Color Chemistry: Syntheses, Properties and Applications of Organic Dyes and Pigments / Edition 2

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The well-received monograph Color Chemistry, now revised and updated in its second edition, provides a thorough treatment of the synthesis, properties, and industrial applications of organic dyes and pigments.
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Editorial Reviews

In this updated edition (first, 1987), 16 chapters cover classification; organic compounds; polyene and polymethine dyes; nitro and nitroso dyes; azo dyes and pigments; carbonyl dyes and pigments; sulfur dyes; fluorescent brighteners; application of dyes and organic pigments; photo-, thermo-, and electrochemical reactions of colorants; colorants for imaging and data recording systems; dyes in biochemistry, biology, medicine, and analytical chemistry; and ecology and toxicology. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781560811497
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 9/28/1991
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 496

Table of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Classification of Colorants
1.2 History of Dyes and Pigments
1.3 Production of Colorants
2 Color of Organic Compounds
2.1 Basic Concepts of Color
2.2 Empirical Correlations between the Chemical Structures of Colorants and their Color
2.3 Quantum Chemical Methods for the Description of Light Absorption by Organic Compounds
2.4 Fluorescence and Phosphorescence
2.5 Examples for the Quantitative Treatment of Light Absorption by Dyes
2.6 Influence of the Position of Substituents on the Spectra of Aromatic Compounds
2.7 Colorimetry and Color Vision
3 Polyene and Polymethine Dyes
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Carotenoid Dyes
3.3 Structure of Polymethine Dyes
3.4 Technical Methods of Preparation of Polymethine Dyes
4 Di- and Triarylmethine Dyes and their Aza Analogues
4.1 Structures of Simple Di- and Triarylmethine Dyes
4.2 Synthetic Principles for Di- and Triarylmethine Dyes
4.3 Heteroatom-bridged Di- and Triarylmethine Dyes
4.4 Aza Analogues of Diarylmethine Dyes
5 Aza[18]annulenes
5.1 Structures of Natural Dyes of the Aza[18] annulene Type
5.2 Structural Properties of Phthalocyanine Colorants
5.3 Principles of Preparation
5.4 Applications of Aza[18]annulenes in Coloration
Nitro and Nitroso Dyes
7 Azo Dyes and Pigments
7.1 Nomenclature of Azo Dyes
7.2 Diazotization of Aromatic and Heteroaromatic Amines and Equilibria of the Diazo Component
7.3 Azo Coupling Reactions
7.4 Other Methods for the Synthesis of Aromatic Azo Compounds
7.5 Some Properties of Azo Compounds
7.6 Anionic Monoazo Dyes
7.7 Disperse Azo Dyes
7.8 Azoic Dyes
7.9 Cationic Azo Dyes
7.10 Complex-forming MonoazoDyes
7.11 Stereochemistry of Metal Complexes of Azo Dyes
7.12 Direct Dyes
7.13 Reactive Azo Dyes
7.14 Azo Pigments
8 Carbonyl Dyes and Pigments
8.1 General Remarks
8.2 The Quinone-Hydroquinone Redox System
8.3 Indigo and its Derivatives
8.4 Introduction of Substituents into Anthraquinone
8.5 Color and Structure of Substituted Anthraquinones
8.6 Ionic Anthraquinone Dyes
8.7 Substituted Anthraquinones as Disperse Dyes
8.8 Substituted Anthraquinones as Vat Dyes
8.9 Higher Anellated Vat Dyes
8.10 Application of Vat Dyes
8.11 Leuco Sulfuric Ester Dyes
8.12 Carbonyl Pigments
8.13 Other Carbonyl Dyes
9 Sulfur Dyes
9.1 Classification and Structures of Sulfur Dyes
9.2 Technical Production of Sulfur Dyes
10 Fluorescent Brighteners
10.1 Optical Principles Concerning the Effect of Fluorescent Compounds
10.2 Major Chemical Types of Fluorescent Brighteners
10.3 Synthetic Methods in the Chemistry of Fluorescent Brighteners
11 Application of Dyes
11.1 Technology of Dye Applications
11.2 Introduction to the Physical Chemistry of Dyeing Mechanisms
11.3 The Dyeing System in Equilibrium
11.4 Kinetics of Dyeing
11.5 Dye Aggregation
12 Application of Organic Pigments
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Physical Conditioning of Pigments
12.3 Application Methods for Pigments
13 Photo-, Thermo- and Electrochemical Reactions of Colorants
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Photochemistry of Dyes in Solution
13.3 Photochemical Products of Colored Polymers
13.4 Chemical and Physical Factors Affecting the Lightfastness of Colored Polymers
13.5 Photochemical Degradation of Fluorescent Brighteners
13.6 Photosensitized Degradation and Stabilization of Polymers by Dyes and Pigments
13.7 Photo- and Thermochromism
13.8 Chemiluminescence and Electroluminescence
13.9 Electrochromism, Electrochemichromism and Photoelectrophoresis
13.10 Dyes in Solar Energy Conversion
13.11 Dye Lasers
13.12 Colorants as Catalysts and Conductors in other than Photochemical Applications
14 Colorants for Imaging and Data Recording Systems
14.1 Spectral Sensitizing Dyes for Silver Halide Photography
14.2 Dyes in Classical Color Photography
14.3 Dye Transfer Photography
14.4 Azo Imaging Systems
14.5 Electrophotography
14.6 Dichroic Dyes for Liquid Crystal Displays
14.7 Dyes for Optical Data Disks
14.8 Other Imaging and Data Recording Systems
14.9 Color Formers for Carbonless Copy Paper
15 Dyes in Biochemistry, Biology, Medicine, and Analytical Chemistry
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Biological Staining
15.3 Fluorescent Stains
15.4 Dyes for Affinity Chromatography
15.5 Dyes as Titration Indicators in Analytical Chemistry
15.6 Chromo- and Fluoroionophores
15.7 Solvatochromic Dyes for Solvent Characterization
15.8 Color-Specific Application of Colorants for Therapeutic Purposes
16 Analysis, Ecology, and Toxicology of Colorants
16.1 Analysis and Purification of Colorants
16.2 Environmental Assessment of Colorants
16.3 Toxicology of Colorants
16.4 Food Colors
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