Companion Encyclopedia of Geography: The Environment and Humankind / Edition 1

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More About This Textbook


The Companion Encyclopedia of Geography provides an authoritative and provocative source of reference for all those concerned with the earth and its people. Examining both physical and human geography and charting human activities within their habitat up to the present day, this Companion also asks what lies in the future:
* A differentiated world
* A world transformed by the growth of a global economy
* The global scale of habitat modification
* A world of questions
* Changing worlds, changing geographies
* Geographical futures.
The forty-five self contained chapters are bound into a unifying whole by the editors' general and part introductions; each chapter provides details of the most useful sources of further reading and research, and the volume is concluded with a comprehensive index.
This is an invaluable resource not only for students, teachers and researchers in the academic domain but also professionals in interested commercial and public-sector organisations.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415277501
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 3/1/2002
  • Series: Routledge World Reference Ser.
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 1056
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 2.30 (d)

Table of Contents

The Contributors
General Introduction 1
1 Planet Earth 15
2 The ever-changing climate 44
3 The biosphere 67
4 Human evolution 86
5 The geography of language 107
6 Religion: nature and origins 120
7 The modification of the earth by humans in pre-industrial times 137
8 European settlement, 1450-1750 162
9 European expansion and land cover transformation 182
10 The origins of the capitalist world economy 206
11 Industrialization and world agriculture 228
12 Changes in global demography 249
13 Origins of modern environmentalism 274
14 The saviour city: beneficial effects of urbanization in England and Wales 293
15 From a 'cultural' world to a 'political' one 310
16 Unity and division in global political geography 332
17 The geography of conflicts and the prospects for peace 353
18 A new 'geo-economy': patterns, processes, problems 370
19 Third World urbanization 391
20 From riches to rags: the international debt crisis 408
21 Monitoring, modelling and mothering the environment: the impact of science and technology since the Second World War 430
22 Environmentalism on the move 449
23 Climatic variation and global change 482
24 Ocean uses, environment and management 508
25 Water: confronting the critical dilemma 526
26 Surface instability and human modification in geomorphic systems 553
27 The tropical rain forest 573
28 Humanity's resources 599
29 Environmental hazards 620
30 The sustainability of sustenance: land and agricultural production in the Third World 651
31 Famines and surplus in world food production 677
32 The nature of Third World cities 702
33 Western cities and their problems 730
34 Changing countrysides 752
35 The quality of life: human welfare and social justice 772
36 The expansion and fragmentation of geography in higher education 794
37 Achievements of spatial science 818
38 Geography and humanism in the late twentieth century 837
39 Structural themes in geographical discourse 860
40 Challenging the boundaries: survival and change in a gendered world 888
41 Place 906
42 Concern for geography: a case for equal emphasis of the geographical traditions 926
43 Home and world, cosmopolitanism and ethnicity: key concepts in contemporary human geography 939
44 Palaeoenvironmental narrative and scenario science 952
45 Geographical futures: some personal speculations 965
Index 974
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