Color Science in the Examination of Museum Objects: Nondestructive Procedures

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This volume presents the life work of the late Ruth Johnston-Feller, one of the nation's leading color scientists. It combines an overview of basic theoretical concepts with detailed, hands-on guidance for the professional conservator and conservation scientist.
The author focuses on the application of color science to the solution of practical problems, providing a comprehensive discussion of the nondestructive spectrophotometric tools and techniques used to understand the color and appearance of materials during the technical examination of works of art. The book, which features numerous examples of reference reflectance spectra, can help prevent misinterpretation of color measurements and the erroneous conclusions that might result. Topics include spectrophotometry, colorimetry, colorant mixtures, analytical techniques, reflection, fluorescence, and the effects of extenders, fillers, and inerts.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780892365869
  • Publisher: Getty Publications
  • Publication date: 9/28/2001
  • Series: Tools for Conservation Series
  • Pages: 384
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

The late Ruth Johnston-Feller, who died in April 2000, held key positions at the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company and the Ciba-Geigy Corporation. Her industrial research resulted in numerous publications, including a major chapter on color theory in the three-volume book Pigment Handbook.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1
Ch. 1 Spectrophotometry 5
Spectrophotometers 6
Reference Standards 11
Instrument Calibration and Measurement Reproducibility 12
Spectrophotometric Curves 13
Ch. 2 Colorimetry 15
Additive Color Mixture, Subtractive Colorant Mixture 15
The CIE System 20
Color-Difference Equations 33
Metamerism 40
Other Color Notation Systems 49
Ch. 3 Colorant Characteristics 58
Ch. 4 Colorant Mixture 62
Transparent Materials: The Beer-Bouguer Equation 62
Absorbing and Scattering Materials: The Kubelka-Munk Equation 67
Qualitative Application of the Kubelka-Munk Relationship 70
Quantitative Application of the Kubelka-Munk Equation 78
Applications of Kubelka-Munk Formulas 93
Comments on Colorant Calculations and Identifications 145
Ch. 5 Color in Specular (Mirror-Type) Reflection 159
Color of Metals (Nondielectrics) 159
Bronzing 164
Pearlescence and Iridescence 169
Other Flake Pigments (Metallic Flakes) 179
Ch. 6 Special Topics 190
Surface Reflection 190
Fluorescence 205
Microvoids and Vesiculated Beads 219
Extenders, Fillers, Inerts 221
Ch. 7 Reflectance Curves of Some Frequently Encountered Chromatic Pigments 225
Primary Colors 225
Secondary Colors 231
Pigment Interactions 234
Special Technique for Dark or High-Chroma Colors 237
Ch. 8 Measured-Data Analysis and Special Measurement Problems 238
Ch. 9 Instrumentation Overview: The Tasks Determine the Selection 244
Material (Sample) Characteristics 246
Other Instrument Features 250
Reports 251
Ch. 10 Suggested Protocol for Recording Spectral Examination Results 252
Ch. 11 Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations 257
App. A Curves and Data for Pigments Used as Illustrative Problems 260
App. B K/S versus %R Table 294
App. C: Colour Index Name 296
App. D Compilation of Spectral Reflectance Curves of Pigments: Representative Example 298
App. E: Recommended Reading 328
References 332
Index 351
Illustration Credits 363
About the Author 365
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