College Physics / Edition 7

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Overview

College Physics conveys the fundamental concepts of algebra-based physics in a readable and concise manner. The authors emphasize the importance of conceptual understanding before solving problems numerically, use everyday life examples to keep students interested, and promote logical thinking to solve multiple step problems.

The Seventh Edition of this text presents an especially clear learning path, places a strong emphasis on understanding concepts and problem-solving, and for the first time, includes a book-specific version of MasteringPhysics.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Updated from its 1997 edition, this introductory college level physics text is strong on visual tools, from abundant color illustrations, photographs, and diagrams to "learn by drawing" segments and "insight" boxes presenting concrete applications of physics principles. Chapter reviews include a variety of exercises, with answers provided at the end of the text. The volume's 30 chapters are organized into six sections: mechanics, thermodynamics, oscillations and wave motion, electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Appendices list mathematical relationships, kinetic theory of gases, planetary data, alphabetical listing of chemical elements, and properties of selected isotopes. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321601834
  • Publisher: Addison-Wesley
  • Publication date: 2/16/2009
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 1104
  • Sales rank: 270,481
  • Product dimensions: 8.80 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Read an Excerpt

PREFACE:

Preface

We continue to believe that there are two goals any introductory physics course must accomplish, regardless of the approach, emphasis, or pedagogical techniques: (1) to impart an understanding of the basic physics principles and (2) to enable students to solve a variety of reasonable problems in topics presented in the text material.

These goals are linked. An understanding of physical principles is of limited use if it does not enable students to solve problems. Physics is a problem-solving science— and in the real world, students will be evaluated on their ability to produce correct answers on final exams or on the MCAT. Yet learning to solve problems by rote is not the same thing as learning physics. Knowing and doing— insight and skill— must go hand in hand.

Any deficiency in meeting the first goal is likely to be obvious. Test scores quickly get the attention of both test takers and test graders. Low grades demoralize instructors while discouraging students who, understandably, conclude that physics is "too hard" for any but the phenomenally gifted. Deficiencies in meeting the second goal tend to be more subtle. Research in physics education has shown that a surprising number of students who learn to solve typical problems well enough to pass examinations do so without ever arriving at a real understanding of the most elementary physical concepts. Such students often get high marks on exams, yet when asked to answer simple, qualitative questions designed to test their grasp of basic principles, they betray a surprising lack of insight. Simply put, they can solve quantitative problems and get the right answer, butthey do not know why it is right.

Achieving Our Goals— Features of the Fourth Edition

Most of the specific features of College Physics can be understood in light of these goals.

Conceptual Basis. We believe that giving students a secure grasp of physical principles will almost invariably enhance their problem-solving abilities. Central to this belief is an approach to the development of problem-solving skills that stresses the understanding of basic concepts, rather than the mechanical and rote use of formulas, as the essential foundation. Throughout the writing of College Physics, we have organized discussions and incorporated pedagogical tools to ensure that conceptual insight drives the development of practical skills.

Concise Coverage. To maintain a sharp focus on essential concepts, a book should emphasize the basics and minimize superfluous material. Topics of marginal interest have been avoided, as have those that present formal or mathematical difficulties for students. Similarly, we have not wasted space deriving relationships when they shed no additional light on the principle involved. It is usually more important for students in a course such as this to understand what a relationship means and how it can be used rather than the mathematical or analytical techniques employed to derive it.

Applications. College Physics has always been known for the strong mix of applications related to technology, science, architecture, medicine, and everyday life in its Insight boxes and text narrative. While the Fourth Edition continues to have a wider range of applications than do most texts, we have also increased the number of biological applications in recognition of the high percentage of pre-med and allied health majors who take this course. Some examples are the new Insight boxes Human Body Temperature, Electric Potential and Nerve Signal Transmission, and Magnetism in Nature. Overall, one-third of our Insight boxes are new. The Fourth Edition also contains many new applications within the text narrative and has an increased emphasis on real-world and applied topics in the worked Examples and end-of-chapter Exercises. A list of the most important applications with page references is found on p. xiii.

Visualization: "Learn by Drawing." visualization is one of the most important problemsolving tools in physics. In many cases, if students can make a sketch of a problem, they can solve it. "Learn by Drawing" features offer students specific help on making certain types of sketches,and graphs that will provide key insights into a variety of physical situations. The Fourth Edition has three new Learn by Drawing features, on the following topics: Cartesian coordinates and one dimensional motion, oscillation in a parabolic potential well, and the independence of potential difference on reference point.

