Common Places / Edition 1

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Overview

What is the "real Russia"? What is the relationship between national dreams and kitsch, between political and artistic utopia and everyday existence? Commonplaces of daily living would be perfect clues for those seeking to understand a culture. But all who write big books on Russian life confess their failure to get properly inside Russia, to understand its "doublespeak."

Boym is a unique guide. A member of the last Soviet Generation, the Russian equivalent of our Generation X, she grew up in Leningrad and has lived in the West for the past thirteen years. Her book provides a view of Russia that is historically informed, replete with unexpected detail, and everywhere stamped with authority. Alternating analysis with personal accounts of Russian life, Boym conveys the foreignness of Russia and examines its peculiar conceptions of private life and common good, of Culture and Trash, of sincerity and banality. Armed with a Dictionary of Untranslatable Terms, we step around Uncle Fedia asleep in the hall, surrounded by a puddle of urine, and enter the Communal Apartment, the central exhibit of the book. It is the ruin of the communal utopia and a unique institution of Soviet daily life; a model Soviet home and a breeding ground for grassroots informants. Here, privacy is forbidden; here the inhabitants defiantly treasure their bits of "domestic trash," targets of ideological campaigns for the transformation (perestroika) of everyday life.

Against the Russian and Soviet myths of national destiny, the trivial, the ordinary, even the trashy, take on a utopian dimension. Boym studies Russian culture in a broad sense of the word; she ranges from nineteenth- and twentieth-century intellectual thought to art and popular culture. With her we go walking in Moscow and Leningrad, eavesdrop on domestic life, and discover jokes, films, and TV programs. Boym then reflects on the 1991 coup that marked the end of the Soviet Union and evoked fin de si├Ęcle apocalyptic visions. The book ends with a poignant reflection on the nature of communal utopia and nostalgia, on homesickness and the sickness of being home.

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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Visitors and outsiders have long lamented that the real lives of Soviet citizens were hidden behind a veil of official rhetoric. The private self was kept separate from the public self as a sort of defensive or coping mechanism. Boym (humanities, Harvard), who was raised in Leningrad but has lived in the West for 13 years, analyzes the dichotomy between the common meeting places of public life and the no-places of private life and discerns a cultural tradition that still persists. Her themes are the communal apartment (which deprived all residents of a private life), graphomania (the compulsion to bad writing), and the spiritual self in Russian philosophy. Examples are drawn from film, literature, painting, and philosophy of the 19th and, primarily, 20th centuries. Appropriate for academic and specialized collections.-Marcia L. Sprules, Council of Foreign Relations Lib., New York
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780674146266
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • Publication date: 1/23/1995
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 372
  • Product dimensions: 0.77 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 9.21 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: Theoretical Common Places

Rubber Plants and the Soviet Order of Things

Archeology of the Common Place

A Labyrinth without a Monster

The Mythologist as Traveler

1. Mythologies of Everyday Life

Byt: Daily Grind and Domestic Trash

Poshlost':
Banality, Obscenity, Bad Taste

Meshchanstvo: Middle Class, Middlebrow

Private Life and Russian Soul

Truth, Sincerity, Affectation

Kul'turnost': The Totalitarian Lacquer Box

Soviet Songs: From Stalin's Fairy Tale to "Good-bye, Amerika"

2. Living in Common Places: The Communal Apartment

Family Romance and Communal Utopia

Art and the Housing Crisis: Intellectuals in the Closet

Welcome to the Communal Apartment

Psychopathology of Soviet Everyday Life

Interior Decoration

The Ruins of Utopia

A Homecoming, 1991

3. Writing Common Places: Graphomania

History of the Literary Disease

The Forgotten Classics

The Genius of the People and the Conceptual Police

Glasnost', Graphomania, and Popular Culture

A Taxi Ride with a Graphomaniac

4. Postcommunism, Postmodernism

The End of the Soviet World: From the Barricades to the Bazaar

Glasnost' Streetwalking: Fallen Monuments and Rising Dolls

Stalin's Cinematic Charisma, or History as Kitsch

Trashy Jewels of Women Artists

Merchant Renaissance and Cultural Scandals

The Obscure Object of Advertisement

Conclusion: Nostalgia for the Common Place

Notes

Index

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