Card) / Edition 7

by Stephen K. Reed
     
 

ISBN-10: 0495091561

ISBN-13: 9780495091561

Pub. Date: 03/20/2006

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Dr. Reed's Seventh Edition of COGNITION: THEORY AND APPLICATIONS focuses on the theories that underlie cognitive phenomena as well as empirical data that establishes a traditional, information processing approach to cognitive psychology. This structure allows undergraduates to discover the direct relevance of cognitive psychology to many of their daily

Overview

Dr. Reed's Seventh Edition of COGNITION: THEORY AND APPLICATIONS focuses on the theories that underlie cognitive phenomena as well as empirical data that establishes a traditional, information processing approach to cognitive psychology. This structure allows undergraduates to discover the direct relevance of cognitive psychology to many of their daily activities. The features of the text incorporate unparalleled scholarship with a distinctive clear voice that allows for the emphasis of both contemporary and classical research through real-life examples and experiments. The author incorporates the ever-evolving field and makes the material relevant to students' lives by including popular articles from current well-known magazines and newspapers. As in past editions, all of these materials have been revised to maintain a high degree of currency and accuracy. Three criteria were used to create the Seventh Edition: first, the material has to make an important contribution to cognitive psychology; second, the material has to be accessible to the reader; and third, the material needs to be understandable and interesting. Through the incorporation of these three criteria, the text becomes an invaluable tool in learning cognitive psychology.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780495091561
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
03/20/2006
Edition description:
7TH PKG
Pages:
512
Product dimensions:
7.50(w) x 9.40(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexvii
Part 1Information-Processing Stages
Chapter 1Introduction1
The Information-Processing Approach2
The Growth of Cognitive Psychology4
Cognition's Relation to Other Fields7
In the News 1.1 From Brain Scan to Lesson Plan10
Organization of This Book12
Study Questions14
Key Terms14
Recommended Reading15
Chapter 2Pattern Recognition17
In the News 2.1 Battling Bots19
Describing Patterns20
In the News 2.2 Why Do "They All Look Alike"?25
Information-Processing Stages30
Word Recognition35
Summary40
Study Questions41
Key Terms42
Recommended Reading42
Chapter 3Attention43
In the News 3.1 Brain Study May Help Identify Those at Risk for Alzheimer's45
Bottleneck Theories46
Capacity Theories52
Automatic Processing57
In the News 3.2 Training Quarterbacks61
Applications63
Summary66
Study Questions67
Key Terms68
Recommended Reading68
Chapter 4Short-Term Working Memory69
Forgetting71
Capacity76
Memory Codes80
Recognition of Items in Short-Term Memory84
Working Memory88
Summary93
Study Questions94
Key Terms95
Recommended Reading95
Chapter 5Long-Term Memory97
The Atkinson-Shiffrin Model100
Control Processes104
In the News 5.1 Teaching Students How to Learn105
Improving Eyewitness Recall and Identification111
In the News 5.2 Wait, Don't Tell Me!112
Indirect Tests of Memory116
Summary122
Study Questions122
Key Terms123
Recommended Reading124
Part 2Representation and Organization of Knowledge
Chapter 6Memory Codes125
The Levels-of-Processing Theory128
Supporting Evidence of the Levels-of-Processing Theory132
Criticisms and Modifications of the Theory135
In the News 6.1 Memories May Not Be Clear Even with "Unforgettable" Events141
Encoding Specificity and Retrieval142
In the News 6.2 Remembering in Tongues146
Summary148
Study Questions149
Key Terms150
Recommended Reading150
Chapter 7Visual Images151
Visual Imagery and Learning153
Evidence for Images in Performing Cognitive Tasks161
In the News 7.1 Mental Images Help Athletes Train Their Bodies168
Limitations of Images171
Summary178
Study Questions179
Key Terms179
Recommended Reading180
Chapter 8Categorization181
Concept Identification183
Natural Categories186
Categorizing Novel Patterns197
Summary205
Study Questions206
Key Terms207
Recommended Reading207
Chapter 9Semantic Organization209
Organization and Recall211
Verification of Semantic Statements215
In the News 9.1 Study May Shed Light on Why False Memories Appear Real to People224
Clusters of Knowledge228
Schema Theory233
Summary239
Study Questions240
Key Terms241
Recommended Reading241
Part 3Complex Cognitive Skills
Chapter 10Language243
Three Aspects of Language246
Psychology and Grammar251
In the News 10.1 Wording on Driver's Licenses Costs State Almost $250,000254
In the News 10.2 Psychologists' Research Can Help Computers' Language Skills256
Using Semantic Context in Sentence Comprehension257
Implications of Sentences265
Summary268
Study Questions269
Key Terms270
Recommended Reading270
Chapter 11Comprehension and Memory for Text271
Prior Knowledge of the Reader272
In the News 11.1 Speed-Reading Can Undermine Learning273
Organization of the Text279
Kintsch's Model of Comprehension288
Summary296
Study Questions296
Key Terms297
Recommended Reading298
Chapter 12Problem Solving299
Classifying Problems300
In the News 12.1 Pair of Crafty Inmates Melt Way Out of Jail305
Newell and Simon's Theory307
General Strategies311
In the News 12.2 Radiation Beams Target Tumors, Bypass Healthy Tissue315
Summary323
Study Questions323
Key Terms324
Recommended Reading325
Chapter 13Expertise and Creativity327
Expertise and Reasoning329
Acquiring Expertise335
Creativity341
Summary349
Study Questions350
Key Terms351
Recommended Reading351
Chapter 14Decision Making353
Making Choices354
Estimating Probabilities359
Combining Probabilities and Values363
In the News 14.1 Critics Want Government to Put a Standard Price on Human Life366
Risk Dimensions368
In the News 14.2 Lottery Fans Drawn to Bigger Prizes369
Applications371
In the News 14.3 Most Jurors Unwittingly Deliver Biased Verdicts376
Summary379
Study Questions380
Key Terms381
Recommended Reading382
Glossary383
References391
Name Index415
Subject Index419

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