A Companion to Bioethics / Edition 2by Helga Kuhse
Pub. Date: 11/02/2009
This volume provides everything needed to soundly grasp the ideas and issues involved in the field of bioethics. Building on the model used by Peter Singer in his highly successful Companion to Ethics, the Companion to Bioethics consists of 47 specially written essays designed to present the key issues and concepts in an authoritative, yet always readable, non-technical manner. An extremely comprehensive index allows readers to find terms and topics not listed in the titles of the essays themselves.
A Companion to Bioethics is an essential work of reference for doctors, nurses, lawyers, journalists, philosophers, moral theologians, sociologists and anyone interested in the ethical issues that are transforming lives. It is applicable both to everyday health care practice, as well as the far-reaching issues arising from the revolution in the biological sciences.
Table of Contents
List of Contributors.
Part I: Introduction:.
1. What is Bioethics? A Historical Introduction: Helga Kuhse and Peter Singer.
Part II: Questions About Bioethics:.
2. Ethical Theory and Bioethics: James Rachels.
3. Bioethics and Cultural Diversity: Segun Gbadegesin.
4. Gender and Bioethics: Jan Crosthwaite.
5. Religion and Bioethics: Baruch Brody.
6. Law and Bioethics: Wibren van der Burg.
Part III: Ethical Approaches:.
7. A Principle-based Approach: James F. Childress.
8. An Absolute Rule Approach: Joseph Boyle.
9. A Utilitarian Approach: R. M. Hare.
10. A Virtue Ethics Approach: Justin Oakley.
11. A Care Approach: Rita C. Manning.
12. A Case Approach: John D. Arras.
Part IV: Before Birth: Issues Involving Embryos and Fetuses:.
13. Personhood: Michael Tooley.
14. Abortion: Mary Ann Warren.
15. Mother-Fetus Conflict: Bonnie Steinbock.
Part V: Issues in Reproduction:.
16. Population Issues: Margaret Battin.
17. Assisted Reproduction: Laura Purdy.
18. Prenatal Screening, Sex Selection and Cloning: Paul Robinson.
Part VI: The New Genetics:.
19. Gene Therapy: Ruth Chadwick.
20. Mapping the Human Genome: Timothy Murphy.
21. Creating and Patenting New Life Forms: Nils Holtug.
22. Genetic Screening and Counselling: Angus Clarke.
Part VII: Life and Death Issues:.
23. Medical Decisions at the End of Life: Dan W. Brock.
24. Severely Disabled Newborns: Eike-Henner W. Kluge.
25. Brain Death, Cortical Death and Persistent Vegetative State: Jeff McMahan.
26. Advance Directives: Alex Capron.
27. Voluntary Euthanasia, Suicide and Physician Assisted Suicide: Brian Stoffell.
28. The Slippery Slope Argument: Govert den Hartogh.
Part VIII: Resource Allocation:.
29. Micro-allocation: Deciding Between Patients: John Harris.
30. Macro-allocation: Dividing Up the Health Care Budget: Dan Wikler and Sarah Marchand.
31. Is There a Right to Health Care and, If So, What Does it Encompass?: Norman Daniels.
Part IX: Organ Donations:.
32. Organ Transplantation: Rosamund Rhodes.
Part X: AIDS:.
33. AIDS: Individual and 'Public' Interests: Udo Schuklenk.
34. AIDS: Ethical Issues in the Developing World: Udo Schuklenk et al.
Part XI: Experimentation With Human Subjects:.
35. Experimentation on Human Beings: Paul M. McNeill.
36. Ethical Issues in Human Experimentation: Leonardo D. de Castro.
37. Experimentation on Human Embryos and Fetuses: Mary Warnock.
Part XII: Experimentation with Animals:.
38. History and Ethical Regulation of Animal Experimentation: An International Perspective: F. Barbara Orlans.
39. The Moral Status of Animals and Their Use as Experimental Subjects: Bernard E. Rollins.
Part XIII: Ethical Issues in the Practice of Health Care:.
40. Confidentiality: Raanan Gillon.
41. Truth-telling: Roger Higgs.
42. Informed Consent and Patient Autonomy: Robert Young.
43. Patients Doubtfully Capable or Incapable of Consent: Carl Elliot.
44. Special Issues Facing Nurses: Verena Tschudin.
Part XIV: The Teaching and Practice of Bioethics:.
45. Ethics Committees and Ethics Consultants: Jonathan D. Moreno.
46. How Bioethics is Being Taught: A Critical Review: Cat Myser.
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