Colored Gemstones: The Antoinette Matlin's Buying Guide


Newly updated and expanded,
COLORED GEMSTONES gives you all the information you need to buy, collect, sell—
or simply enjoy—sapphires, emeralds, rubies and other colored gemstones with confidence and knowledge.

With more varieties than ever before to choose from, including altogether new gems, revolutionary new cuts and new ways to buy gems—such as Internet auctions and TV shopping—there has never been a more ...

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Newly updated and expanded,
COLORED GEMSTONES gives you all the information you need to buy, collect, sell—
or simply enjoy—sapphires, emeralds, rubies and other colored gemstones with confidence and knowledge.

With more varieties than ever before to choose from, including altogether new gems, revolutionary new cuts and new ways to buy gems—such as Internet auctions and TV shopping—there has never been a more exciting time to buy or collect colored gemstones. But there are also new high-tech treatments and sophisticated frauds to look out for. Lack of information, error or misrepresentation can make the thrill of buying a gem or piece of jewelry confusing, intimidating, overwhelming and costly. Buyers need a source of expert guidance.

This practical, comprehensive, easy-to-understand guide provides all the information you need in order to know what to look for, and what to look out for, including:

  • What qualifies as a “gemstone”?
  • • How to evaluate color—and its impact on price.
  • Deciding between a natural gem and an enhanced gem … and new glass-gemstone compositions.
  • Colored gemstone synthesis and treatment.
  • What to ask when buying the stone.
  • What to get in writing.
  • How to get what you want within your budget.
  • Price guides for popular gems, opals and synthetic stones.
  • Important information about buying on the Internet.
  • ... and much more!

Written by an “insider,” this easy-to-read guide is the “unofficial colored gemstone bible” for anyone who wants to get the most for their moneyand enjoy what they have purchased.

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Editorial Reviews

California Bookwatch

Newly updated and expanded is a key reference for any library catering to gemstone collectors and jewelry makers. This includes all the basics needed to assess gemstones and how to avoid common issues form how to identify a natural versus an enhanced gem to what to get in writing when purchasing, and how to establish and stay within budget. New gems, new cuts, and new buying methods via Internet and TV shopping are all covered here.

The Jewelry Loupe - Cathleen McCarthy

With the third edition of Colored Gemstones: The Antoinette Matlins Buying Guide hot off the presses, gem and jewelry expert Antoinette Matlin caught me up on the latest developments in colored stones. If you're in the market for rubies, read this before you buy.

What’s changed since you last updated this book?

The most important change has to do with treatments, in particular the introduction of composite ruby, a glass mixture which is being sold globally as genuine ruby.

How bad has this become?

It is bad. There is rarely a day that goes by without my getting a call from somebody, a consumer or another gemologist who wants me to explain this problem to the person crying at their desk because they paid thousands for a stone that’s probably worth $100. The real problem is that this material is being confused with natural rubies that have been treated in some way – either fracture-filled with glass or treated with high heat which creates a glass residue.

Which is Ruby composite on the right was heat-treated for 30 seconds

Not necessarily bad. "Treated" ruby starts out as ruby, a single crystalline structure of red color that’s been cut and polished. The color and clarity can be improved through various treatments, and these treated stones are priced appropriately for those treatments. not necessarily bad?

Natural, untreated ruby is extremely rare and one of the most expensive stones in the world.

As the world’s ruby sources became depleted, treatments were introduced that would provide lovely rubies at more affordable prices. The earliest treatment – and one still used – involves heating with low to moderate heat. Nothing is added to the stone. In some ways, it simply extends the natural process. These are the most expensive of the treated stones and can still cost thousands of dollars per carat.

Later, high-heat techniques were introduced that were a bit more affordable. High-heat techniques that left a residue of glass in fissures were even more affordable. Most recently, a treatment was introduced using glass to fill unsightly fractures so they become less visible. These are more affordable yet – and so on.

But because there are ruby treatments where the word “glass” appears, it has led to tremendous confusion about this newcomer, which is produced by totally different methods.

What exactly is this new composite ruby?

