Color / Edition 6

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The sixth edition of Color is an invaluable introduction to the art and the science of color and its uses. It provides a solid and thorough foundation in the aesthetic and practical basics of this all-pervasive subject, with many quotations from artists past and present on the subtleties of their techniques. The material on new technologies has been reorganized abd updated so that pigment mixtures are now explored before light mixtures.
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Editorial Reviews

Intended to be used by artists and art students in all media, this volume provides an introduction to the many different approaches to understanding color, including aesthetics, science, psychology, and history. This edition reflects the tremendous advances made in recent years in computerized graphics. Color illustrations. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205635603
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 1/15/2009
  • Series: MySearchLab Series for Art Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 200
  • Sales rank: 191,619
  • Product dimensions: 8.30 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface 7

New to the Sixth Edition 7

Acknowledgments 8

Photo Credits 9

1 Working with Color 10

2 Color Basics 14

The Physics of Light 14

Additive Light Colors 15

Subtractive Pigment Colors 18

Saturation, Hue, Value 19

3 Perceiving Colors 25

The Human Eye 25

Seeing Colors 26

Variables in Color Perception 30

Non-visual Color Perception 37

4 Psychological Effects of Color 39

Warm and Cool Colors 39

Physiological Effects 41

Color Symbolism 43

Personal Color Preferences 44

Emotional Effects 47

Local and Expressive Color 49

5 Compositional Effects of Color 51

Spatial Effects 51

Balance and Proportion 56

Emphasis 58

Unity 59

6 Theories of Color Relationships 63

Early Theories 63

Leonardo da Vinci 63

Newton 64

Harris 65

Goethe 65

Runge 68

Chevreul 68

Rood 69

Munsell 71

Ostwald 71

C.I.E. Color Space 73

7 Subtractive Media 75

Dye and Pigment Sources 75

The Color Notation Systems 76

Mixing Oils and Acrylics 77

Ceramic Glazes 82

Colored Glass 83

Fiber Dyes 84

Color Photography 89

Color Printing 90

Digital Printing 95

Color Management 98

Fading of Subtractive Colors 101

8 Additive Media 102

Transmitting Color Electronically 103

Choosing and Using Color on the Monitor 104

Digital Art 108

Color in Website Design 111

Dynamic Imagery and Virtual Reality 113

Lightworks 115

9 Color Combinations and Interactions 120

Color Schemes 120

Color Interactions 131

10 Color in Fine Art 146

Non-Western Traditions 147

Historical Western Approaches 150

Western Approaches in the Twentieth and Twenty-first Centuries 159

11 Color in Applied Design 171

Color Trends 171

Color Psychology 173

Graphic Design 176

Interior Design 179

Architecture 181

Landscape Design 186

Crafts 187

Color Problems 190

Glossary 193

Notes 196

Index 198

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Color is addressed to artists and art students in all media, in both fine and applied arts. It provides an informative but non-dogmatic introduction to the many different approaches to understanding color, including aesthetics, science, psychology, and history. Illustrations for the chapters on color concepts are taken from all media. Special aesthetic and practical considerations for color usage in each medium—such as ways that graphic designers use and specify printers' inks—are also explored. The realities of color use are accentuated by direct quotes from working artists. Technical terms are carefully defined in the text and also in a glossary. Those appearing in the glossary are printed in boldface when first introduced in the text.

Special Features of the Fourth Edition

This fourth edition of Color reflects the tremendous range of color choices in the studio and the marketplace. There are now millions of colors available through computer graphics, more than the human eye can even distinguish. The section on computer-generated colors includes the complications of color matching when designers are working with both computer and printing technologies. Color choices in such crafts fields as ceramics, glass, and fibers are also mushrooming as they cross the soft boundary between fine and applied arts. Optical color effects continue to be an area of artistic experimentation, and these are illustrated and discussed in detail.

In the midst of these burgeoning choices, students are given a clear and solid foundation for understanding uses of color. Some 35 lively new images have been added to this edition, from cave paintings totwenty-first century virtual reality installations. Illustrations of points under discussion reflect the great variety in color applications, including historic and contemporary paintings, sculpture, installation pieces, crafts, photographs, advertisements, cartoons, commercial design, computer art, video, architecture, landscape design, interior design, and clothing. The work of women and multicultural art are naturally interwoven throughout the text.

For this edition, new visual demonstrations have been added, such as the effects of different lighting sources, reflective qualities of different surfaces, the Bezold Effect, and the phenomenon of color constancy. There is new material on the emotional and physiological effects of different hues, and on the spatial effects of colors. Cutting-edge virtual reality and video installations are illustrated and discussed. Website design and current printing technologies are included in updated discussions of computer-based art. Technical sections have been modified for greater clarity and ease of understanding. Technical material is provided in ways that can form take-off points for artists' own explorations of the intriguing world of color.

A special characteristic of this book is its extensive use of artists' own words about their use of color. More such quotations have been incorporated into this edition, and a new feature has been added: artists' quotations introducing each chapter.

Another special new feature of this edition is an appendix of Studio Color Problems. These comprise a great treasury of practical experiments with color based on the experiential teaching methods of the great colorist Josef Albers. Those using his experiential method might like to assign the first two chapters of the text to develop a general orientation and a basic vocabulary before launching into studio work, and then continue with the more theoretical and practical material introduced later in the book once students have made some discoveries on their own. Professor Zelanski is a former student of Albers and has found this method highly successful in four decades of teaching.


Among the many artists in various media with whom we have worked in preparation of this book, we would like to pay a special tribute to the late Arthur Homer. His pioneering work in optical color mixtures is still ahead of its time. We are also grateful to Frank Noelker, the late John Roy, and Janet Cummings Good for their help in cutting-edge color technologies and for supplying outstanding illustrative material.

We are grateful to those professors who reviewed the earlier editions of this book; their suggestions have benefited all editions. Ruth Zelanski and Ron Lambert have helped in locating and providing images.

At Laurence King Publishing, Elisabeth Ingles has served as the enthusiastic and intelligent editor for this edition, and photo researcher Maureen Cowdroy has worked hard to track down new images. Our dear friend Lawrence King has been steadfastly supportive. Norwell F. Therien, our American editor at Prentice Hall, has firm conviction of the value of this book in helping students understand and make full use of the complexities of color.

Annette Zelanski has been of great help, as ever, and we want to express to her our love and appreciation. We owe her a very special debt of gratitude.

Paul Zelanski
Mary Pat Fisher
March 2002

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