Demonstrations. Photo sequences of 16 physics demonstrations bring physical principles to life, helping students understand that the information and equations on the page describe real-world phenomena.

Integrated Learning Objectives. Specific learning objectives, located at the beginning of each chapter section, help students structure their reading and facilitate review.

Suggested Problem-Solving Procedure. An extensive section (Section 1.7) provides a framework for thinking about problem solving. This section includes:

  • An overview of problem-solving strategies;
  • A seven-step procedure that is general enough to apply to most problems in physics but is easily used in specific situations;
  • Three Examples that illustrate the problemsolving process, showing how the general procedure is applied in practice.
Problem-Solving Strategies and Hints. The initial treatment of problem solving is followed up throughout College Physics with an abundance of suggestions, tips, cautions, shortcuts, and useful techiques for solving specific kinds of problems. These strategies and hints help students apply general principles to specific contexts as well as avoid common pitfalls and misunderstandings.

Conceptual Examples. College Physics was among the first physics text to include examples that are conceptual in nature in addition to quantitative ones. Our Conceptual Examples ask students to think about a physical situation and choose the correct prediction on the basis of an understanding of relevant principles. The discussion that follows (Reasoning and Answer) explains clearly how the correct answer can be identified as well as why the other answers are wrong.

More Explanation in Examples. Too many solutions to worked examples in other texts rely on formulas such as "From Eq. 6.7 we have. . . ." We have tried to make the solutions to in-text Examples as clear, patient, and detailed as possible. The aim is not merely to show students which equations to use but to explain the strategy being employed and the role of each step in the overall plan. Students are encouraged to learn the "why" of each step along with the "how." This technique will make it easier for students to apply the demonstrated techniques to other problems that are not identical in structure.

Thinking It Through. New to the Fourth Edition, every worked Example now includes a "Thinking It Through" section after the problem statement and before the Solution to focus students on the critical thinking and analysis they should do before beginning to use equations.

Follow-up Exercises. Follow-up Exercises at the end of each Conceptual Example and each regular worked Example further reinforce the importance of conceptual understanding and offer additional practice. (Answers to Follow-up Exercises are given at the back of the book.)

Chapter Review. Each Chapter Review is made up of three parts:

  1. Important Terms: A listing, with page references, of the key terms introduced in the chapter that students should be able to define and explain.
  2. Important Concepts: A summary of the key principles of each chapter.
  3. Important Equations: A listing, cross-referenced to the equations in the chapter, of the major laws and mathematical relationships introduced. Specific applicability and limiting conditions are clearly stated for each expression.
Exercises. Each chapter ends with a wealth of Exercises, organized by chapter section and ranked by general level of difficulty. In addition, the Exercises offer the following special features to help students refine both their conceptual understanding and their problem-solving skills:
  • Integration of Conceptual and Quantitative Exercises. To help break down the artificial and ultimately counterproductive barrier between conceptual questions and quantitative problems, we do not distinguish between these categories in the end-of-chapter Exercises. Instead, each section begins with a series of multiple-choice and short-answer questions that provide content review, test conceptual understanding, and ask students to reason from principles. The aim is to show students that the same kind of conceptual insight is required regardless of whether the desired answer involves words, equations, or numbers. The conceptual or "thought" questions are marked by a bold TQ in the Annotated Instructor's Edition of the text for easy reference when assigning questions. Unlike most other texts, College Physics offers short answers to all odd-numbered conceptual questions (as well as to all odd-numbered quantitative problems) in the back of the text so that students can check their understanding. About 35% of all Thought Questions and Exercises in the Fourth Edition are new.
  • Interactive Exercises. New to the Fourth Edition, many of the end-of-chapter Exercises are keyed to simulations on Prentice Hall's multimedia study guide, the Interactive Journey through Physics. Exercises that have a corresponding simulation are indicated with a CD-ROM icon. The College Physics Media Pack (ISBN 0-13-085346-1), a specially discounted package consisting of the text and Interactive Journey through Physics CD-ROM, includes a crossreference/location guide to allow you to match Exercise numbers to corresponding simulations.
  • Paired and Trio Exercises. Most numbered sections include at least one set of paired Exercises and, new to the Fourth Edition, one set of trio Exercises, that deal with similar situations. The first problem in a pair or trio is solved in the Study Guide; the second problem, exploring a similar situation, has only an answer at the back of the book, thereby encouraging students to work out the problem on their own. The third problem in a trio is answered in the Student Study Guide and Solutions Manual

    .

