The Colonial Era: A Documentary Reader / Edition 1

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Comprehensive and accessible, The Colonial Era: A Documentary Reader offers a clear and original framework for studying the important issues in colonial American history. It opens by painting a broad canvas of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, then, as it moves to the eighteenth century, focuses down on a narrower geographical era. The selections also aim for the thematic breadth than is crucial for understanding colonial America.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"A stunning collection of familiar and newly mined sources that introduces students firsthand to the breadth of Atlantic world experiences of Native Americans, Africans, and Europeans."
Jean R. Soderlund, Lehigh University

"This remarkable collection encourages students to glimpse the many faces of colonial America, sample the varied sources historians use, and, most important, think critically about how we know the past."
Daniel K. Richter, University of Pennsylvania

"Clemens has assembled a challenging array of primary documents that highlight the extraordinary Atlantic dimensions of British America. His blend of private, published, and institutional sources sheds light on important topics ranging from exploration, cross-cultural encounters, and labor systems to the quest for enlightenment, salvation, civility, profit, and survival on an American frontier stretching beyond the Thirteen Colonies. This is an immensely valuable collection that will provoke lively classroom discussions."
Michael Jarvis, University of Rochester

"Distinguished by its carefully chosen, substantial, and well-edited documents, this superb reader also offers a thoughtful introduction, thought-provoking discussion questions, helpful guidance for further exploration, and useful, unobtrusive headnotes to the texts. Who could ask for more?"
Fred Anderson, University of Colorado at Boulder

"This remarkable reader offers students a wide range and diverse set of documents, which in turn provide a compelling and comprehensive view of colonial America. It is a superb collection."
Philip Morgan, Johns Hopkins University

"These marvellously diverse documents will introduce students to the full complexity of colonial America, and Professor Clemens's expert commentaries should inspire students to reconsider the very nature of historical analysis."
Steve Sarson, University of Wales, Swansea

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Paul G. E. Clemens has taught colonial history at the New Brunswick campus of Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, for more than thirty years. He is the author of The Atlantic Economy and Colonial Maryland’s Eastern Shore (1980), awarded the Albert J. Beveridge Award of the American Historical Association for the best book on the history of the United States, Canada, or Latin America; and coauthor of Land Use in Early New Jersey (1995).

