This highly regarded reader is intended for courses in political philosophy, political ideologies, political theory, and comparative political systems in both Philosophy and Political Science departments. It remains unsurpassed in the breadth and depth of its coverage, and in its exceptionally clear and provocative presentation of the theoretical foundations of communism, fascism, and democracy. This third edition has been updated to reflect the changing reality of the fall of Communism as a functioning political system, and has been reorganized to better illuminate central philosophical foundations of democracy.
PART ONE: COMMUNISMSECTION I: UTOPIAN SOCIALISM 1. Friedrich Engels: Socialism, Utopian and Scientific. Part I: The Utopians 2. Henri Comte de Saint-Simon: Selected Writings: The New Christianity, A World Upside Down, The Plan of a New Society, The Golden Age. 3. F. M Charles Fourier: Selected Writings: Of Association, Evils of Individual Action in Industry. 4. Robert Owen: The Book of the New Moral World, To the Nations of the World, The Development of Superior Human Character, The Irrational Society, The New Moral World. SECTION II: DIALECTICS 5. Friedrich Engels: Socialism, Utopian and Scientific. Part II: Dialectical Philosophy. 6. Georg W. F. Hegel: Lectures on the Philosophy of History. Dialectical History. 7. Friedrich Engels: Letter to Conrad Schmidt. On Understanding Hegel. 8. Karl Marx: Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts. Alienated Labor. Communism, Crude and Refined. The Supersession of Private Property. Needs, Production, and the Division of Labor. Money. (and more...)