  • Additional Exercises. Each chapter includes a supplemental section of Additional Exercises drawn from all sections of the chapter to ensure that students can synthesize concepts.
The Absolutely Zero Tolerance for Errors Club (The AZTECs). This team approach to accuracy checking worked quite well in the third edition, so we did it again. Bo Lou of Ferris State University, the author of our Instructor's Solutions Manual, headed the AZTEC team and was supported by the text authors and two additional accuracy checkers, Bill McCorkle of West Liberty State University and Dave Curott of the University of North Alabama. Each member of the team individually and independently worked all end-of-chapter Exercises. The results were then collected, and any discrepancies were resolved by a "team" discussion. All data in the chapters, as well as the answers at the back of the book, were checked and rechecked in first and second page proofs. In addition, two other physics teachers— J. Erik Hendrickson and K. W. Nicholson— read all first pages in detail, checking for errors in the chapter narrative and text art. Although it is probably not humanly possible to produce a physics text with absolutely no errors, that was our goal; we worked very hard to make the book as error-free as we could.

New Multimedia Explorations of Physics

New to the Fourth Edition are a state-of-the art Website and a CD-ROM media package.

Companion Website. Our Website (at http://www.prenhall.com/wilson), with contributions from leaders in physics education research, provides students with a variety of interactive explorations of each chapter's topics, easily accommodating differences in learning styles. Student tools include Warm-Ups, Puzzles, and "What Is Physics Good For?" applications by Gregor Novak and Andy Gavrin (Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis); award-winning Java-based Physlet problems by Wolfgang Christian (Davidson College); algorithmically generated numerical Practice Problems, multiple-choice Practice Questions, online Destinations, and Net Search key words by Carl Adler (East Carolina University); Ranking Task Exercises edited by Tom O'Kuma (Lee College), David Maloney (Indiana University-Purdue University, Fort Wayne) and Curtis Hieggelke (Joliet Junior College); downloadable PDF files for a Mechanics Problem-Solving Workbook by Dan Smith (South Carolina State University); and MCAT Questions by Glen Terrell (University of Texas at Arlington) and from ARCO's MCAT Supercourse. Using the Preferences module at the opening of the site or the tool in the "Results reporter" part of each module, students can, at a professor's request, have the results of their work on the Companion Website e-mailed to the professor or teaching assistant. Instructor tools include on-line grading capabilities and a Syllabus Manager. See pp. xxviii-xxiv for further information about the modules in this site.

Media Pack for College Physics, Fourth Edition (0-13-085346-1). College Physics, Fourth Edition can be purchased in a specially discounted package called the Media Pack, which includes the student text, the dual-platform Interactive Journey through Physics (IJTP) CDROM by Cindy Schwarz (Vassar College) and Logal, Inc., Science on the Internet: A Student's Guide, 1999 by Andrew Stull, and a cross-reference/location guide to correlate Exercises in the text marked with a CD-ROM icon and corresponding simulations on the IJTP CD-ROM. This CDROM is a multimedia study guide for physics, with simulations, animations, videos, hyperlinked topic reviews, MCAT review questions and problems (including Ranking Task Exercises, contextrich problems, and video problems) for mechanics, thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, and light and optics. It also includes a built-in scientific calculator with a library of key physics constants, a glossary, and pertinent tables and equations. See pp. xxx-xxxi for a complete description of the types of materials on the IJTP CD-ROM.

Additional Supplements

The pedagogical value of College Physics is enhanced by a variety of supplements developed to address the needs of both students and instructors.

For the Instructor

Annotated Instructor's Edition (0-13-084167-6). The margins of the Annotated Instructor's Edition (AIE) contain an abundance of suggestions for classroom demonstrations and activities, along with teaching tips (points to emphasize, discussion suggestions, and common misunderstandings to avoid). In addition, the AIE contains:

  • Icons that identify each illustration reproduced as a transparency in the Transparency Pack.
  • Answers to end-of-chapter Exercises (following each Exercise).
  • References to applicable video demonstrations from the Physics You Can See videotape.

Instructor's Solutions Manual (0-13-084168-4). Prepared by Bo Lou of Ferris State University, the Instructor's Solutions Manual supplies answers with complete, worked-out solutions to all end-of-chapter Exercises. Each solution has been checked for accuracy by a minimum of five instructors. This manual is also available electronically on both Windows and Macintosh platforms.