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations     xiii
Series Editors' Preface     xv
Acknowledgments     xvii
Introduction     1
Beginnings     19
English and African Background     21
Gregory King's A Scheme of the Income and Expence of the several Families of England, calculated for the Year 1688     21
William Harrison's Description of England, 1577     23
Gomes Eanes de Zurara's Chronicle of the Initial Portuguese Voyages to Sub-Saharan Africa, 1453     26
How those caravels arrived at the river of Nile, and of the Guineas that they took     26
How the caravels set forth from the river, and of the voyage which they made     27
Olaudah Equiano Recounts his Life in Africa before Being Captured by Slave Traders, 1789     28
Images of the New World     32
Amerigo Vespucci Discovers America, ca. 1570s     32
Amerigo Vespucci Describes his First (Third) Voyage to "America," 1505/6     34
A Native American Warrior, ca. 1590     36
John Smith, Of the Naturall Inhabitants of Virginia, 1624     37
Pocahontas in England     39
John Smith on Pocahontas, 1624     39
Illustration from John Lawson's A New Voyage to Carolina, 1709     41
John Lawson's History of NorthCarolina, 1709     41
Native American Lives     45
The Beginning of the World - Costanoan California Native American Story     45
A Dutch View of the Native Americans in the New Netherlands, from a Letter of Isaack de Rasieres to Samuel Blommaert, ca. 1628     46
A French Jesuit Missionary Reports on Life Among the Illinois, 1675     49
Joseph Francis Lafitau, Portrait of Iroquois and Huron Culture, 1724     50
Borderlands     54
Dutch-Native American Relations Deteriorate: Kieft's War, 1640-1645     54
The Natural Wonders of California: Jose de Galvez's Expedition, 1769-1770, as Recorded by Father (Franciscan) Juan Crespi     56
Pedro Fages Describes California Native Americans, 1775     58
Natchez War in Louisiana, 1729-1730     61
Founding Colonies     63
John Winthrop's A Modell of Christian Charity, 1630     63
Slave and Servant Codes in the Seventeenth-Century English West Indies: Barbados Laws for Servants (and Slaves), 1652     66
A Jamaica Act "For the better Ordering of Slaves," 1684     67
The Concessions and Agreements of the Proprietors, Freeholders, and Inhabitants of the Province of West New Jersey, 1676/1677     69=970 14$lChapter XVI     69=970 14$lChapter XVII     69=970 14$lChapter XXV     70
William Penn Purchases Land from the Lenape (Delaware) Indians, 1682     70
Northern Colonies     75
Articles of Agreement Among the First Settlers of Springfield, Massachusetts, 1636     75
John Winthrop Describes Congregational Minister John Eliot's Work as a Missionary to the Native Americans in Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1647     78
The Raid on Deerfield, 1704     80
"An account of y[superscript e] destruction at Deerfd febr 29, 1703/4," by Samuel Partridge     82
"Account of the Captivity of the Rev. Doctor Stephen Williams, Written by Himself"     83
"When I Was Carryed to Canada," attributed to Joseph Kellogg of Deerfield     86
Southern Colonies     88
Richard Frethorne's Letter from Jamestown to his Parents in England, 1623     88
Witchcraft Trial of Jeane Gardiner, Bermuda, 1651     91
Cases Before the Maryland Provincial Court in the 1650s     93
A Case of Adultery/Fornication, 1652     93
A Case of Murder, 1653     95
An Agreement about Marriage, 1657     97
Hans Sloane, Observations on Living in Jamaica, 1707     98
The Eighteenth Century     103
Politics     105
Address of the House of Representatives of the Massachusetts Bay to the King. November 22, 1728     105
A Virginia Election Dispute, 1740     108
A Contested Election in Pennsylvania, 1742     110
Economy     113
Commerce at the Port of Bristol, Great Britain, July 2, 1731     113
A New England Farmer's Expectations of Profit, 1742     118
The Business of a South Carolina Commission Merchant, 1738 and 1740     120
Empire     124
A Memorial Concerning the Fur Trade of the Province of New York: Cadwallader Colden to William Barnet, Governor of New York, November 10, 1724     124
Lieutenant Governor William Gooch of Virginia to the Board of Trade, on the Need for a Tobacco Inspection Act, June 29, 1729 and February 27, 1731     127
James Oglethorpe Promotes a New Colony in Georgia, 1732     130
James Ramsay on the Abolition of the British Slave Trade, 1784     132
Slavery     135
Lieutenant Governor William Gooch of Virginia to the Board of Trade, Comments about African American Slaves in Virginia. June 29, 1729     135
New York Conspiracy Trials of 1741     136
A Virginia Planter Instructs his Plantation Manager about Enslaved Workers, 1743/4 and 1754     139
Runaway Servant and Slave Advertisements, as Published in Colonial Newspapers     142
Pennsylvania Gazette, Runaway Servants      142
Virginia Gazette, Runaway Slaves     143
South Carolina Gazette, Runaway Indian Slave, and South Carolina and American General Gazette, Runaway Slave     143
Everyday Life     146
Examination of Daniel Tice, 1765     146
Brinton Farmhouse, Birmingham Township, Chester (Delaware) County, Pennsylvania, 1704     147
Everyday Life in the Colonies as Seen through Probate Inventories and Wills     149
Inventory of Archibald Curry, laborer, Darby, Chester County, October 24, 1764     150
Inventory and Will of Sarah McWilliams, East Nottingham, Chester County, March 15, 1765     150
The Inventory of the Estate of Thomas Benedict late of Norwalk deceased taken this 28th day of June An. D. 1763     152
Slaves in the Inventory of Thomas Beach, Clarendon Parish, Jamaica, May 1776     154
Household Consumer Goods of the Comfortable and Prosperous     158
Colonial Taverns     160
Sarah Kimble Knight's Account of a Night at a Tavern, 1704     161
James Birket's Cursory Remarks about his Tavern Accommodations, 1750     162
Family and Gender Relations     165
Grand Jury Presentation of Martin Rierden, 1736     165
From the Letterbook of Eliza Lucas Pinckney, 1742     166
Politics of Gender Relations in Pennsylvania, 1730s-1760s      169
Scenes from the Life of a Great Tobacco Planter in Eighteenth-Century Virginia     170
William Byrd to Charles, Earl of Orrey (Great Britain), Virginia, July 5, 1726     171
William Byrd of Westover's Diary, 1710, 1712     173
Religion     177
The Anglican Clergy of Maryland Appeal to the Bishop of London about the State of the Church in Maryland, 1696     177
Benjamin Franklin Offers his Opinion of the Great Revivalist, George Whitefield     179
Dr. Alexander Hamilton Comments on the Revivalist James Davenport, 1743     181
James Ireland's Battle with Satan, Virginia, ca. 1760s     182
Culture     186
Cadwallader Colden [Coldengham, New York] to Mr. Peter Collinson [London, England], on Botany in America, November 13, 1742     186
Books and Reading in Eighteenth-Century America     188
A Selection of Books from the Probate Inventory of Alured Popple, Governor of Bermuda, 1745     188
A Bookseller's Catalog, Philadelphia, 1762     191
The Practice of Reading in Early America, from the Journal of Esther Edwards Burr on the Reading of Richardson's Pamela, 1755     193
Observing the Transit of Venus from Newport, Rhode Island, June 5, 1769     195
Phillis Wheatley, On Virtue     196
Musical Instruction      197
William Charles Hulet, Advertisement for Music Lessons, 1770     197
Young Ladies Conduct, Advice on Musical Instruction, 1722     197
The Great War for Empire     199
Seven Years War Begins: George Washington to John Augustine Washington, 1754     199
Description of the Battle of Ticonderoga, July 1758     200
Pontiac's Rebellion: Captain George Etherington to Major Henry Gladwin, Michilimackinac, June 12, 1763     202
Frontier Life during Warfare: Captain Lewis Ourry (Fort Bedford) to Colonel Henry Bouquet (Fort Pitt), August 27, 1763     204
Bibliography     206
Index     211
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