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Companion Encyclopedia of Geography

Overview

The Companion Encyclopedia of Geography provides an authoritative and provocative source of reference for all those concerned with the earth and its people. Examining both physical and human geography and charting human activities within their habitat up to the present day, this companion also looks towards the future.

The forty-five self contained chapters are bound into a unifying whole by the editors' general and section introductions and each chapter provides details of the ...

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Overview

The Companion Encyclopedia of Geography provides an authoritative and provocative source of reference for all those concerned with the earth and its people. Examining both physical and human geography and charting human activities within their habitat up to the present day, this companion also looks towards the future.

The forty-five self contained chapters are bound into a unifying whole by the editors' general and section introductions and each chapter provides details of the most useful sources of further reading and research. This work is an invaluable resource not only for students, teachers and researchers but also for professionals in commercial and public-sector organizations.

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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal

Editors and contributors Douglas, Richard Huggett, and Chris Perkins-all three of whom teach geography at the University of Manchester-have assembled a work that as a whole suggests that, if there is a metadiscipline, it is certainly geography. Despite its title, this revised edition is not an encyclopedia in the traditional sense but a rich and fascinating collection of 64 essays exploring the myriad facets of human and physical geography, from tectonics to geopolitics; from virtual places to consumer impacts and conservation. There are six thematic sections: "The Nature of Place"; "Forces for Change"; "Actors in the Process"; "Nature, Rate, and the Direction of Change"; "The Geographical Imagination"; and "Responses to Geographical Drivers of Change." Featuring contributions from a lengthy list of international academics, the work is global in scope, yet it provides a highly relevant look at our own backyards, wherever they may be. The section examining geographic "crises" and responses is by far the longest-fitting, given the increasing demands humans place on the world. The lucid and at times witty contributions are supplemented by recommended reading lists, and references end each essay. Each volume opens with complete lists of plates, figures, and tables and closes with a complete index.
—Daniel Sifton

Booknews
Forty-five self-contained chapters are bound into a unified whole by the editors' general and section introductions. Arrangement is in six parts. The first focuses on the evolution of the earth through geological, and up to historical time; the second considers the transformations caused by human occupancy, rapid population growth, and the industrial society. Subsequent sections examine the period 1939 to 1946, and the end of the 20th century. Finally, responses of the geographical discipline to the world of the post-war period are examined, and the future of the discipline is forecast. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415339773
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis, Inc.
  • Publication date: 12/1/2006
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 602
  • Product dimensions: 6.80 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 0.05 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
The Contributors
General Introduction 1
1 Planet Earth 15
2 The ever-changing climate 44
3 The biosphere 67
4 Human evolution 86
5 The geography of language 107
6 Religion: nature and origins 120
7 The modification of the earth by humans in pre-industrial times 137
8 European settlement, 1450-1750 162
9 European expansion and land cover transformation 182
10 The origins of the capitalist world economy 206
11 Industrialization and world agriculture 228
12 Changes in global demography 249
13 Origins of modern environmentalism 274
14 The saviour city: beneficial effects of urbanization in England and Wales 293
15 From a 'cultural' world to a 'political' one 310
16 Unity and division in global political geography 332
17 The geography of conflicts and the prospects for peace 353
18 A new 'geo-economy': patterns, processes, problems 370
19 Third World urbanization 391
20 From riches to rags: the international debt crisis 408
21 Monitoring, modelling and mothering the environment: the impact of science and technology since the Second World War 430
22 Environmentalism on the move 449
23 Climatic variation and global change 482
24 Ocean uses, environment and management 508
25 Water: confronting the critical dilemma 526
26 Surface instability and human modification in geomorphic systems 553
27 The tropical rain forest 573
28 Humanity's resources 599
29 Environmental hazards 620
30 The sustainability of sustenance: land and agricultural production in the Third World 651
31 Famines and surplus in world food production 677
32 The nature of Third World cities 702
33 Western cities and their problems 730
34 Changing countrysides 752
35 The quality of life: human welfare and social justice 772
36 The expansion and fragmentation of geography in higher education 794
37 Achievements of spatial science 818
38 Geography and humanism in the late twentieth century 837
39 Structural themes in geographical discourse 860
40 Challenging the boundaries: survival and change in a gendered world 888
41 Place 906
42 Concern for geography: a case for equal emphasis of the geographical traditions 926
43 Home and world, cosmopolitanism and ethnicity: key concepts in contemporary human geography 939
44 Palaeoenvironmental narrative and scenario science 952
45 Geographical futures: some personal speculations 965
Index 974
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