Test Item File (0-13-084160-9). Fully revised by Dave Curott of the University of North Alabama, the Test Item File now offers more than 2300 questions— approximately 30% of them new to this edition— and includes several new conceptual questions per chapter. The questions are now organized and referenced by type and by section.

Prentice Hall Custom Test (Windows: 0-13-084171-4; Macintosh: 0-13084172-2). Based on the powerful testing technology developed by Engineering Software Associates, Inc. (ESA), the Prentice Hall Custom Test allows instructors to create and tailor exams to their own needs. With the On-line Testing Program, exams can also be administered on-line and data can then be automatically transferred for evaluation. A comprehensive desk reference guide is included, along with on-line assistance.

Transparency Pack (0-13-084175-7). The Transparency Pack contains more than 300 full-color acetates of text illustrations useful for class lectures. It is available upon adoption of the text.

Physics You Can See Video Demonstrations (0-205-12393-7). Each segment, 25 minutes long, demonstrates a classical physics experiment. Eleven segments are included, such as "Coin & Feather" (acceleration due to gravity), "Monkey & Gun" (rate of vertical free fall), "Swivel Hips" (force pairs), and "Collapse a Can" (atmospheric pressure).

Presentation Manager CD-ROM (0-13-084174-9). This new CD-ROM contains all the text art and videos from the Physics You Can See videotape as well as additional lab and demonstration videos and animations from the Interactive Journey through Physics CD-ROM, which is also available from Prentice Hall (see below).

Just-in-Time Teaching: Blending Active Learning with Web Technology (013-085034-9). Just-in-Time Teaching (JiTT) is an exciting new teaching and learning methodology designed to engage students. Using feedback from pre-class Web assignments, instructors can adjust classroom lessons so that students receive rapid response to the specific questions and problems they are having— instead of more generic lectures that may or may not address topics with which students actually need help. Many teachers have found that this process makes students become active and interested learners. In this resource book for educators, authors Gregor Novak (Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis), Evelyn Patterson (United States Air Force Academy), Andrew Gavrin (Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis), and Wolfgang Christian (Davidson College) more fully explain what Just-in-Time Teaching is, its underlying goals and philosophies, and how to implement it. They also provide an extensive section of tested resource materials that can be used in introductory physics courses with the JiTT approach.

For the Student

Student Study Guide and Solutions Manual (0-13-084365-2). Significantly revised by Bo Lou of Ferris State University, the Student Study Guide and Solutions Manual presents chapter-by chapter reviews, chapter summaries, key terms, additional worked problems, and solutions to selected problems.

The New York Times "Themes of the Times" Program. This innovative program, made possible through an exclusive partnership between Prentice Hall and The New York Times, brings current and relevant applications into the classroom. Through this program, adopters of College Physics, Fourth Edition are eligible to receive our free, unique "mini-newspapers," which bring together a collection of the latest and best physics articles from the highly respected pages of The New York Times. They are updated annually and are free to qualified adopters up to the quantity of texts purchased. Contact your local representative for ordering.

MCAT Physics Study Guide (0-13-627951-1). This study resource by Joseph Boone of California Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo references all of the physics topics on the MCAT to the appropriate sections in the text. Since most MCAT questions require more thought and reasoning than simply plugging numbers into an equation, this study guide is designed to refresh students' memory about the topics they've covered in class. Additional review, practice problems, and review questions are included.

Science on the Internet: A Student's Guide, 1999 (0-13-021308-X). This guide helps students gain a greater understanding of the Internet and the ways in which they can access information on the Web relating to their study of physics.

Other Related Multimedia Materials

Interactive Physics II Player Workbook (Windows: 0-13-667312-0; Macintosh: 0-13-477670-4). Written by Cindy Schwarz of Vassar College, this highly interactive workbook/software package contains simulation projects of varying difficulty. Each includes a physics review, simulation details, hints, an explanation of results, math help, and a self-test.

Interactive journey through Physics CD-ROM (0-13-254103-3). This highly interactive CD-ROM can be used as a stand-alone supplement for any introductory physics course or as a general reference tool. Through simulation, animation, video, and interactive problem solving, students can visualize difficult physics concepts in ways not available through the traditional lecture, lab, and text. The innovative concept checks and extension exercises within the simulations facilitate the reinforcement of important physical concepts. The content of this CDROM is organized according to the main topics in physics— mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics, and light and optics. The numerous analysis tools are easily navigated through a userfriendly interface. See the previous description under Media Pack and pp. xxx-xxxi for more detail about the IJTP CD-ROM, and see ordering information for the discounted price when purchased with College Physics, Fourth Edition, in the Media Pack.

