Coming to Terms with the Nation: Ethnic Classification in Modern China

Coming to Terms with the Nation: Ethnic Classification in Modern China

by Thomas Mullaney, Benedict Anderson
     
 

ISBN-10: 0520272749

ISBN-13: 9780520272743

Pub. Date: 12/27/2011

Publisher: University of California Press


China is a vast nation comprised of hundreds of distinct ethnic communities, each with its own language, history, and culture. Today the government of China recognizes just 56 ethnic nationalities, or minzu, as groups entitled to representation. This controversial new book recounts the history of the most sweeping attempt to sort and categorize the nation's

Overview


China is a vast nation comprised of hundreds of distinct ethnic communities, each with its own language, history, and culture. Today the government of China recognizes just 56 ethnic nationalities, or minzu, as groups entitled to representation. This controversial new book recounts the history of the most sweeping attempt to sort and categorize the nation's enormous population: the 1954 Ethnic Classification project (minzu shibie). Thomas S. Mullaney draws on recently declassified material and extensive oral histories to describe how the communist government, in power less than a decade, launched this process in ethnically diverse Yunnan. Mullaney shows how the government drew on Republican-era scholarship for conceptual and methodological inspiration as it developed a strategy for identifying minzu and how non-Party-member Chinese ethnologists produced a “scientific” survey that would become the basis for a policy on nationalities.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520272743
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
12/27/2011
Series:
Asia: Local Studies / Global Themes Series
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents


List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Foreword
Acknowledgments

Introduction

1. Identity Crisis in Postimperial China
2. Ethnicity as Language
3. Plausible Communities
4. The Consent of the Categorized
5. Counting to Fifty-Six

Conclusion: A History of the Future

Appendix A: Ethnotaxonomy of Yunnan, 1951, According to the Yunnan Nationalities Affairs Commission
Appendix B: Ethnotaxonomy of Yunnan, 1953, According to the Yunnan Nationalities Affairs Commission
Appendix C: Minzu Entries, 1953–1954 Census, by Population
Appendix D: Classification Squads, Phases One and Two
Appendix E: Population Sizes of Groups Researched during Phase One and Phase Two

Notes
Character Glossary
Bibliography
Index

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