Common Morality: Deciding What to Do / Edition 1

Common Morality: Deciding What to Do / Edition 1

by Bernard Gert
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195314212

ISBN-13: 9780195314212

Pub. Date: 02/03/2007

Publisher: Oxford University Press

"Here distinguished philosopher Bernard Gert presents an introduction to what he calls "common morality" - the moral system that most thoughtful people implicitly use when making everyday, commonsense moral decisions and judgments. Common Morality is useful in that - while not resolving every disagreement on controversial issues - it is able to distinguish between…  See more details below

Overview

"Here distinguished philosopher Bernard Gert presents an introduction to what he calls "common morality" - the moral system that most thoughtful people implicitly use when making everyday, commonsense moral decisions and judgments. Common Morality is useful in that - while not resolving every disagreement on controversial issues - it is able to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable answers to moral problems." The distillation of over 40 years of scholarship, this book is the most accessible version of Gert's influential theory of morality as well as an eye-opening look at the moral foundations of our everyday actions. Throughout the discussion is clear enough for a reader with little or no philosophy background.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195314212
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
02/03/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
216
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 5.00(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Pt. IThe moral system19
Features of the moral system19
The moral rules20
The moral ideals22
General characteristics of moral rules26
Interpreting the rules29
Violations of moral rules involve liability to punishment53
Justifying violations of the moral rules55
The two-step procedure for justifying violations of the moral rules58
Moral virtues and vices76
Pt. IIThe moral theory81
The justification of morality81
Characteristics of moral agents87
Knowledge or beliefs required of all moral agents88
Irrationality and rationality91
Rationality as maximizing satisfaction of desires95
Objectively irrational actions97
Personally irrational actions99
Reasons versus motives103
All reasons have justifying force106
Reasons and desires111
Adequate reasons112
Rationality, morality, and self-interest114
Impartiality116
Two philosophical attempts to achieve moral impartiality119
Justifying moral impartiality122
Why act morally?131
Morality as an informal public system137
The role of governments in settling unresolvable moral disagreements139
Rights142
The consequences of morality not always providing a unique correct answer145
A complete moral theory148

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