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Table of Contents

Preface

1. Measurement and Problem Solving

2. Kinematics: Description of Motion

3. Motion in Two Dimensions

4. Force and Motion

5. Work and Energy

6. Linear Momentum and Collisions

7. Circular Motion and Gravitation

8. Rotational Motion and Equilibrium

9. Solids and Fluids

10. Temperature and Kinetic Theory

11. Heat

12. Thermodynamics

13. Vibrations and Waves

14. Sound

15. Electric Charge, Forces, and Fields

16. Electric Potential, Energy, and Capacitance

17. Electric Current and Resistance

18. Basic Electric Circuits

19. Magnetism

20. Electromagnetic Induction and Waves

21. AC Circuits

22. Reflection and Refraction of Light

23. Mirrors and Lenses

24. Physical Optics: The Wave Nature of Light

25. Vision and Optical Instruments

26. Relativity

27. Quantum Physics

28. Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Physics

29. The Nucleus

30. Nuclear Reactions and Elementary Particles

Appendixes

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Preface

PREFACE:

Preface

We continue to believe that there are two goals any introductory physics course must accomplish, regardless of the approach, emphasis, or pedagogical techniques: (1) to impart an understanding of the basic physics principles and (2) to enable students to solve a variety of reasonable problems in topics presented in the text material.

These goals are linked. An understanding of physical principles is of limited use if it does not enable students to solve problems. Physics is a problem-solving science— and in the real world, students will be evaluated on their ability to produce correct answers on final exams or on the MCAT. Yet learning to solve problems by rote is not the same thing as learning physics. Knowing and doing— insight and skill— must go hand in hand.

Any deficiency in meeting the first goal is likely to be obvious. Test scores quickly get the attention of both test takers and test graders. Low grades demoralize instructors while discouraging students who, understandably, conclude that physics is "too hard" for any but the phenomenally gifted. Deficiencies in meeting the second goal tend to be more subtle. Research in physics education has shown that a surprising number of students who learn to solve typical problems well enough to pass examinations do so without ever arriving at a real understanding of the most elementary physical concepts. Such students often get high marks on exams, yet when asked to answer simple, qualitative questions designed to test their grasp of basic principles, they betray a surprising lack of insight. Simply put, they can solve quantitative problems and get the right answer,butthey do not know why it is right.

Achieving Our Goals— Features of the Fourth Edition

Most of the specific features of College Physics can be understood in light of these goals.

Conceptual Basis. We believe that giving students a secure grasp of physical principles will almost invariably enhance their problem-solving abilities. Central to this belief is an approach to the development of problem-solving skills that stresses the understanding of basic concepts, rather than the mechanical and rote use of formulas, as the essential foundation. Throughout the writing of College Physics, we have organized discussions and incorporated pedagogical tools to ensure that conceptual insight drives the development of practical skills.

Concise Coverage. To maintain a sharp focus on essential concepts, a book should emphasize the basics and minimize superfluous material. Topics of marginal interest have been avoided, as have those that present formal or mathematical difficulties for students. Similarly, we have not wasted space deriving relationships when they shed no additional light on the principle involved. It is usually more important for students in a course such as this to understand what a relationship means and how it can be used rather than the mathematical or analytical techniques employed to derive it.

Applications. College Physics has always been known for the strong mix of applications related to technology, science, architecture, medicine, and everyday life in its Insight boxes and text narrative. While the Fourth Edition continues to have a wider range of applications than do most texts, we have also increased the number of biological applications in recognition of the high percentage of pre-med and allied health majors who take this course. Some examples are the new Insight boxes Human Body Temperature, Electric Potential and Nerve Signal Transmission, and Magnetism in Nature. Overall, one-third of our Insight boxes are new. The Fourth Edition also contains many new applications within the text narrative and has an increased emphasis on real-world and applied topics in the worked Examples and end-of-chapter Exercises. A list of the most important applications with page references is found on p. xiii.

Visualization: "Learn by Drawing." visualization is one of the most important problemsolving tools in physics. In many cases, if students can make a sketch of a problem, they can solve it. "Learn by Drawing" features offer students specific help on making certain types of sketches,and graphs that will provide key insights into a variety of physical situations. The Fourth Edition has three new Learn by Drawing features, on the following topics: Cartesian coordinates and one dimensional motion, oscillation in a parabolic potential well, and the independence of potential difference on reference point.

