A Common Human Ground: Universality and Particularity in a Multicultural World

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A great challenge of the twenty-first century is the danger of conflict between persons, peoples, and cultures, among and within societies. In A Common Human Ground, Claes Ryn explores the nature of this problem and sets forth a theory about what is necessary for peaceful relations to be possible.

Many in the Western world trust in “democracy,” “capitalism,” “liberal tolerance,” “scientific progress,” or “general enlightenment” to handle this problem. Although each of these, properly defined, may contribute toward alleviating disputes, Ryn argues that the problem is much more complex and demanding than is usually recognized. He reasons that, most fundamentally, good relations among individuals and nations have moral and cultural preconditions.

What can predispose them to mutual respect and peace? One Western philosophical tradition, for which Plato set the pattern, maintains that the only way to genuine unity is for historical diversity to yield to universality. The implication of this view for a multicultural world would be a peace that requires that cultural distinctiveness be effaced as far as possible and replaced with a universal culture. A very different Western philosophical tradition denies the existence of universality altogether. It is represented today by postmodernist multiculturalism—a view that leaves unanswered the question as to how conflict between diverse groups might be averted.

Ryn questions both of these traditions, arguing for the potential union of universality and particularity. He contends that the two need not be enemies, but in fact need each other. Cultivating individual and national particularities is potentially compatible with strengthening and enriching our common humanity. This volume embraces the notion of universality, while at the same time historicizing it.

Using wide-ranging examples, Ryn presents a firmly sustained and systematic argument centering on this central issue. His approach is interdisciplinary, discussing not only political ideas, but also fiction, drama, and other arts. Scholarly and philosophical, but not specialized, this book will appeal to general readers as well as intellectuals.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780826214942
  • Publisher: University of Missouri Press
  • Publication date: 11/28/2003
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 168
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Claes G. Ryn is Professor of Politics at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. He has also taught at the University of Virginia and Georgetown University, and he gave the “Distinguished Foreign Scholar” lectures at Beijing University in 2000. Ryn is the author or editor of several books, including Will, Imagination, and Reason: Babbitt, Croce, and the Problem of Reality.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1
Ch. 1 Peace as the Union of Universality and Particularity 5
Ch. 2 Moral and Cultural Preconditions of Harmony 11
Ch. 3 A Cosmopolitan Basis for Peace 20
Ch. 4 The Living Past 26
Ch. 5 A Common Ethical Center 36
Ch. 6 Dubious Conceptions of Unity 46
Ch. 7 The Attack on History 60
Ch. 8 Value-Centered Historicism 79
Ch. 9 The Concrete as Normative 99
Ch. 10 The Unique Expression of the Universal 118
Appendix 135
Index 139
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