Stephen R. Tyler is President of Adaptive Resource Management Ltd. He directed a program of action research for Community-Based NRM in Asia for seven years, as program team leader with the IDRC and has worked with partners throughout Asia on applied research in the field of environment and development for 16 years. He served as consultant to Asian Development Bank, World Bank, CIDA, and other international organizations and is the editor of Natural Resources: Action Research and Policy Change in Asia (2006).
Comanagement of Natural Resources: Local Learning for Poverty Reductionby Stephen R. Tyler
The developing world's poorest people live in marginal, often harsh rural environmentsenvironments which tend to be fragile and highly vulnerable to overexploitation. These rural people depend directly on their local ecosystems for access to the food, forage, fuel, fiber, water, medicines and building materials. What types of natural resource management (NRM) can improve the livelihoods of these poor people while protecting or enhancing the natural resource base they depend on? New approaches to NRM are needed: ones that move beyond the earlier narrow focus on productivity (such as crop yields), to include social, institutional and policy considerations.
One such approach--comanagement--is presented in this book. It can be defined as collaborative arrangements in which the community of local resource users, local and senior governments, and other stakeholders share responsibility and authority for managing a specified natural resource or resources. This book draws on more than a decade of research across the developing world and presents case studies from Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Ecuador, Lebanon, and Viet Nam.
A key message to resource managers, policymakers, researchers, and development practitioners is that proposed solutions to NRM problems will be effective and lasting only if driven by the knowledge, action, and learning of local users. This book presents only a small sample of the research on community based NRM supported by IDRC over the years. For more analysis, discussion, and case material visit the companion website, www.idrc.ca/in_focus_comanagement, which is included with this book, on a CD-ROM.
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