Demonstrations. Photo sequences of 16 physics demonstrations bring physical principles to life, helping students understand that the information and equations on the page describe real-world phenomena.

Integrated Learning Objectives. Specific learning objectives, located at the beginning of each chapter section, help students structure their reading and facilitate review.

Suggested Problem-Solving Procedure. An extensive section (Section 1.7) provides a framework for thinking about problem solving. This section includes:

  • An overview of problem-solving strategies;
  • A seven-step procedure that is general enough to apply to most problems in physics but is easily used in specific situations;
  • Three Examples that illustrate the problemsolving process, showing how the general procedure is applied in practice.
Problem-Solving Strategies and Hints. The initial treatment of problem solving is followed up throughout College Physics with an abundance of suggestions, tips, cautions, shortcuts, and useful techiques for solving specific kinds of problems. These strategies and hints help students apply general principles to specific contexts as well as avoid common pitfalls and misunderstandings.

Conceptual Examples. College Physics was among the first physics text to include examples that are conceptual in nature in addition to quantitative ones. Our Conceptual Examples ask students to think about a physical situation and choose the correct prediction on the basis of an understanding of relevant principles. The discussion that follows (Reasoning and Answer) explains clearly how the correct answer can be identified as well as why the other answers are wrong.

More Explanation in Examples. Too many solutions to worked examples in other texts rely on formulas such as "From Eq. 6.7 we have. . . ." We have tried to make the solutions to in-text Examples as clear, patient, and detailed as possible. The aim is not merely to show students which equations to use but to explain the strategy being employed and the role of each step in the overall plan. Students are encouraged to learn the "why" of each step along with the "how." This technique will make it easier for students to apply the demonstrated techniques to other problems that are not identical in structure.

Thinking It Through. New to the Fourth Edition, every worked Example now includes a "Thinking It Through" section after the problem statement and before the Solution to focus students on the critical thinking and analysis they should do before beginning to use equations.

Follow-up Exercises. Follow-up Exercises at the end of each Conceptual Example and each regular worked Example further reinforce the importance of conceptual understanding and offer additional practice. (Answers to Follow-up Exercises are given at the back of the book.)

Chapter Review. Each Chapter Review is made up of three parts:

  1. Important Terms: A listing, with page references, of the key terms introduced in the chapter that students should be able to define and explain.
  2. Important Concepts: A summary of the key principles of each chapter.
  3. Important Equations: A listing, cross-referenced to the equations in the chapter, of the major laws and mathematical relationships introduced. Specific applicability and limiting conditions are clearly stated for each expression.
Exercises. Each chapter ends with a wealth of Exercises, organized by chapter section and ranked by general level of difficulty. In addition, the Exercises offer the following special features to help students refine both their conceptual understanding and their problem-solving skills:
  • Integration of Conceptual and Quantitative Exercises. To help break down the artificial and ultimately counterproductive barrier between conceptual questions and quantitative problems, we do not distinguish between these categories in the end-of-chapter Exercises. Instead, each section begins with a series of multiple-choice and short-answer questions that provide content review, test conceptual understanding, and ask students to reason from principles. The aim is to show students that the same kind of conceptual insight is required regardless of whether the desired answer involves words, equations, or numbers. The conceptual or "thought" questions are marked by a bold TQ in the Annotated Instructor's Edition of the text for easy reference when assigning questions. Unlike most other texts, College Physics offers short answers to all odd-numbered conceptual questions (as well as to all odd-numbered quantitative problems) in the back of the text so that students can check their understanding. About 35% of all Thought Questions and Exercises in the Fourth Edition are new.
  • Interactive Exercises. New to the Fourth Edition, many of the end-of-chapter Exercises are keyed to simulations on Prentice Hall's multimedia study guide, the Interactive Journey through Physics. Exercises that have a corresponding simulation are indicated with a CD-ROM icon. The College Physics Media Pack (ISBN 0-13-085346-1), a specially discounted package consisting of the text and Interactive Journey through Physics CD-ROM, includes a crossreference/location guide to allow you to match Exercise numbers to corresponding simulations.
  • Paired and Trio Exercises. Most numbered sections include at least one set of paired Exercises and, new to the Fourth Edition, one set of trio Exercises, that deal with similar situations. The first problem in a pair or trio is solved in the Study Guide; the second problem, exploring a similar situation, has only an answer at the back of the book, thereby encouraging students to work out the problem on their own. The third problem in a trio is answered in the Student Study Guide and Solutions Manual

    .

