The Community Justice Ideal / Edition 1

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Overview


Over the past quarter-century, U.S. politicians have responded to the public's fear of crime by devoting ever more resources to building and strengthening the criminal justice apparatus, which as a result has grown tremendously in size and cost. Policymakers have also taken steps to toughen procedures for dealing with suspects and criminals, and broaden legal definitions of what constitutes crime, which has led to the incarceration, under harsher-than-ever conditions, of a record-high percentage of the U.S. population. Yet public confidence in the criminal justice apparatus is, if anything, lower than ever before, and fear of crime continues to be high.In recent years, some activists, scholars, criminal-justice officials, and politicians have begun to call for a reexamination of "get-tough" crime policies. A more sensible approach to crime, they argue, would focus on "community justice"--that is, on building healthy communities in which criminality cannot take root, and on making citizens and criminal-justice into partners rather than adversaries. In this thought-provoking study, Todd Clear and David Karp provide both a broad theoretical analysis of this ideal, and a close examination of a range of attempts to put it into practice in communities throughout the country. They conclude that by making the criminal justice system and the public into partners rather than adversaries, community-justice strategies for dealing with crime are both more effective and more resource-efficient than the failed "get-tough" approach.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813367668
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/1999
  • Series: Crime and Society Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 208
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author


Todd R. Clear is distinguished professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. He has taught previously at Ball State University, Rutgers University, and Florida State University, and has served as a programming and policy consultant to public agencies in over forty states and five nations. His work has been recognized with awards from the Rockefeller School of Public Policy, the American Probation and Parole Association, and the International Association of Paroling Authorities.David R. Karp is assistant professor of sociology at Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, New York. His previous book, Community Justice: An Emerging Field, is a collection of several papers on community justice. Todd R. Clear is distinguished professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. He has taught previously at Ball State University, Rutgers University, and Florida State University, and has served as a programming and policy consultant to public agencies in over forty states and five nations. His work has been recognized with awards from the Rockefeller School of Public Policy, the American Probation and Parole Association, and the International Association of Paroling Authorities.David R. Karp is assistant professor of sociology at Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, New York. His previous book, Community Justice: An Emerging Field, is a collection of several papers on community justice.
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Table of Contents

List of Tables and Illustrations vii
Introduction 1
Community Justice: A Thought Experiment 2
Community Justice: Can It Work? 12
1 The Community Justice Movement 15
Recent Innovations 16
Elements of Community Justice 24
Questions About Community Justice 32
2 Crime, Community, and Criminal Justice 37
Community Context 40
Community Action 42
Quality of Community Life 44
Criminal Justice Response 47
Ways Out of the Cycle 52
3 A Positive View of Community Life 59
What Is Community? 59
Convergent and Divergent Experiences of Community 61
Contemporary Selves, Contemporary Society 63
Modern Justice and the Social Self 68
Community Mechanisms 75
The Adversarial Model and Community Ideals 79
Conclusion 81
4 Principles of a Democratic Community Justice 83
Crime: The Shattering of Community 84
Recovering Community 87
The Tasks of Parties to Criminal Incidents 88
The Role of the Justice System 92
The Justice System and the Offender 97
Risk and Community Justice 100
The Community Justice Process 104
5 Principles of Egalitarian Community Justice 107
Four Principles of Egalitarian Justice 108
Equality 111
Inclusion 115
Mutuality 119
Stewardship 124
Conclusion 126
6 Realizing Community Justice 129
Identifying Communities 130
Clarifying Legal Rights 133
Fostering Community Development 135
Monitoring and Supervising Offenders in the Community 137
Decentralizing Authority and Accountability 138
Mobilizing and Representing the Community 141
Funding New Practices 144
Defining Organizational Composition 146
Conclusion 149
7 Evaluating Community Justice Initiatives 151
Democratic Principles 152
Egalitarian Principles 163
Conclusion 173
References 177
Index 191
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