Communism: A History

Communism: A History

by Richard Pipes
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0812968646

ISBN-13: 9780812968644

Pub. Date: 08/05/2003

Publisher: Random House Publishing Group

With astonishing authority and clarity, Richard Pipes has fused a lifetime’s scholarship into a single focused history of Communism, from its hopeful birth as a theory to its miserable death as a practice. At its heart, the book is a history of the Soviet Union, the most comprehensive reorganization of human society ever attempted by a nation-state. This is the

Overview

With astonishing authority and clarity, Richard Pipes has fused a lifetime’s scholarship into a single focused history of Communism, from its hopeful birth as a theory to its miserable death as a practice. At its heart, the book is a history of the Soviet Union, the most comprehensive reorganization of human society ever attempted by a nation-state. This is the story of how the agitation of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, two mid-nineteenth-century European thinkers and writers, led to a great and terrible world religion that brought down a mighty empire, consumed the world in conflict, and left in its wake a devastation whose full costs can only now be tabulated.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780812968644
Publisher:
Random House Publishing Group
Publication date:
08/05/2003
Series:
Modern Library Chronicles Series
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
192
Sales rank:
646,382
Product dimensions:
5.20(w) x 8.00(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
1.Communist Theory and Program1
Historical antecedents3
Marx and Engels8
Failed expectations of Marxists15
The Second International and its collapse18
2.Leninism21
Russia's revolutionary tradition23
Lenin28
191734
Lenin's dictatorship39
Failure of "War Communism"42
Exporting revolution49
3.Stalin and After53
Stalin takes charge55
Industrialization and collectivization57
The Great Terror62
Stalin exploits Russian nationalism72
Stalin as Lenin's natural heir73
World War II74
Khrushchev78
Decay and collapse81
4.Reception in the West89
The Comintern91
Western Communists and fellow travelers97
Communism and Nazism103
Stalin's dual foreign policy107
The Cold War108
Post--World War II Communism in the West110
5.The Third World115
Common features117
Comintern promotes alliances with nationalists118
Mao and Maoism122
Post-Stalinist Soviet policy in the Third World127
China's "Great Leap Forward" and "Cultural Revolution"128
Pol Pot's Cambodia132
Allende's Chile135
Castro's Cuba138
Mengistu's Ethiopia142
Terrorism143
Conclusions144
6.Looking Back145
Inherent contradictions of Communism as cause of its repeated failures147
Role of ideology155
The costs of Communism158
Notes161
Suggestions for Further Reading166
Index170

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