  • Additional Exercises. Each chapter includes a supplemental section of Additional Exercises drawn from all sections of the chapter to ensure that students can synthesize concepts.
The Absolutely Zero Tolerance for Errors Club (The AZTECs). This team approach to accuracy checking worked quite well in the third edition, so we did it again. Bo Lou of Ferris State University, the author of our Instructor's Solutions Manual, headed the AZTEC team and was supported by the text authors and two additional accuracy checkers, Bill McCorkle of West Liberty State University and Dave Curott of the University of North Alabama. Each member of the team individually and independently worked all end-of-chapter Exercises. The results were then collected, and any discrepancies were resolved by a "team" discussion. All data in the chapters, as well as the answers at the back of the book, were checked and rechecked in first and second page proofs. In addition, two other physics teachers— J. Erik Hendrickson and K. W. Nicholson— read all first pages in detail, checking for errors in the chapter narrative and text art. Although it is probably not humanly possible to produce a physics text with absolutely no errors, that was our goal; we worked very hard to make the book as error-free as we could.

New Multimedia Explorations of Physics

New to the Fourth Edition are a state-of-the art Website and a CD-ROM media package.

Companion Website. Our Website (at http://www.prenhall.com/wilson), with contributions from leaders in physics education research, provides students with a variety of interactive explorations of each chapter's topics, easily accommodating differences in learning styles. Student tools include Warm-Ups, Puzzles, and "What Is Physics Good For?" applications by Gregor Novak and Andy Gavrin (Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis); award-winning Java-based Physlet problems by Wolfgang Christian (Davidson College); algorithmically generated numerical Practice Problems, multiple-choice Practice Questions, online Destinations, and Net Search key words by Carl Adler (East Carolina University); Ranking Task Exercises edited by Tom O'Kuma (Lee College), David Maloney (Indiana University-Purdue University, Fort Wayne) and Curtis Hieggelke (Joliet Junior College); downloadable PDF files for a Mechanics Problem-Solving Workbook by Dan Smith (South Carolina State University); and MCAT Questions by Glen Terrell (University of Texas at Arlington) and from ARCO's MCAT Supercourse. Using the Preferences module at the opening of the site or the tool in the "Results reporter" part of each module, students can, at a professor's request, have the results of their work on the Companion Website e-mailed to the professor or teaching assistant. Instructor tools include on-line grading capabilities and a Syllabus Manager. See pp. xxviii-xxiv for further information about the modules in this site.

Media Pack for College Physics, Fourth Edition (0-13-085346-1). College Physics, Fourth Edition can be purchased in a specially discounted package called the Media Pack, which includes the student text, the dual-platform Interactive Journey through Physics (IJTP) CDROM by Cindy Schwarz (Vassar College) and Logal, Inc., Science on the Internet: A Student's Guide, 1999 by Andrew Stull, and a cross-reference/location guide to correlate Exercises in the text marked with a CD-ROM icon and corresponding simulations on the IJTP CD-ROM. This CDROM is a multimedia study guide for physics, with simulations, animations, videos, hyperlinked topic reviews, MCAT review questions and problems (including Ranking Task Exercises, contextrich problems, and video problems) for mechanics, thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, and light and optics. It also includes a built-in scientific calculator with a library of key physics constants, a glossary, and pertinent tables and equations. See pp. xxx-xxxi for a complete description of the types of materials on the IJTP CD-ROM.

Additional Supplements

The pedagogical value of College Physics is enhanced by a variety of supplements developed to address the needs of both students and instructors.

For the Instructor

Annotated Instructor's Edition (0-13-084167-6). The margins of the Annotated Instructor's Edition (AIE) contain an abundance of suggestions for classroom demonstrations and activities, along with teaching tips (points to emphasize, discussion suggestions, and common misunderstandings to avoid). In addition, the AIE contains:

  • Icons that identify each illustration reproduced as a transparency in the Transparency Pack.
  • Answers to end-of-chapter Exercises (following each Exercise).
  • References to applicable video demonstrations from the Physics You Can See videotape.

Instructor's Solutions Manual (0-13-084168-4). Prepared by Bo Lou of Ferris State University, the Instructor's Solutions Manual supplies answers with complete, worked-out solutions to all end-of-chapter Exercises. Each solution has been checked for accuracy by a minimum of five instructors. This manual is also available electronically on both Windows and Macintosh platforms.

Test Item File (0-13-084160-9). Fully revised by Dave Curott of the University of North Alabama, the Test Item File now offers more than 2300 questions— approximately 30% of them new to this edition— and includes several new conceptual questions per chapter. The questions are now organized and referenced by type and by section.

