Colin Powell and Condoleezza Rice: Foreign Policy, Race, and the New American Centuryby Clarence Lusane
"This work examines the roles played by Colin Powell and Condoleezza Rice in the construction of U.S. foreign policy, exploring the ways in which their racial identity challenges conventional notions about the role of race in international relations." "Neither Powell nor Rice consciously allowed their racial identity to substantially influence or characterize their… See more details below
"This work examines the roles played by Colin Powell and Condoleezza Rice in the construction of U.S. foreign policy, exploring the ways in which their racial identity challenges conventional notions about the role of race in international relations." "Neither Powell nor Rice consciously allowed their racial identity to substantially influence or characterize their participation in the defense and projection of U.S. hegemony, Clarence argues, but both used their racial identity and experiences strategically in key circumstances to defend Bush administration policies." Locating Powell and Rice within the genealogy of the current national security strategy, and within broader shifts under George W. Bush, Lusane argues that their racial location in the context of the construction of U.S. foreign policy is symbolic, and that it serves to distract from the substantive part they play in the ongoing reconfiguration of U.S. global power. Criticism of their policies, for example, is often blunted by race. Black liberals may be reluctant to condemn them; white liberals may be afraid criticism could be interpreted as racial bias. Lusane tackles these difficult issues along with others, asking whether there is a black consensus on foreign policy and, if so, what its dimensions, driving forces, and prospects for stability are.
"Lusane analyzes the impact of race on U.S. foreign policy by examining how former Secretary of State Colin Powell and current Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice have constructed current policy. He argues that African Americans have a long history of participating in U.S. foreign policy and that blacks serving in foreign-policy posts in previous administrations have embraced their racial identities and stressed racial equality in the world. This, he writes, was owing to the historical racism experienced by blacks in the United States. According to Lusane, Powell and Rice have not embraced their racial identities unless doing so has promised to advance the Bush administration's agenda; instead, both champion the idea of individualism. This break with tradition has upset many in the African American community….Recommended."
"This work argues that the racial identity of Secretary of State Colin Powell and National Security Adviser Condoleeza Rice, the first African Americans to be appointed to their positions, helped shape the presentation of the hegemonic foreign policy of the George W. Bush administration, but played very little role in the actual formation of that policy. Author Lusane suggests that they played a game of racial affinity that was used to justify a more dangerous foreign policy and to distract from their more substantive roles in policy formation. Along the way, he provides a history of African American attitudes towards foreign policy, examines the 2001 UN World Conference on Racism as a case study on the intersection of race and Bush foreign policy, and details the role of Powell and Rice in bringing us the Iraq War."
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"The author establishes that race has played a preeminent role in the assumptions underlying American foreign policy decisions and that the war on terrorism is narrowly defined to exclude the terrorism of global human security that Darfur and other places manifest….Lower-division undergraduates through graduate students."
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