It starts with material that is extremely low-grade corundum (the mineral known as ruby when red, sapphire when blue or any other color). There is some question as to whether it started out red or pink – thus, whether you can even call it ruby. It starts out as a rock containing multiple entwined crystals, interlaced with other extraneous minerals, rather than a single crystal with a nice color and good transparency. The treaters leach out all of the surrounding extraneous material from the host rock leaving this tangled mass of low-grade corundum. This material is very porous, not a single structure, so it needs the glass to hold it together in order to cut it.

At a minimum, stones I’ve examined were approximately 15 percent glass. But some I’ve seen lately are pushing 50 to 60 percent glass. Some labs are calling them “composite rubies,” some are calling them “glass ruby composites,” some “hybrid rubies.” By whatever name, there is universal agreement that these are not, and should not be sold as, genuine ruby. There is no universal agreement, however, on what they should be called. That’s where the issues are currently creating consumer problems.

What can buyers do to spot this interloper?

If they have a 10x jewelry loupe and know how to use it, they can easily and quickly see telltale indicators. When the surfaces are viewed in reflected light, you can see lots of intersecting lines looking something like a spider web or a fingerprint where the glass is holding things together. If you view a ruby composite with light coming through the stone, you can also see a significant number of glass bubbles – some quite large, some smaller – through the entire crown or pavilion. That’s how you know the stone is a composite.

Sometimes you can also see some yellow color, because they frequently use yellow tinted glass to make certain shades of red look redder. That is an indication of where some of the glass is.

Beyond trying to spot these indicators through a loupe, what can consumers do to protect themselves from paying thousands for a ruby worth $1.50 per carat?

Ask the person you’re buying from straight out: “This is not one of those glass composite rubies, is it?” They should be willing to write, “This is a genuine ruby, not a composite” on the sales receipt. Because that’s what they told you. If they’re not willing to put that in writing, my advice is: Run, do not walk, run to another source, because this one is not reliable. He or she is either ignorant or dishonest. Those are the only two possibilities.

Are these composites being sold by mainstream retailers?

They’re being sold at Macy’s. I did a segment on this for Good Morning America in December because Macy’s was selling “ruby” jewelry for $3,400-5,000 when the wholesale value of the stones was less than $100. I don’t believe Macy’s buyers have done it knowingly, but a lot has come out about these composites in the trade press since then. I went into a Macy’s a few weeks ago and that jewelry was still there.

Is there a place for composite rubies?

I think there’s a market for it. It looks more like real ruby than most synthetic rubies do, so it gives somebody who can’t afford a ruby a wonderful alternative. I wouldn’t recommend mounting them in gold and diamonds but set in sterling or plated metal, maybe surrounded by CZs, and you’d have a very pretty, very inexpensive piece of jewelry.

I noticed today that JTV is selling this, calling it “hybrid ruby” and explaining what it is. They’re pricing it at a few dollars a carat, about $50-74 per stone. At that price, it’s one thing. At $1000 or $2000 or $5000, it’s a totally different thing. Apparently, when you buy this from JTV, you get a booklet that tells you what it is and how to care for it. Take it off before you do the dishes, for example, because Dawn dish-washing detergent will destroy it. So will lemon juice and any number of household chemicals.

Find out more about ruby composites and other gemstone treatments in the latest edition of Colored Gemstones: The Antoinette Matlins Buying Guide.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780943763729
  • Publisher: Gemstone Press
  • Publication date: 5/1/2010
  • Edition description: Third Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 204
  • Sales rank: 779,734
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Antoinette Matlins, P.G., is an internationally respected gem and jewelry expert, author, and lecturer. Honored with the international Accredited Gemologists Association's highest award for excellence in gemology, Ms. Matlins is the author of many books that are widely used throughout the world by consumers and professionals in the gem and jewelry field. Her books include Jewelry & Gems: The Buying Guide (over 400,000 copies now in print—the only book of its kind ever offered by Consumer Reports); Gem Identification Made Easy: A Hands-On Guide to More Confident Buying & Selling; The Pearl Book: The Definitive Buying Guide; Diamonds: The Antoinette Matlins Buying Guide; Engagement & Wedding Rings: The Definitive Buying Guide for People in Love; and Jewelry & Gems at Auction: The Definitive Guide to Buying & Selling at the Auction House & on Internet Auction Sites (all GemStone Press).