Prentice Hall Custom Test (Windows: 0-13-084171-4; Macintosh: 0-13084172-2). Based on the powerful testing technology developed by Engineering Software Associates, Inc. (ESA), the Prentice Hall Custom Test allows instructors to create and tailor exams to their own needs. With the On-line Testing Program, exams can also be administered on-line and data can then be automatically transferred for evaluation. A comprehensive desk reference guide is included, along with on-line assistance.

Transparency Pack (0-13-084175-7). The Transparency Pack contains more than 300 full-color acetates of text illustrations useful for class lectures. It is available upon adoption of the text.

Physics You Can See Video Demonstrations (0-205-12393-7). Each segment, 25 minutes long, demonstrates a classical physics experiment. Eleven segments are included, such as "Coin & Feather" (acceleration due to gravity), "Monkey & Gun" (rate of vertical free fall), "Swivel Hips" (force pairs), and "Collapse a Can" (atmospheric pressure).

Presentation Manager CD-ROM (0-13-084174-9). This new CD-ROM contains all the text art and videos from the Physics You Can See videotape as well as additional lab and demonstration videos and animations from the Interactive Journey through Physics CD-ROM, which is also available from Prentice Hall (see below).

Just-in-Time Teaching: Blending Active Learning with Web Technology (013-085034-9). Just-in-Time Teaching (JiTT) is an exciting new teaching and learning methodology designed to engage students. Using feedback from pre-class Web assignments, instructors can adjust classroom lessons so that students receive rapid response to the specific questions and problems they are having— instead of more generic lectures that may or may not address topics with which students actually need help. Many teachers have found that this process makes students become active and interested learners. In this resource book for educators, authors Gregor Novak (Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis), Evelyn Patterson (United States Air Force Academy), Andrew Gavrin (Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis), and Wolfgang Christian (Davidson College) more fully explain what Just-in-Time Teaching is, its underlying goals and philosophies, and how to implement it. They also provide an extensive section of tested resource materials that can be used in introductory physics courses with the JiTT approach.

For the Student

Student Study Guide and Solutions Manual (0-13-084365-2). Significantly revised by Bo Lou of Ferris State University, the Student Study Guide and Solutions Manual presents chapter-by chapter reviews, chapter summaries, key terms, additional worked problems, and solutions to selected problems.

The New York Times "Themes of the Times" Program. This innovative program, made possible through an exclusive partnership between Prentice Hall and The New York Times, brings current and relevant applications into the classroom. Through this program, adopters of College Physics, Fourth Edition are eligible to receive our free, unique "mini-newspapers," which bring together a collection of the latest and best physics articles from the highly respected pages of The New York Times. They are updated annually and are free to qualified adopters up to the quantity of texts purchased. Contact your local representative for ordering.

MCAT Physics Study Guide (0-13-627951-1). This study resource by Joseph Boone of California Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo references all of the physics topics on the MCAT to the appropriate sections in the text. Since most MCAT questions require more thought and reasoning than simply plugging numbers into an equation, this study guide is designed to refresh students' memory about the topics they've covered in class. Additional review, practice problems, and review questions are included.

Science on the Internet: A Student's Guide, 1999 (0-13-021308-X). This guide helps students gain a greater understanding of the Internet and the ways in which they can access information on the Web relating to their study of physics.

Other Related Multimedia Materials

Interactive Physics II Player Workbook (Windows: 0-13-667312-0; Macintosh: 0-13-477670-4). Written by Cindy Schwarz of Vassar College, this highly interactive workbook/software package contains simulation projects of varying difficulty. Each includes a physics review, simulation details, hints, an explanation of results, math help, and a self-test.

Interactive journey through Physics CD-ROM (0-13-254103-3). This highly interactive CD-ROM can be used as a stand-alone supplement for any introductory physics course or as a general reference tool. Through simulation, animation, video, and interactive problem solving, students can visualize difficult physics concepts in ways not available through the traditional lecture, lab, and text. The innovative concept checks and extension exercises within the simulations facilitate the reinforcement of important physical concepts. The content of this CDROM is organized according to the main topics in physics— mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics, and light and optics. The numerous analysis tools are easily navigated through a userfriendly interface. See the previous description under Media Pack and pp. xxx-xxxi for more detail about the IJTP CD-ROM, and see ordering information for the discounted price when purchased with College Physics, Fourth Edition, in the Media Pack.

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