Community Food Webs: Data and Theory

Overview

Food webs hold a central place in ecology. They describe which organisms feed on which others in natural habitats. This book describes recently discovered empirical regularities in real food webs: it proposes a novel theory unifying many of these regularities, as well as extensive empirical data. After a general introduction, reviewing the empirical and theoretical discoveries about food webs, the second portion of the book shows that community food webs obey several striking phenomenological regularities. Some ...
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Overview

Food webs hold a central place in ecology. They describe which organisms feed on which others in natural habitats. This book describes recently discovered empirical regularities in real food webs: it proposes a novel theory unifying many of these regularities, as well as extensive empirical data. After a general introduction, reviewing the empirical and theoretical discoveries about food webs, the second portion of the book shows that community food webs obey several striking phenomenological regularities. Some of these unify, regardless of habitat. Others differentiate, showing that habitat significantly influences structure. The third portion of the book presents a theoretical analysis of some of the unifying empirical regularities. The fourth portion of the book presents 13 community food webs. Collected from scattered sources and carefully edited, they are the empirical basis for the results in the volume. The largest available set of data on community food webs provides a valuable foundation for future studies of community food webs. The book is intended for graduate students, teachers and researchers primarily in ecology. The theoretical portions of the book provide materials useful to teachers of applied combinatorics, in particular, random graphs. Researchers in random graphs will find here unsolved mathematical problems.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Food webs describe which organisms feed on which others in natural habitats. This volume describes some recently discovered empirical regularities in real food webs, and proposes a novel theory that unifies many of these regularities. For graduate students, teachers and researchers primarily in ecology, especially community ecologists with a quantitative orientation. Acidic paper. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642837869
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 12/8/2011
  • Series: Biomathematics Series , #20
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1990
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 308
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

I. General Introduction.- § 0. Food Webs and Community Structure.- II. Empirical Regularities.- § 0. Untangling an Entangled Bank.- A. General Regularities.- § 1. Ratio of Prey to Predators in Community Food Webs.- § 2. Community Food Webs Have Scale-Invariant Structure.- § 3. Trophic Links of Community Food Webs.- § 4. Food Webs and the Dimensionality of Trophic Niche Space.- B. Differential Regularities.- § 5. Environmental Control of Food Web Structure.- § 6. Environmental Correlates of Food Chain Length.- III. A Shastic Theory of Community Food Webs.- § 1. Theory: Circles of Complexity, Spherical Horses.- § 2. Models and Aggregated Data.- § 3. Individual Webs.- § 4. Predicted and Observed Lengths of Food Chains.- § 5. Theory of Food Chain Lengths in Large Webs.- § 6. Intervality and Triangulation in the Trophic Niche Overlap Graph.- IV. Data on 113 Community Food Webs.- References.- Acknowledgements.- Authors Index.
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