The Community Justice Ideal / Edition 1

The Community Justice Ideal / Edition 1

by Todd R Clear
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813367662

ISBN-13: 9780813367668

Pub. Date: 01/01/1999

Publisher: Westview Press


Over the past quarter-century, U.S. politicians have responded to the public's fear of crime by devoting ever more resources to building and strengthening the criminal justice apparatus, which as a result has grown tremendously in size and cost. Policymakers have also taken steps to toughen procedures for dealing with suspects and criminals, and broaden legal…  See more details below

Overview


Over the past quarter-century, U.S. politicians have responded to the public's fear of crime by devoting ever more resources to building and strengthening the criminal justice apparatus, which as a result has grown tremendously in size and cost. Policymakers have also taken steps to toughen procedures for dealing with suspects and criminals, and broaden legal definitions of what constitutes crime, which has led to the incarceration, under harsher-than-ever conditions, of a record-high percentage of the U.S. population. Yet public confidence in the criminal justice apparatus is, if anything, lower than ever before, and fear of crime continues to be high.In recent years, some activists, scholars, criminal-justice officials, and politicians have begun to call for a reexamination of "get-tough" crime policies. A more sensible approach to crime, they argue, would focus on "community justice"--that is, on building healthy communities in which criminality cannot take root, and on making citizens and criminal-justice into partners rather than adversaries. In this thought-provoking study, Todd Clear and David Karp provide both a broad theoretical analysis of this ideal, and a close examination of a range of attempts to put it into practice in communities throughout the country. They conclude that by making the criminal justice system and the public into partners rather than adversaries, community-justice strategies for dealing with crime are both more effective and more resource-efficient than the failed "get-tough" approach.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813367668
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
01/01/1999
Series:
Crime and Society Series
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
208
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Illustrationsvii
Introduction1
Community Justice: A Thought Experiment2
Community Justice: Can It Work?12
1The Community Justice Movement15
Recent Innovations16
Elements of Community Justice24
Questions About Community Justice32
2Crime, Community, and Criminal Justice37
Community Context40
Community Action42
Quality of Community Life44
Criminal Justice Response47
Ways Out of the Cycle52
3A Positive View of Community Life59
What Is Community?59
Convergent and Divergent Experiences of Community61
Contemporary Selves, Contemporary Society63
Modern Justice and the Social Self68
Community Mechanisms75
The Adversarial Model and Community Ideals79
Conclusion81
4Principles of a Democratic Community Justice83
Crime: The Shattering of Community84
Recovering Community87
The Tasks of Parties to Criminal Incidents88
The Role of the Justice System92
The Justice System and the Offender97
Risk and Community Justice100
The Community Justice Process104
5Principles of Egalitarian Community Justice107
Four Principles of Egalitarian Justice108
Equality111
Inclusion115
Mutuality119
Stewardship124
Conclusion126
6Realizing Community Justice129
Identifying Communities130
Clarifying Legal Rights133
Fostering Community Development135
Monitoring and Supervising Offenders in the Community137
Decentralizing Authority and Accountability138
Mobilizing and Representing the Community141
Funding New Practices144
Defining Organizational Composition146
Conclusion149
7Evaluating Community Justice Initiatives151
Democratic Principles152
Egalitarian Principles163
Conclusion173
References177
Index191

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