Former gemology editor of National Jeweler magazine, her articles and comments on buying and selling gems and jewelry and on gem investment have appeared in many national and international consumer and trade publications. She is also the author of the "Gemstones" chapter in the Encyclopedia of Investments, 2nd Edition.

Ms. Matlins has gained wide recognition as a dedicated consumer advocate. She has spearheaded the Accredited Gemologists Association's nationwide campaign against gemstone investment telemarketing scams. A popular media guest, she has been seen on ABC, CBS, NBC, and CNN, educating consumers about gems and jewelry and exposing fraud.

In addition to her educational work, Ms. Matlins is retained by clients worldwide to seek fine, rare, or unusual gems and jewels for acquisition.

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Table of Contents

List of Price Guides vi

List of Special Charts and Tables vi

List of Color Photograph Sections vii

Acknowledgments viii

Preface xi

Introduction xvii

Part 1 Getting to Know Gems

1 The Mystery & Magic of Colored Gems 3

2 Getting What You Really Want: The First Steps 9

3 Looking for a Gem That's a "Cut Above" 15

Part 2 Colored Gemstones

4 Determining Value in Colored Gems: What Makes a Gem a Gem? 21

5 Colored Gemstone Synthesis & Treatment 49

6 Fraud & Misrepresentation in Colored Gems 65

7 Colored Gemstone Certificates 85

8 Buying Colored Gems 97

9 Colorful Choices in Colored Gemstones 115

Part 3 Important Advice Before & After you Buy

10 What to Ask When Buying the Stone 169

11 How to Select a Reputable Jeweler & Gemologist Consultant 175

12 Verifying & Insuring Your Purchase 179

13 Buying on the Internet: E-Commerce & Online Auctions 185

14 Caring for Your Gems & Jewelry 191


Selected List of Recognized Laboratories 196

Selected Readings 197

Color Plates and Exhibits 198

Index 200

Price Guides

Guide to Popular Gems and Their Prices 105

Opal Retail Price Guide 111

Synthetic Gemstone Retail Price Guide 112

Composite Gemstone Retail Price Guide 114

Special Charts and Tables

Zodiac Stones, Birthstones, and Anniversary Stones 4

Gemstone Clarity Classifications 36

Guide to Gemstone Treatments 56

Descriptive Names and Misnomers 81

Gem Alternatives by Color 98

How Treatments Affect Prices of Colored Gems 101

Gemstones That Are Not Routinely Enhanced 102

Color Photograph Sections

Colored Gemstones-The Rarest of Them All…

Red and Pink Gemstones to Warm Any Heart

Blue Gemstones Offer Heavenly Choices

Yellow and Orange Gems to Brighten the Day

Green Gems That Everyone Will Envy

Opals-A Fiery World of Color

Color-Change Gems-Keep the Mystery Alive

Classic Shapes and Cutting Styles

Gemstone Cutters and Carvers…Artists Creating a New Style (two pages)

Gemstone Artists Create Objets d'Art…And Art to Wear (two pages)

Ornamental Stones

Colored Gemstones and Great Design-A Natural for Endless Possibilities

Timeless Ring Designs…And New Classics by Modern Designers (two pages)

Bold New Looks in Colored-Stone Rings…A Natural Fit (two pages)

Colorful Creations from Winning Designers…To Suit Every Style (two pages)

More Winning Creations…And "Suite" Possibilities (two pages)

Cabochons of Every Type…Simply Captivate Designers (two-pages)

Colored Gemstones…A Natural for Whimsical Jewels

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Sort by: Showing all of 3 Customer Reviews
  • Posted May 8, 2010

    A real gem of a book

    As I am a novice, self proclaimed 'gemologist in training' (GIT) I was referred to this book my a very reputable gemologist. I was reluctant to purchase the book, but quickly discovered the book's popularity by trying to borrow it from the local libraries.
    When I finally purchased it I could almost kick myself for not buying it months ago.
    It is very informative, easy to understand by the novice as well as experience, and has amazing photos. Also, the price-guide is more accurate than other books of this nature. It is definitely a book worth buying. Thanks!

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 21, 2006

    A source of expert guidance!!!

    This book showed me how to get the most for my money and how to protect myself from scams, a resource that should be on everyones shelf!!!

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 15, 2010

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