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Richard Popkin has assembled 63 leading scholars to forge a highly approachable chronological account of the development of Western philosophical traditions. From Plato to Wittgenstein and from Aquinas to Heidegger, this volume provides lively, in-depth, and up-to-date historical analysis of all the key figures, schools, and movements of Western philosophy.
The Columbia History significantly broadens the scope of Western philosophy to reveal the influence of Middle Eastern and Asian thought, the vital contributions of Jewish and Islamic philosophers, and the role of women within the tradition. Along with a wealth of new scholarship, recently discovered works in 17th- and 18th-century philosophy are considered, such as previously unpublished works by Locke that inspire a new assessment of the evolution of his ideas. Popkin also emphasizes schools and developments that have traditionally been overlooked. Sections on Aristotle and Plato are followed by a detailed presentation on Hellenic philosophy and its influence on the modern developments of materialism and scepticism. A chapter has been dedicated to Jewish and Moslem philosophical development during the Middle Ages, focusing on the critical role of figures such as Averroës and Moses Maimonides in introducing Christian thinkers to classical philosophy. Another chapter considers Renaissance philosophy and its seminal influence on the development of modern humanism and science.
Turning to the modern era, contributors consider the importance of the Kaballah to Spinoza, Leibniz, and Newton and the influence of popular philosophers like Moses Mendelssohn upon the work of Kant. This volume gives equal attention to both sides of the current rift in philosophy between continental and analytic schools, charting the development of each right up to the end of the 20th century.
Each chapter includes an introductory essay, and Popkin provides notes that draw connections among the separate articles. The rich bibliographic information and the indexes of names and terms make the volume a valuable resource.
Combining a broad scope and penetrating analysis with a keen sense of what is relevant for the modern reader, The Columbia History of Western Philosophy will prove an accessible introduction for students and an informative overview for general readers.
Columbia University Press
— Douglas Moggach
• Table of Contents
Table of Contents Acknowledgments Introduction List of Contributors 1 Origins of Western Philosophic Thinking 1 Introduction 1 The Pre-Socratic Philosophers 6 The Sophists 20 Socrates and the Socratics 23 Plato 32 Aristotle 52 Brief Summary of Aristotle's Writings 72 Hellenistic Philosophy 74 Middle Platonism 91 Gnosticism 100 Plotinus and Neoplatonism 102 Early Jewish and Christian Uses of Philosophy 111 The Greek Tradition in Early Christian Philosophy 118 The Latin Tradition in Early Christian Philosophy 1282 Medieval Islamic and Jewish Philosophy 140 Introduction 140 Sa'adya Gaon 144 Jewish and Early Muslim Neoplatonism 149 Abu Nasr Muhammed al-Farabi 153 Avicenna 157 Al-Ghazali 163 Philosophical Mysticism in Islamic Thought 170 Introduction 172 Solomon ibn Gabirol 173 Judah Halevi 177 Averroes 183 Moses Maimonides 188 Jewish Averroism 196 Gersonides 200 Hasdai Crescas, Joseph Albo, and Isaac Abrabanel 204 Moses de Leon and the Zohar 210 Isaac Luria and the Lurianic Kabbalah 213 Abraham Cohen Herrera 215 Conclusion 2173 Medieval Christian Philosophy 219 Early Period 219 Translation and Transmission of Greek Philosophy 230 Bonaventure 244 Thomas Aquinas 251 Latin Averroism 256 Scotus and Scotism 261 Late Scholasticism 267 Realism Versus Nominalism 2714 The Renaissance 279 Between Ockham and Descartes 279 Aristotelianisms 280 Humanism 292 Platonism 303 Doubt and Innovation 3155 Seventeenth-Century Philosophy 329 The Sceptical Crisis 329 Rene Descartes 336 Seventeenth-Century Philosophy After Descartes 346 Thomas Hobbes 346 Blaise Pascal 352 The Philosophy of the Royal Society of England 358 The Kabbala denudata 363 The Cambridge Platonists 366 Baruch de Spinoza 373 John Locke 382 Nicolas Malebranche 389 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 396 Pierre Bayle and Bishop Huet, the Master Sceptics 404 Europe and Non-European Cultures 412 China and Western Philosophy in the Age of Reason 4126 Eighteenth-Century Philosophy 422 Introduction 422 Isaac Newton 423 The Newton-Leibniz Controversy 431 Deism 437 George Berkeley 445 Immaterialism in the American Colonies: Samuel Johnson and Jonathan Edwards 452 David Hume 454 The French Enlightenment 462 Christian Thomasius and Christian Wolff 472 Moses Mendelssohn 475 Thomas Reid 480 Scepticism Before Kant 487 The Berlin Academy 490 Immanuel Kant 494 Vico, Hamann, and Herder 502 Eighteenth-Century Racism 5087 Nineteenth-Century Philosophy 516 Introduction 516 Early Sceptical, Religious, and Literary Responses to Kantian Philosophy 518 The Flowering of Idealism 524 Johann Gottlieb Fichte 524 F. W. J. Schelling 528 G. W. F. Hegel 533 The Turn from Idealism 542 Arthur Schopenhauer 542 Soren Kierkegaard 546 Ludwig Feuerbach 549 Karl Marx 552 The Problem of Values in the Late Nineteenth Century 556 France 567 Nineteenth-Century British Philosophy 575 American Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century 587 The Beginnings of Pragmatism: Peirce, Wright, James, Royce 592 John Dewey 6008 Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy 604 Introduction 604 Symbolic Logic 606 The Logistic Thesis 610 The Theory of Descriptions 613 Logical Positivism 621 Ludwig Wittgenstein 629 Gilbert Ryle and J. L. Austin 642 Karl Popper and W. V. O. Quine 647 Direct-Reference Theorists 652 Donald Davidson and John Searle 655 New Directions 6579 Twentieth-Century Continental Philosophy 667 The Early Decades: Positivism, Neo-Kantianism, Dilthey 667 Husserl and Phenomenology 675 Martin Heidegger 682 Continental Philosophy of Science 691 Existentialism and Beyond 698 Hermeneutics: Gadamer and Ricoeur 705 Continental Theistic Philosophers 712 Continental Philosophy: Neo-Marxism 721 French Feminist Philosophy 730 Poststructuralism: Derrida and Foucault 737 Continental Philosophy at the Turn of the Twenty-first Century A1 Charles E. Scott 745 Epilogue 755 Epilogue on the History of Philosophy 757 History of Philosophy and Reconstructing Philosophy 758 Women in the History of Philosophy 765 Philosophy and the History of Philosophy 772 Index of Names 779 Index of Subjects 801